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2020.07.30 06:46 cherenkov_blue Singapore is a Meritocracy* [EXTRA LONG POST]

Singapore is a Meritocracy* [EXTRA LONG POST]
Edit: Thank you for all the comments and chat messages! I'm trying to go through each one. Writing thoughtful comments in the midst of having a full-time job is HARD WORK. I think I've missed a few questions, drop me a message if you're interested in continuing a discussion, I'm open to listening! There has been a lot of good comments, a few with great perspectives, and now I have a whole lot of things to read up on.
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Now that the 2020 General Election is firmly in our rear-view mirror, there is something that I have been meaning to write about: institutionalized racism affecting the minorities, especially the Malays, in Singapore. If you are groaning at this thinking you have been misled by this post’s title, I assure you that by the end of this post you will understand the caveat behind the above-mentioned title. I plead for a little of your time and patience.
We have seen many discussions online about majority privilege and systemic racism impacting the minorities. Many of you may have even participated in some of these discussions. I will not try to explain those terms for they have already been repeatedly debated to death. What this post aims to achieve is to bring to light Singapore’s history and government policies that have either benefited the majority race or kneecapped the minority race. Or both.
Why am I doing this?
It is frustrating to see some Singaporeans fully buying into the narrative that Singapore is a truly meritocratic society; that the government’s policies do not discriminate against minorities, or if a Singaporean worked hard enough he or she will succeed (whatever the definition of success is), or that we have anti-discriminatory laws that protect the minorities. Some even claim that the Malays enjoy special privileges due to Section 152 of the Constitution describing the special position of Malays, and that the Malays are blessed with free education in Singapore.
Section 152, “Special Position”, free education for all Malays?
Minorities and special position of Malays
152.—(1) It shall be the responsibility of the Government constantly to care for the interests of the racial and religious minorities in Singapore.
(2) The Government shall exercise its functions in such manner as to recognise the special position of the Malays, who are the indigenous people of Singapore, and accordingly it shall be the responsibility of the Government to protect, safeguard, support, foster and promote their political, educational, religious, economic, social and cultural interests and the Malay language.
The oft-mentioned Section 152 of the Constitution was an administrative continuation of previously existing colonial policy towards the Malays [Col: 126]. Regardless of the “special position” of the Malays, the only form of assistance rendered to the Malays was the policy of free education for all Malay students. This minimal approach of the government did little to improve the educational and socio-economic standing of the Malays as revealed by the 1980 national census. The free tertiary education policy was ultimately removed in 1990, despite opposition from Malays who questioned the constitutionality of its removal [col: 126].
With free education for all Malays, why haven’t their socio-economic and educational standings improved?
There are many factors to look at, and the issue goes way back to the colonial era so that’s where we shall start. The colonial administrators of Singapore, in their pursuit of capitalistic gains, had little use for the native inhabitants. The natives who were already living off their own land had no desire to work for the British as labourers. The British saw this unwillingness to work for them as indolence, and ascribed many other negative cultural stereotypes to the locals [pdf]. Nailing home the capitalistic intent of colonial presence in Singapore, the British Director of Education R. O. Winstedt explained their policy for education for the natives in 1920 [pg. 2]:
"The aim of the government is not to turn out a few well-educated youths, nor a number of less well-educated boys; rather it is to improve the bulk of the people, and to make the son of a fisherman or a peasant a more intelligent fisherman or peasant than his father had been, and a man whose education will enable him to understand how his lot in life fits in with the scheme of life around him".
And in 1915, a British resident revealed the colonial attitude towards education [pg. 3]:
"The great object of education is to train a man to make a living.... you can teach Malays so that they do not lose their skill and craft in fishing and jungle work. Teach them the dignity of manual labour, so that they do not all become krannies (clerks) and I am sure you will not have the trouble which has arisen in India through over education"
The type and quality of education that the British set up for the native inhabitants show that they had no intentions to empower the locals with skills for a new economy. The education provided, while free, was to make sure the locals were kept out of trouble for the British, and remain subservient to the colonial causes. Further impeding the socio-economic status of Malays, the British actively discouraged Malays in switching from agricultural production to more lucrative cash crops, preventing the building of wealth among the Malay communities (Shahruddin Ma’arof, 1988: 51). In contrast to the British suppression of the buildup of Malay wealth and provision of vernacular education, Chinese businessmen, clan associations and Christian missionaries established Chinese schools where students were taught skills like letter-writing and the use of the abacus. By the turn of the 20th century, the curriculum in these Chinese-language schools expanded to include arithmetic, science, history and geography while Malay-language schools under Winstedt’s educational policies focused on vernacular subjects such as basket-weaving.
So, when Singapore attained self-governance, did things get better?
Discontent with the education system and social inequalities was already a big issue in the mid 1950s that the parties that contested for the Legislative Assembly championed for reforms to social issues like better education systems, housing subsidies and workers rights.
The People’s Action Party (PAP) won the 1959 Legislative Assembly general elections by running on a rather progressive platform of low-cost housing, improvement of employment opportunities for locals and a stronger education. They also campaigned for abolishing the inequality of wealth in their election manifesto (Petir, 1958: 2), with PAP chairman Dr Toh Chin Chye expressing his disgust at seeing “so many of our people reduced to living like animals because under the present social and economic system, the good things of life are for the ruthless few, those who believe that the poor and the humble are despicable failures.”
With the PAP in power, assurances were made to Singaporeans that no community would be left behind. In 1965, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew promised aid specifically to help raise the economic and education levels of the Malays. In 1967 during a mass rally at Geylang Serai, PM Lee again promised that “the Government with the support of the non-Malays are prepared to concentrate more than the average share of our resources on our Malay citizens [pdf].” He emphasized the importance of lifting all sections of the community to an even footing, reasoning that “if one section of the community were to lag behind it would harm the unity and integrity of the nation” (Bedlington, 1974: 289).
Despite these promises to help the minorities narrow the inequality gap, very little was done to realize it. Instead, the government took a ruthless approach towards economic growth, sparing no expense. Deputy Prime Minister Goh Keng Swee explained the government’s main concern was “to generate fast economic growth by any and every possible means. . . . If unequal distribution of income induced greater savings and investment . . . then this must be accepted as the price of fighting unemployment.” (Goh, 1972: 275)
By the late 1970s, a strong shift in parents’ preference towards an English-medium education for their children had resulted in a rapid decline in the number of vernacular schools.
Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, there was a shift of parents’ preference towards educating their child in the English stream. This shift, together with a period of minimal intervention in terms of educational policy and assistance to the minorities by the government, caused the number of enrolments in vernacular schools to rapidly decline. The socio-economic gap also widened between the Malays and Chinese, as the Chinese community enjoyed greater occupational mobility relative to the minorities. This can be seen in the shift in the lower manual occupation category, from a relatively equal proportion in 1957 to a 10 percent difference in 1980 [Table A]. In 1980, the average Malay household income was only 73.8 percent of the average Chinese household income. The income gap widened considerably by 1990, where the average Malay household income dropped to 69.8 percent of the average Chinese household income [Table B] (Rahim, 1998: 19-22). Decades after the lofty promises were made by the government, the Malay community’s slide into marginality continued.
Table A

Table B
Wait, the gap got bigger? Did the government do anything?
In 1979, Education Minister Dr Goh Keng Swee with the Education Study Team released a report on the Ministry of Education, more widely known as the Goh Report. The team was made up of 13 members, most of them systems analysts and economists, and none of whom ‘possess much knowledge or expertise on education’ (Goh Report, 1979: 1). The all-Chinese team excluded social scientists and educationalists, as the Education Minister had little regard for their expertise (Rahim, 1998: 121). The Goh Report made recommendations for radical changes to the educational system, recommendations which then became the basis of the New Education System (NES).
During a time when Tamil, Malay and Chinese schools were getting closed down due to declining enrolment numbers due to the popularity of English medium ones, the Special Assistance Plan (SAP) was introduced in 1978 to preserve and develop nine Chinese schools into bilingual (Mandarin and English) schools while retaining the values and traditions of a Chinese school. As part of the NES, these schools were to be the only ones to offer the Special course which the top 10 percent scorers of the PSLE are eligible to opt for. With these schools getting more resources, better facilities and the best teachers, the SAP contradicts the multi-racial principle of giving equal treatment to the non-English language streams. This exclusivity and the elite status of SAP schools affords its students better opportunities and advantages that are virtually out of reach for many minorities in Singapore. Effectively, the SAP is an institutionalized form of ethnic/cultural favouritism (Rahim, 1998: 130)
The NES also introduced early streaming for students which further exacerbated existing inequalities. Despite primary school education being free for all Singaporeans, families with better financial means have a huge advantage in preparing their child for streaming through additional tuition and better preschool choices#. (Barr & Low, 2005: 177) As we have seen from the disparity in household incomes between the Chinese and Malays, early streaming served to widen the gap between the haves and have-nots. The have-nots, more often than not, find themselves in the lower streams, trapped with very limited options providing upward social mobility. They will have to face an insurmountable task to lift themselves and their future generations out of their current predicament.
In 1982, the PAP slogan “a more just and equal society” was quietly dropped from the party’s constitution. This signaled an end to the socialist ideals that the party built its identity upon.
Why? It can’t be that the government favours one race over another...can it?
Examining the PAP leadership’s attitude towards the different cultures and ethnicities is key to understanding what the government values and how these values shaped its policies. Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, as quoted in the Goh Report, extolled the values of East Asian philosophies: "The greatest value in the teaching and learning of Chinese is in the transmission of the norms of social or moral behaviour. This means principally Confucianist beliefs and ideas, of man [sic], society and the state" (Goh, 1979: v). The government’s championing of SAP schools and ‘Chinese values’ is also complemented by the launch of ‘Speak Mandarin Campaign’ in 1979.
In 1991, Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong espoused similar values as his predecessor, praising the virtues of ‘Confucian dynamism’ and claiming that Singapore would not be able to thrive and prosper without the Confucian core values of thrift, hard work and group cohesion. The fear of erosion of the Chinese cultural identity was never matched with a similar concern for the erosion of minority cultural identities, where the minorities were “expected to submit to a form of partial or incomplete assimilation into a Chinese-generated, Chinese-dominated society.#” (Barr & Low, 2005: 167)
On top of favouring Chinese cultural values and identities, the PAP leadership associated the cultures of the minorities with negative connotations. Speaking about a Malay who did well in business, Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew described the man as “acting just like a Chinese. You know, he’s bouncing around, running around, to-ing and fro-ing. In the old culture, he would not be doing that” (Han, et al., 1998: 184). In a Straits Times article on 26 June 1992, SM Lee also implied that the Chinese are inherently better at Maths, and that "If you pretend that the problem does not exist, and that in fact (the Malays) can score as well as the Chinese in Maths, then you have created yourself an enormous myth which you will be stuck with.+"
These attitudes from the ruling elite translated into more policies that preserved the advantage of the majority. When faced with the “pressing national problem”* of a declining birth-rate of the Chinese, the government took steps to ensure Chinese numerical dominance in Singapore. The Singapore government encouraged the immigration of skilled workers from countries like Hong Kong, Korea, and Macau, countries which were accorded the status of ‘traditional sources’ of foreign labour (Rahim, 1998: 72). Meanwhile, showing the government’s preference and/or dislike for specific groups of people, Malaysian Malays faced great difficulty in getting work permits. (“‘Harder’ for bumiputras to get S’pore work permits.+”, The Straits Times, 7 Mar 1991)
Another policy which worked to preserve the advantage of the majority was the urban resettlement programmes of the 1960s and 1970s. This resulted in the dissolution of the Malay electoral strongholds in the east, undermining the organic growth of Malay political grassroots. When it became apparent in the 1980s that the Malays were moving back to the traditional Malay residential areas, an ethnic residential quota, labelled the Ethnic Integration Policy, was implemented. The rationale behind the quota was to ensure a balanced racial mix, purportedly for racial harmony. However, this rationale does not stand up to scrutiny in the face of numerous academic studies on interethnic urban attitudes and relations**. Another consequence of the policy is the reinforcement of racial segregation when taking into account the income disparity between the races. Underlining the weakness of the government’s reasoning, constituencies like Hougang were allowed to remain Chinese residential enclaves despite its population being approximately 80 percent Chinese. (Rahim, 1998: 73-77)
Perhaps the most controversial policy introduced was the Graduate Mothers Scheme. It was introduced in 1983 to reverse the trend of falling fertility rates of graduate women versus the rising birth-rate of non-graduate women***. In a push to encourage graduate mothers to get married and have children, Deputy Prime Minister Dr Goh Keng Swee unveiled a suite of incentives; all-expenses paid love-boat cruises for eligible graduate singles in the civil service, a computer dating service, fiscal incentives, and special admissions to National University of Singapore (NUS) to even out the male-female student ratio#. At the other end of the spectrum, lesser-educated women were encouraged to have smaller families in a scheme called the Small Family Incentive Scheme. This was achieved by paying out a housing grant worth S$10,000 to women who were able to meet the following set of conditions: be below 30 years of age, have two or less children, educational level not beyond secondary school, have a household income totalling not more than S$1,500 and willing to be sterilized#.
Based on the average household income statistics, a simple deduction could be made that those eligible for the sterilization programme were disproportionately from the minority communities.
Isn’t that eugenics?
Yes. Singapore had a government-established Eugenics Board.
The graduate mothers and sterilization programmes were greatly unpopular and were ultimately abandoned or modified after the PAP’s mandate took a 12.9 percent hit in the 1984 general election. However that did not mean that eugenics stopped being an influence in policy-making.
In his 1983 National Day address, PM Lee stated that when it comes to intelligence, “80 per cent is nature, or inherited, and 20 per cent the differences from different environments and upbringing.” This is telling of the role that eugenics, biological determinist and cultural deficit theories played in the formation of PAP policies.
To further safeguard Singapore from “genetic pollution” (Rahim, 1998: 55, Tremewan, 1994: 113), the Ministry of Labour in 1984 issued a marriage restriction between work permit holders and Singaporeans. The work permit holder would have his work permit cancelled, be deported and be permanently barred from re-entering Singapore if he were to marry a Singaporean or permanent resident without obtaining prior approval. Approval from the Commissioner for Employment would only be given if the work permit holder possesses skills and qualifications of value to Singapore.
Doesn’t sound to me like the government targets any particular race with its policies.
Deputy Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong in 1987 rationalized that certain posts in the Singapore Armed Forces had been closed to Malays for "national security" reasons. He claimed that this policy was implemented to avoid placing Malays in an awkward position when loyalty to nation and religion came into conflict. PM Lee also added that the Malays behaved more as Malay Muslims than as loyal Singaporeans. PM Lee and DPM Lee’s statements finally made explicit what many suspected to have been an implicit rule. It could be observed that, despite being overrepresented in the civil service, Malays tend to stay in the lower-to-middle rungs of organizations like the SAF. It is also noteworthy that, to date, no Malay has held important Cabinet portfolios such as Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of Trade and Industry.
The conflation of loyalty to the country with approval of the ruling party proved to be patently flawed, as studies by the Institute of Policy Studies (ST, 30 Sept 1990: 22; IPS, 2010) indicate that Singaporean Malays showed a stronger sense of national pride and identification compared to the other major ethnic groups. The study also found that Citizen-Nation Psychological Ties (CNP) scores, that is, national loyalty, weakens with: higher socio-economic status, Chinese, youth, and political alienation. Even when the Malays have been historically disenfranchised, they were found to be proud to be Singaporeans, loyal to Singapore and more willing to sacrifice for the nation than the other ethnic groups.
Additionally, Minister of Defence and Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong threatened to withhold aid to the Malay self-help organization Mendaki in 1988. The threat was issued over an incident during election night where several Malays in a crowd of Workers Party supporters had jeered at PM Goh at a vote counting centre. It became apparent from this incident that any aid offered by the government was tied to loyalty to the PAP instead of it being the duty of the government to serve Singaporeans regardless of party affiliation^^.
There have always been Malay PAP Members of Parliament (MP), did they not help fight for these issues?
The Malay PAP MPs are in the unique position of having to represent not only people of their constituents but also the rest of the Malay Singaporeans while toeing the party line. With many of the government policies being unhelpful towards the Malays, it is near impossible to fulfill this role satisfactorily. PAP MPs Ahmad Haleem (Telok Blangah) and Sha’ari Tadin (Kampong Chai Chee, Bedok) were both made to enjoy early retirements from their political careers for bringing up “sensitive” issues of the Malay community^^^. This set the tone for future PAP Malay MPs to remain unquestioningly in step with the leadership, regardless of their personal agreement, in order to have a long career within the party. Today, Malay PAP MPs have continued with the trend of parroting PAP policies that ran against the interests of the Malay/Muslim community (e.g. Environment and Water Resources Minister Masagos Zulkifli and Minister-in-charge of Muslim Affairs Yaacob Ibrahim with regards to the tudung issue).
What about the Mendaki and the Tertiary Tuition Fee Subsidy (TTFS)?
The policy providing free education for all Malays was ended in 1990 despite opposition from the Malays and the opposition party[Col: 126]. In its place, Mendaki introduced TTFS in 1991 to subsidise the cost of tertiary education in local institutions for those living in low household income. Due to the long history of marginalization and the widening of the inequality gap, the number of Malays who were able to make it to tertiary education institutions, especially in local universities, have been disproportionately low compared to the other ethnic groups. As such, the number of students able to benefit from this subsidy is even lower.
It was only recently, 20 years after the introduction of the subsidy, that the criteria for eligibility underwent revision. The revision takes into account the size of the family of the applicant, allowing for more Malay students to benefit from it. However, this subsidy is only one measure in an attempt to ensure that Malays students who were able to qualify for tertiary education are able to do so. Short of totally ditching streaming, more care, thought and resources are needed to lift the quality and accessibility of education for the Malays, especially in the early years of a child’s education.
So what needs to happen now?
Singaporeans, especially politicians, need to move on from making assertions similar to what PM Lee had made in 1987, that the "problem is psychological . . . if they try hard enough and long enough, then the education gap between them and the Chinese, or them and the Indians, would close. . . . Progress or achievement depends on ability and effort." It is important for Singaporeans to recognize the nearly Sisyphean task faced by marginalized communities in improving their socio-economic standing. Handicapped right from the start, their perceived failures in our “meritocratic” society should not be judged as an indictment of their efforts, but influenced in no small measure by the failings of the state in dragging their feet to take action. As a community, Singaporeans need to actively combat negative stereotyping, and move away from policies that were rooted in eugenics. Government intervention into ensuring unbiased, fair hiring practices would also help in raising the standing of the marginalized minorities. It would be impossible for Singapore to live up to its multiracial, meritocratic ideals without making fundamental changes to the above mentioned policies.
---
# Academic journal behind a paywall. Most tertiary institutions should have partnerships with these journals, so you are likely able view them if you have a student email address.
+ Online scan of the article is unavailable
\* The declining birth-rate of the Chinese was one of three pressing national problems, according to PM Lee in a National Day rally speech in 1988; the others being education and the growing number of unmarried graduates [at approx 29 mins].
\* From Lily Zubaidah Rahim’s* The Singapore Dilemma (1998: 76-77): Rabushka’s (Rabushka, Alvin (1971), ‘Integration in Urban Malaya: Ethnic Attitudes Among Malays and Chinese’, 91-107) study found that it was common for people living in ethnically homogeneous areas to adopt favourable attitudes towards other ethnic groups. People who resided in ethnically mixed areas but did not mix with other ethnic groups were also found to hold negative attitudes towards others. He postulated that physical proximity coupled with superficial interaction across ethnic lines may in fact lead to heightened contempt for other ethnic groups. Urban studies (Fischer, Claude (1976), The Urban Experiment*) have similarly found that close physical distance of different ethnic groups does not necessarily result in narrowing the social distance between the communities. Indeed, physical ethnic proximity in large cities may well engender mutual revulsion and a heightening of ethnocentrism. These research findings have been corroborated by several Singaporean studies (Hassan, Riaz (1977),* ‘Families in Flats: A Study of Low Income Families in Public Housing’; Lai, Ah Eng (1995), ‘Meanings of Multiethnicity: A Case Study of Ethnicity and Ethnic Relations in Singapore’) which have found interethnic relations in the ethnically integrated public housing flats to be relatively superficial.
\** In the same article, PM Lee drew a straight line connecting the Malays with lower educational levels in this line of rhetoric questioning: “Why is the birth rate between the Malays, and the Chinese and Indians so different? Because the educational levels achieved are also different.”*
^ The stronger representation of Malays in civil service and Western multinational corporations was likely due to the difficulty in seeking employment in local firms. Prevalence of negative stereotyping of Malays meant that a Malay job applicant has to be much better qualified to be considered for a job in a local firm (Rahim, 1998: 25). A recent study into this phenomenon can be found here#.
^^ The PAP’s quid pro quo policy was put under the spotlight again in 2011, when PM Lee made it clear that the government’s neighbourhood upgrading programmes prioritised PAP wards over opposition wards.
^^^ PAP MP Ahmad Haleem raised the “sensitive” issue of the government’s exclusionary policy towards Malays in National Service, which adversely affected socio-economic standing of the Malay community [Col: 144]. PAP MP Sha’ari Tadin was actively involved in Malay community organizations and helped to organize a 1971 seminar on Malay participation in national development (Rahim, 1998: 90).
---
Recommended Reading:
The Myth of the Lazy Native: A study of the image of the Malays, Filipinos and Javanese from the 16th to the 20th century and its function in the ideology of colonial capitalism [pdf].
The Singapore Dilemma: The Political and Educational Marginality of the Malay Community.
Eugenics on the rise: A report from Singapore#.
Assimilation as multiracialism: The case of Singapore’s Malay#.
Racism and the Pinkerton syndrome in Singapore: effects of race on hiring decisions#.
---
References:
Bedlington, Stanley (1974), The Singapore Malay Community: The Politics of State Integration, Ph.D. thesis, Cornell University.
Chew, Peter K.H. (2008), Racism in Singapore: A Review and Recommendations for Future Research, James Cook University, Singapore.
Fook Kwang Han, Warren Fernandez, Sumiko Tan (1998) Lee Kuan Yew, the Man and His Ideas, Singapore Press Holding.
Goh, Keng Swee (1972), The Economics of Modernization and Other Essays, Singapore: Asia Pacific Press.
Michael D. Barr & Jevon Low (2005) Assimilation as multiracialism: The case of Singapore's Malays, Asian Ethnicity, 6:3, 161-182, DOI: 10.1080/14631360500226606
Rahim, Lily Z. (1998), The Singapore Dilemma: The political and educational marginality of the Malay community, Kuala Lumpur, Oxford University Press.
Shaharuddin Ma’aruf (1988), Malay Ideas on Development: From Feudal Lord to Capitalist, Times Book International, Singapore.
Tremewan, Christopher (1994), The Political Economy of Social Control in Singapore, London, Macmillan.
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2020.07.27 11:54 27JJuldacket Play No Games Da-ting Si-te

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2020.06.26 09:45 throwaway6468465647 When Karen and a sheltered religious upbringing come together for the perfect storm

This is my story in my own words 10+ years ago in form of a statement made to our local divorce court, with identifying information (redacted) and [edits to support clarity], plus XX for the day of the month.
My statement is a response to Karen’s libelous statement of me being a drug user and claiming I was molesting my own daughters. The judge admitted to never having read my statement, meaning that for almost 11 years, it has been sitting in some file cabinet at a courthouse in the US. It is a readily accessible public record if you know where to look. I think it’s time the world sees this. Why? Because I’m tired of being afraid, of being paranoid. Of thinking that the unknown person hitting me up online might be my ex in disguise (she did that). Or of thinking that I am not chatting with my daughter but with this narcissistic control freak of an ex-wife (I’m pretty sure she did that, too). I just want my side to be heard. Warning, it is very long (almost 7000 words), but full of bitter memories and Karen behavior. And yes, she had “the” haircut, more often than not demanded to speak to a manager, and she took the kids. She was a Karen before it was a thing. So much that for the longest time I thought the term “Karen” was based on her. I retyped this, to be able to copy and paste it. The original and the evidence is in my possession. It begins with a foreword explaining my reasoning for writing this at the time.
Here we go:
Despite the fact that (State) only has “no fault” as the guiding principle for dissolutions of marriage, Karen chose to make statements about me in her declaration that may influence the court in its decision making process concerning in particular the dissolution of the marriage between Karen and myself. This said, while the grounds for divorce should not be of any interest to the court, since Karen chose to make the statements she did, I will make my own as well, to show the court that I am not the person Karen portrays me to be, but a responsible man, who always gave his best for his family, putting Karen’s and our children’s needs before his own. These statements will also show that Karen will not accept responsibility for her own faults and actions, but would rather portray (herself) to be the victim, and go to any means necessary to defend this position, despite evidence to the contrary. They will also show that Karen has a careless attitude towards financial matters, is unable to provide a stable home for (our children), and has serious mental as well as physical health issues, which in the past have made her unable to care for our children, and potentially may do so in future.
The following is a chronological timeline of events concerning my relationship with Karen to show her manipulative, deceptive, passive-aggressive behavior towards me as well as her mental illness in general. I request the court to subpoena Karen’s mental health and medical records from (various hospitals) and any and all primary care physicians and specialists she has seen since we were engaged, in order to substantiate some of the following claims:
June 1994: Karen and I meet in (Europe). As my family has done in the past with other American visitors, I take Karen on a week-long tour of Europe. During this time Karen makes at least one inappropriate sexual advance on me, at my aunt’s apartment in (European town) [she snuck into my room at night, crawled into bed next to me and I woke up with her hand fondling my privates – I did not object to it as I was in sort of a shock and just froze, and it was the first time any girl had ever shown that sort of interest in me; I grew up in a very conservative religious family, knew that I was gay by 13 years of age but had just been through “conversion therapy”. In retrospect, I honestly thought I had been “healed” as my privates showed a “reaction”]. About one week later, before she leaves, she asks if we could have a long-distance relationship. I accept.
September 1995: Karen returns to (Europe) as our long-distance relationship has not done so well. She gives me an ultimatum to either continue it, or to call it off. To show my commitment, my response is that I ask her to marry me and we are engaged. [I literally panicked – during the year the “evil homosexual thoughts” had come up again, and I thought that this was “the Lord’s way out”. Mind you, I did inform her prior to the marriage that I have had those feelings and had been to therapy. She knew.]
December 1995: I fly to (the USA) to visit Karen and her parents. During this time we had consensual extramarital relations. We were planning to get married both legally and ecclesiastically in (Europe) in May 1996.
January 1996: Karen advises me that she is allegedly pregnant with multiples. She had also become unemployed. The decision is made for her to come to (Europe) sooner. Before her move, she calls me again to advise me that she had lost both pregnancies. While Karen has an extensive medical history, I have not seen evidence that she was ever pregnant during this time. At a later time she confesses that it was a test of my integrity and intentions towards her and I had “passed”. She also tells me that she had tested former boyfriends of her in a similar fashion during high school, and at one point went so far as to show a newborn baby which belonged to (a friend of hers) to one of her boyfriends, claiming it was theirs. Karen was babysitting for (her friend) at the time and claims to have done this with her consent. [If you are wondering why I did not jump ship at this point: we were already engaged and I was too chicken. I wanted to save face. Because “even Joseph stood by Mary when she got pregnant with Jesus”. – Plus I still thought this was “the Lord’s way for me out of homosexuality”.]
February 1996: Karen moves to (Europe). We begin the process of obtaining a marriage license.
April XX, 1996: We are legally married in (my hometown in Europe), obtain her (European) residence permit and move to (my place of residence at the time in Europe) shortly afterwards, as I am studying at the (local university) to become a translator. I am in my second year.
May XX, 1996: We return to my parents’ home in (my hometown) and get married at my home church in nearby (city).
Summer of 1996: While out of college for the summer, I work at (a fast food place in a nearby European city). We obtain Karen’s work permit but she is unable to find work. She claims that she has been clinically depressed since the age of 14. While I did not notice this until this point, she becomes more and more discontent, homesick, and depressed during this time. She threatens to divorce me and move back to (the US). She also threatens to commit suicide. The first occurrence was during one night, when she goes to a nearby dead arm of (a major river) to drown herself. I find her there in her nightgown after searching for her for about an hour. She states later that suicide is a “security blanket” for her.
During the same time she tells me about her involvement in occult practices as a teenager, and that she is still “demon possessed”. One night she plays out a “demonic” fight within herself, growls in low voices and attacks me physically. Being the religious person I was at the time [protestant evangelical Christian] I fully believe her and pray over her in tears. Eventually she “passes out” and a few minutes later returns, but not as herself, but allegedly as the archangel Michael, telling me that Karen needs me now more than ever and to not let go of her. Eventually, she falls asleep to wake up a little while later, this time as herself, supposedly not remembering anything.
Towards the end of the summer, her mother asks what keeps us in (Europe), and our response is my tuition-free higher education. However, we make the decision, for Karen’s sake, to move to the United States.
October 1996: We fly to (the US), and I enter the United States on the Visa Waiver program available for certain countries, with the intent to return within 90 days as required by law, if the situation would not work out here. Karen signs up with temp agencies. We live in Karen’s bedroom at her parents’ house (in her hometown).
November 1996: We decide to stay in (the US) and so we start the adjustment of status process with the Immigration and Naturalization Service. I receive a temporary work permit and start working for (an employer) as a cook and van driver.
February 1997: I am admitted as a conditional permanent resident. Sometime during this time, Karen begins to work for (her employer) at first a full 40 hours week, later reduced to part-time 25 hours per week, as she allegedly cannot handle full-time work.
During this time I recall one incident of her disappearing. I contact (hometown) Police to file a missing persons report, including her description as well as a description of her vehicle, a 1988 Oldsmobile. She later returns in somewhat of a confused and dazed state, explaining that all she wanted to do was go to the mall to buy a dust ruffle (but she did not return with one.) Her brother is present for most of this.
During another incident at this time, she threatens to commit vehicular suicide with her Oldsmobile and drove down (nearby suburban interstate highways) at a high rate of speed, exceeding 80 miles per hour. I try to keep up with her in my 1985 Nissan, but my vehicle is not powerful enough, and so I lose sight of her. I did not contact the police.
May 1997: I begin work for (my main employer). I am still working for them today [this statement is from December 2009].
Summer of 1997: We move into the apartment (in her hometown).
January 1998: I begin a second job at (a car rental company near my main job).
November 1998: I resign from the second job at (the car rental company) and begin to work another second job for (a school bus company) as a substitute school bus driver, and work there until June 2005.
The second jobs were worked in part because I worked swing shifts at my primary job at the time and wanted to do something constructive with my afternoons, and in part because of medical and other debt, such as her medical and mental health issues and pharmaceutical needs, as well as expenses for reproductive endocrinology. During this time, we trade my 1985 Nissan for a 1992 VW which Karen gets, and I take over the Oldsmobile.
1999: We wanted to have children early on, but due to confirmed infertility issues on my part (which make the January 1996 pregnancy implausible) we were unable to conceive on our own. Because Karen would not focus on anything besides getting pregnant, to the point of being obsessed with it, and (berating) me for the inability to produce children, the divorce and suicide threats continue. Eventually I reneged and suggested using a sperm bank to help her achieve her goal of a pregnancy. [Before that, she asked me to ask my brother to be a donor, as “that’s biblical”.] During this year, we trade the 1988 Olds for a 1995 VW.
September 2000: Our first daughter is born. We had made the decision for Karen to be a stay-at-home mom before we got married. [She grew up with both parents working and did not like it, and childcare would have eaten her part-time wages.] She had lost her hob with (her employer) a few months prior. On top of her clinical depression, she develops postpartum depression. She starts to sleep a lot and thus neglect her household and parenting duties. She spends weekends in bed until noon some days, leaving care of (daughter 1) virtually entirely up to me. This weekend pattern continues for the remainder of our marriage.
May 2001: We fly to Germany to visit my family. We sell the 1992 VW.
July 2001: We rent the home of Karen’s parents at (her hometown) from her parents, as they want to be full-time RV’ers. They gift us a 1988 Ford, which I drive. Karen gets the 1995 VW.
February 2002: Karen and (daughter 1) are involved in a motor-vehicle accident (at an intersection near hometown). Both Karen and (daughter 1) are injured, but not properly treated at (the local) Hospital. While she is not cited for the accident, the police report indicates failure to yield to oncoming traffic. Karen is convinced of her innocence in the accident and goes so far as to hire a private investigator who essentially confirms what the police report said all along. Karen also sues the opposing driver but loses, as he was not found at fault. Both Karen and I believe that (daughter 1)’s disabilities stem from this accident, but it was never proven, as neither was the closed brain injury Karen claims (daughter 1) has [she also jumped on the anti-vaxx bandwagon thinking they might be responsible as well]. Karen and I consulted with an attorney and it was decided that I, on (daughter 1)’s behalf, would sue Karen and the other driver, as she essentially was an innocent bystander to the accident. The attorney eventually dropped the case as there was not sufficient evidence to link (daughter 1)’s disability to the accident.
Karen receives physical therapy due to pain associated with the car accident, which the auto insurance company eventually discontinues, after an independent panel decides it is no longer necessary. We purchase a 1996 Chrysler to replace the 1995 VW.
September 2002: We move to an apartment complex in (her hometown) as Karen’s parents decide to sell their home. We find and purchase our home (in a nearby, cheaper, less affluent town) for $162,000.
November 2002: We move to our home in (our new hometown). (Daugher 1) is enrolled at (a special needs center) to help her with her disabilities. Shortly after we move in, Karen confronts a neighbor about their use of their own property for the storage of disabled vehicles. It comes to a verbal altercation between one neighbor and me trying to defend Karen, even though she has no right to demand they move the vehicles. She begins a neighborhood watch programs for our street with the goal of “cleaning up the neighborhood” in order to turn it into something resembling (her more affluent hometown). The neighbors show little interest.
Early 2003: Karen loses the feeling in her legs, and they give out underneath her as she is standing at the changing table. We take her to the hospital, where she is told that it’s all in her head and psychosomatic. I am close to running out of paid time off at work, and nobody in Karen’s family is willing or able to help, so I call my parents, and my mother is on the next plane to help with the household, so I can return to work. Karen speaks some (of my native language), but (daughter 1) does not, since the accident in 2002 [we had raised her bilingual from the get-go, but she lost all speech with the accident; doctors advised us to concentrate only on one language afterwards]. Karen is eventually diagnosed with fibromyalgia.
Late 2003: We refinance our home in (our new hometown) for $185,000 in order to pay off medical debts, credit cards, and the car loan for the 1996 Chrysler.
May/June 2004: We fly to (Europe) for two weeks [on my father's dime] to visit my family on the occasion of my father’s (round) birthday. Because Karen and my mother do not get along well, we agree beforehand that if the situation escalates, we would stay with a distant cousin of hers in (a nearby town). Karen provokes an incident where it comes to an escalation between her and my mother, and we move forward as agreed. For the remainder of the visit, she refuses to associate with my family.
June 2004: We resume assisted reproductive treatment with some of the sperm samples we have left. The pregnancy is classified as high-risk, due to rhesus-factor incompatibility between Karen and the sperm donor, resulting in weekly trips to (medical center at the other end of the metro area) to see a specialist in order to check on the progress of the pregnancy.
December 2004: At my company’s annual Christmas party, Karen approaches my manager to discuss my rate of pay and working hours. He politely but firmly rebukes her, saying that this is neither the time nor the place to be discussing this, and to contact him at the office during business hours. I am mortified, but he understands.
April 2005: Our second daughter is born. As my paid-time-off account is still very low, my manager arranges to set me up at home so I can work at least part-time from there. Karen once again is diagnosed with postpartum depression and receives medication and treatment. (Daughter 2) is also very sick and requires continued monitoring due to neutropenia.
June 2005: Due to the long commute from (the former hometown) for only a part-time second job, I transfer branches within (the school bus company) from (the old branch) to (another branch near our house).
August/September 2005: I receive my commission as Notary Public.
December 2005: We take out a $20,000 home equity line of credit to consolidate debt, pay off medical bills, and purchase a used 1992 Buick for $3,000 to replace the ailing 1988 Ford. We also purchase [at Karen’s request] a new Bosch washedryer set for approx. $2,500, as well as a Miele vacuum she “had to have” for $1,200, and new kitchen appliances for $3,000. We each also allocate $1,000 for “personal uses.” Karen decides to buy a Starbucks gift card for that amount.
January XX, 2006: Karen, during a phone conversation with her psychiatrist, makes a threat against her own life and is picked up by a Sheriff’s deputy, who takes her to (a local hospital). This has a tremendous effect on (our daughters) as well as myself. Eventually, the children do not want to visit their mother in the hospital any more.
January XX, 2006 [about 10 days later]: Karen is released from the psychiatric ward.
February X, 2006: I return to work at (my company).
February X, 2006 [1 day later]: Karen calls me at work, saying the kids were “driving her nuts,” that “she spanked them,” and that she “put them in their rooms.” She would lay down as she “could not deal with it anymore,” and hung up on me. One hour later she calls back, saying she “gave me enough time to get my ass home” and that this shows her “how much I really cared for the children and her.” She would be “out the door to an unspecified location” and would not “bother me ever again.”
I leave work, and dial 911 on the way home. I arrive at home just as the Sheriff pulls up. Since she did not make a threat against her or the children, they could not detain her. However, since (daughter 2) still had neutropenia, it could be potentially life-threatening for her. The Sheriff puts Karen and the children on a missing persons list.
At around 5 pm that day, I locate her at her sister’s apartment (on the other side of the metro area, about 1 h away). I call the police to let them know, and (the local) police check up in them to make sure they were all ok. I then drive (over there) to bring them home.
February/March 2006: Karen begins or continues psychotherapy and counseling. Also, due to a change in work schedule at my primary employer, as well as the need to take care of my family, I resign from (the school bus company) and start my own side business as a mobile Notary Public.
April 2006: Karen is diagnosed with sleep apnea, is given a CPAP machine, but most of the time does not use it. It is our ten year legal anniversary, and I surprise her with concert tickets to Celtic Woman in (further away major US city) as well as a getaway at (a resort town) for May.
May 2006: We celebrate our 10th anniversary. Karen is upset as “all she got” was the concert tickets and a getaway. She wanted a diamond ring [couldn’t afford it due to her medical debt].
June 2006: Karen is issued a sample of (a famous patch involved in a class-action lawsuit) for hormone control reasons.
July 4, 2006: Our children and I visit Karen’s parents for Independence Day. Karen refuses to come along. Later on we get a call from the hospital. She had overdosed on pain killers. After 36 hours in the emergency room she is transferred to the psychiatric ward. She later admits that she wanted to kill herself on a major holiday, so that I as well as our families would always remember.
She was to be released but was also diagnosed with pancreatitis and later on with a pulmonary embolism and deep-vein thrombosis, so they keep her in the hospital. [By now we both had steadily gained weight, with both of us being around 300 lbs].
July XX, 2006: My mother flies in from (Europe) to once again help with the household, as referenced in Karen’s declaration. It was not that I had to “selfishly” return back to work, but that once again, my paid-time-off account was near zero, due to having to take off so much time in order to care for my family. We had no support from Karen’s family, so this was the only available option at the time.
At this point, I am emotionally and physically drained from the events of the last six months. Despite my wife’s negative attitude towards my parents, she has no qualms about asking them for financial support when needed. Also, I have come to the conclusion, that if Karen threatens me with divorce again, she needs to follow through with it, as I cannot deal with this sword hanging over my head any more. Her threats stop for a while.
July XX, 2006: Karen is released from the hospital.
December 2006: In order to pay our mounting medical debt from Karen’s hospitalization this year, we increase our home equity line of credit by almost another $20,000. The notes on the house now total approx. $225,000. I buy her the diamond ring she complained about not receiving for our anniversary for approx. $1,500. We also remodel our home and install a 42” plasma TV and surround sound system for approx. $2,000.
February 2007: The three year prepayment penalty on our first mortgage expired in December 2006, and so, because of dwindling revenue from my notary business, we decide to refinance again in order to consolidate our first and second mortgages into one. During this time, Karen also began an in-home business selling clothes on eBay. The business never came to fruition. The 1996 Chrysler breaks down and is replaced by a 2005 Chrysler.
May 2007: Karen creates an online profile on Yahoo personals, advertising herself as a single mother living in (our hometown). She also chats and exchanges explicit pictures with a gentleman of Nigerian descent living in London, England. She wants to fly him to the United States. She also has been in touch with women who conceived their children with the same sperm donor and packs up her car one day while I am at work to move to (one of the southwestern US desert states) where a “friend” she has only known online resides. She gets as far as (the next state over) where she visits a mutual friend, and, due to the heat, decides to turn around back home.
June 2007: Karen starts working for (a famous internet giant). Despite her health problems, she “wants to live a little” and begins to drink alcohol and smoke.
November 2007: According to Karen, I am no longer fulfilling her sexual needs (I have no desire to do so at this point [we’re both upwards of 300 lbs at this point and the thought alone is “unpleasant”]). I also confide in her that the homosexual feelings I have been working to suppress for all these years [so much for ex-gay success stories] have resurfaced, but I do not want to destroy the marriage and so I’m asking for her support, and would seek counseling, thinking honesty is the best way to address this issue. Within one week, she has announced to her family and friends that I am gay.
We agree to an open marriage. We interview [at her insistence] some of her potential “candidates” together. Later, I leave the house while she engages with them, at one point two in one night, as the first one did not “measure up.”
I find a gentleman friend and admittedly have a relationship beyond a mere friendship with him. At Karen’s request, I call it off a month later and ask her to stop seeing other gentlemen as well. I also ask her to submit herself to STD tests before we resume relations, which she never did.
We go through marital counseling through our church off and on over the years, but every time we go, Karen monopolizes the counselor’s time with a litany of all the things I do wrong. I rarely get a chance to get a word in or share my version of events.
May 2008: We purchase a new travel trailer in order to spend more time together as a family. While we own it, we only take it out a few times, and those times, Karen sleeps away in the trailer, while I spend time with the children.
December 2008: Karen has been on medical leave for several weeks and receives notice that she has been terminated from (the famous internet giant) as part of a downsizing effort. Until then, she has received several warnings about her absenteeism; however, she was not terminated because of this. As part of her severance, she remains on the payroll until February 2009, and, if she has not found new work by then, she would receive an additional two months of pay as well as two months of COBRA coverage, until April 2009.
January 2009: The 2005 Chrysler is beginning to show problems, and Karen is dead set on buying a (almost new) Chrysler SUV despite her soon being unemployed. We are financed but need a down payment of $2,400, which we borrow from my father, with the promise that Karen would pay it back once her severance payment comes in. During this time, Karen purchases a Maltese-Yorkshire terrier mix sight unseen from a pet shop (2500 miles away). Rather than shipping it, I offer to drive (there) and pick it up, as the cost would be the same, and I would be able to do one of my favorite activities (which she despises): road trips. In the end, she asks to come along, and I agree.
February 2009: Karen receives her final paycheck and files for unemployment.
March 2009: Karen receives her severance pay, approximately $3,300 after taxes. She pays a $400 medical bill and spends the remainder within ten days, on frivolous things, without paying back the loan we received from my father. She also briefly finds work with a company, but is laid off again within a week, thus having to restart her claim.
April 2009: We file our 2008 tax return, and due to the fact that we both for the first time in our marriage worked full time, find that we withheld too few taxes and owe $1,500 to the US Treasury and $2,700 to the state.
During this time, Karen insists I see a psychiatrist as I allegedly display symptoms of manic depression, for which there is a history in my family. I have dealt with bouts of depression and anger since the January 2006 incidents, but have never raised a hand against Karen, which is not the case the other way around [it’s not just men who commit domestic violence]. I also got angry at times, especially when she recklessly spends money on unnecessary items. I see (a doctor) at his (local) office. He does not believe I have manic depression, but rather post-traumatic stress disorder caused in part by my upbringing, but also due to my marriage to Karen.
May 2009: For our 13th anniversary, we take our travel trailer to (a romantic place under the stars).
June X, 2009: Karen announces that she “had enough,” as I am not changing the way she would want me to, and has decided to move out. She is looking at apartments in the (internet and tech) area, as she hopes to find work with the high-tech industry there. At this point, I am at my wits end, as far as saving our marriage goes and simply give in, offering to pay her rent as a means of voluntary child support, but make it clear to her that I would not be able to afford the house as well as an apartment on our current budget, and that we would have to let the house go. She agrees to this, as she “never liked (less affluent town than her hometown)” anyway. She starts looking in the $600-650 range, then goes higher and higher, as “for only this amount more, she can get that much more.” I finally tell her that I will pay $800 a month, and she would have to cover the rest herself.
June X, 2009 [1 day later]: On this Friday, Karen has made plans to visit a male friend in (new place where she wants to live). I am kept back at work beyond my usual time, and receive a call from Karen. She yells that I need to get home so she could go out, otherwise she would drop of the girls at work. I tell her I have no choice in this, due to mandatory overtime. I told her I would let her know as soon as I am close to getting done, and to drop the kids off at my workplace on her way to (the new place). Around 4 pm, I send her a message to tell her “to be on her way,” as it would take her about 20 minutes to get to my workplace. By 4:30 pm she has not shown up, and so I call her, asking where she is. (She is already halfway to the place where she would meet this guy.) I asked if the children were with her, and she replies no. I get upset, and she asks me what she should do. I tell her to turn around. I advise my manager of the situation and leave immediately. We make it to our home about the same time, at approximately 5 pm, finding the children watching TV. She had left our children completely unattended for an hour.
Mid June 2009: Since I would be without a social network before long, I decide I need to find new friends. I have been losing weight since April 2009, starting at 325 lbs, and by mid-June have reached 295 lbs. I have been receiving advice from my brother in (Europe) who has a degree (in sports sciences). He recommends I seek local help or a workout buddy. I find (personal trainer) on craigslist, looking for a workout buddy and advertising his personal training services in the platonic male for male section. I set up an appointment and we begin a workout regimen several times a week. Karen is incorrect in citing my personal trainer as the reason for her moving out, as I did not even meet (personal trainer) until after she had already made the decision to move out.
By June XX, 2009 [mid-month]: Karen finds an apartment in (new place). We have to come up with more than $2,000 for her to move in. I cannot pay June’s mortgage payment. I also pay for the moving truck.
June XX, 2009 [end of month]: Karen moves out of the family home to (her new place). As I cannot afford (PT) as a personal trainer, I offer him a room in the family home in lieu of payment for his services. He helps me move Karen as well, as none of her friends would help her. The only other people that show up at her apartment to unload the moving truck are some people from Karen’s church. I move (the personal trainer) into my home the same day, as I had already rented the moving van. My plans are to purchase a motor home or travel trailer to live in once the house is foreclosed in the bankruptcy-
Early July, 2009: Karen calls to ask when we could start dating again. I am flabbergasted at the notion.
July 4, 2009: I spend the afternoon with Karen and the children at her apartment complex. In the evening, I celebrate at home with (personal trainer) and my neighbors, who indicate that they have seen what occurred over the years, and some of them are relieved that Karen has moved out [“I can finally get rid of my junk cars”]. As she took nearly everything out of the house, they offer furniture to me, but I decline, as (personal trainer) had a few items of his own.
July XX, 2009 [mid-month]: I make arrangements to meet with a friend after work, to help him clean his apartment for his annual inspection. Because I knew I would be late, and (personal trainer) had no means of communicating, I leave my cell phone with him, and he takes me to work in my car. I am picked up by my other friend after work. I return home around 10:30 pm and find (personal trainer) is distraught. It appears that Karen has been calling the cell phone, but because it is not his, he did not answer it. She panicked, drove to our home from (her new place). (Personal trainer) was sitting in the family room watching TV, when she barged in demanding to know where I was and why (personal trainer) was not answering the phone. She said he was obligated to, which he declined. She grabbed my phone and searched through the text messages, finding some that are an explicit exchange between (personal trainer) and one of his friends. She then proceeds to my computer to try and hack into my email accounts [she has in-dept knowledge of this from her time at the well-known internet giant]. She had dropped the girls off at our next door neighbor’s house and goes there with my cell phone. She calls the police, and asks the Sheriff to evict him from the premises. The Sheriff arrives and declines, as (personal trainer) has the keys to the house, to my vehicle, and a note that he lives there legitimately. (Personal trainer) mentions that Karen has my cell phone and so the Sheriff goes next door to retrieve it. I was told that she left the premises at about 10 pm. It turns out, she had no money for a medication, and was looking to borrow $25, which our neighbor gave her. However, she dropped it in our driveway. (Personal trainer) did notice this, called her, and met her (at a nearby gas station) to give it to her.
July XX, 2009 [1 day later]: I write Karen an email, saying that her behavior the night before went too far, and that we need to make the split permanent, i.e. divorce.
July XX, 2009 [late month]: We file for bankruptcy protection under chapter 7 of the US bankruptcy code. We are listing the house and the travel trailer as being surrendered, but to keep the 2008 Chrysler SUV and to reaffirm the loan. In the end, the loan for the Chrysler is not reaffirmed and the vehicle repossessed, as neither one of us can afford the $365 per month payments.
August 2009: (Personal trainer) and I believe it to be a good idea to rent out the remaining rooms. I leave the wording of the ad up to him. Only after the fact do I find out the stipulation of the rentals, and have him take down the ad. This is also in part as Karen does not want any more roommates in the house.
In early August, Karen blackmails me into revealing my (sexuality) to my father. “If you’re not going to tell him, I will. He has to know.” [I believe she hopes that he will ostracize me due to their strict religious beliefs.] I speak to my father on August 11. He responds gracefully and understanding. In the meantime, Karen tells me that I am not welcome around her family members any more, and at least one has made a statement that could be perceived as a threat to my life [her uber-Christian, well-armed ex-army father]. “He should be taken out back and shot, to put him out of his misery.”
After I tell her how my father reacted, she acts pleased, but then continues that I also needed to tell my siblings, repeating her attempt at blackmailing me.
September 2009: Karen is hospitalized several times, once for another pulmonary embolism, the other time for mental health issues. Her oncologist advises her that she is “a ticking time bomb” and should not live alone with the children, as she could potentially keel over and die in a very short period of time. Her mental health related stay at (a local hospital) comes after she leaves a taxicab at a red light on her way to the hospital for a routine test on September 16, but in her mind, (the county social services) want to have her committed. She disappears for a few hours, during which I am making arrangements to pick up (daughter 1) from school. (Daughter 2) had stayed at Karen’s sister’s since the weekend. Karen is eventually found and this time taken to the psychiatric ward.
October 2009: Karen hires an attorney to help her prepare the paperwork to file for dissolution of marriage. I meet with them at a (fast food restaurant in a nearby big city) under the condition that all we discuss are the pertinent points of the dissolution. It turns into a barrage of attacks against me, mostly from the attorney, and I leave disillusioned.
During this time, she is hired by (another company), but falls ill shortly after. She is employed there for one month, and of that time works two weeks. She is let go in mid-November.
I finally reveal my (sexuality) to my siblings. Every single one of them reacts supportive and not judgmental, despite our very religious upbringing.
November 2009: Karen and I meet at my home to attempt to finalize our dissolution of marriage papers. We come to a consensus over two weekdays, and I am ready to file. The following day, she emails me, saying she had made some changes, which are nowhere near what we had agreed to previously.
A week later, she requests another meeting to “finalize” the paperwork again. She threatens that she would file by herself if I did not respond. I hold off on my response and file for dissolution of marriage as the petitioner on November 30, with the basic parenting plan as agreed and the child support worksheet based on actual income for myself, and imputed income for Karen, as at this point I do not know what her income is.
[The remaining statement is a listing of the supporting evidence for these allegations in my possession at the time (and still now). The judge never read it, saying it was too long, she also never looked at her medical records. At the last hearing, my visitation was reduced to a supervised minimum as I was made out to be a drug user and child molester (without evidence). I was supposed to undergo random weekly drug testing. My ex was awarded 80% of my net income, leaving me less than what a hovel of an apartment costs. Outside the court, Karen told me “I have no sympathy for you.” In shock, I went back to my home country, to my parents, and kept to myself for several months. I had always believed that if you did good, acted kindly and givingly, good things would come to you and that Lady Justice is impartial. That pretty notion went out the window. Anyway, I left my father as the point of contact. After a while, I made contact again, asking the court how the divorce was proceeding, if they needed any paperwork. I got either no response or “no paperwork needed”. When the final judgment came down, she was awarded all our goods, custody of the children, support based on 150% of my actual income at the time, and all valid, because “I had not participated”. The PTSD continues to this day, but I am tired of being afraid almost to the point of paranoia, hence this publication. In the last 10 years Karen has finished a higher education program but still cannot get a job, I’ve tried to get the child support people to adjust the judgment to the current conditions, all to no avail (in and of itself worth another post about math illiteracy at the state level), just to preserve the status quo. Just say no to Karen and just say no to religion. Both f*ck people up to no extend.
P.S.: Karen, if somehow you came across this post, you will notice that I have left out all identifying information. Please think carefully about how you react to this. I suggest just letting it stand. If my personal identifying information should be divulged (which is against the rules of this platform), or if I start being harassed by you or other people not known to me privately, I will happily provide all the requested information (unlike last time) should you be investigated for welfare fraud again. You have been warned. I am no longer afraid of you.
For all others that may recognize this case (it should only be close family and friends): Please do not disclose the identity of Karen (again, against the rules and a d*ck move). Do not harass her, either. Just let this stand here for what it is. I think life has punished her enough.]
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2020.05.28 22:24 mr_tyler_durden Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update May 28, 2020

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update May 28, 2020
Notes by mr_tyler_durden and Daily Update Team
Note: We may need to paraphrase, but the notes are accurate
Watch here:
Headlines
Full Notes
QUESTIONS
(continued in stickied comment)
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2020.04.25 16:15 invalidusermyass Mega-List: Israel's Crimes and Controversies

Updated on 15 Oct 2020, Arranged in Chronological Order
All articles cited are from reliable and trustworthy sources (some may be NSFL):
Use this website to read any paywalled site you might encounter in this list.
Major Incidents:
ONE. Assasination of Jacob Israël de Haan (1924), a Dutch-Jewish diplomat, for attempting to make a peace deal with the Emir of Mecca - his plan was a Palestinian state in a Jordanian federation, the Zionists would drop the Balfour declaration and any claim to a state in exchange for unrestricted immigration. He was assassinated when leaving a synagogue by Avraham Tehomi (who admitted to it much later), on the orders of Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, who later became the 2nd President of Israel:
Wiki, Haaretz, 972mag
TWO. King David Hotel Bombing (1946) where right-wing Zionist terrorists attacked a British HQ located within the hotel killing 91 and injuring 46. The leader of the perpetrators, Manachem Begin became the Prime Minister of Israel in 1977:
Wiki, Haaretz
THREE. Deir Yassin Massacre (1948) where 110 villagers were slaughtered, some members of the perpetrators were at a later time, absorbed into the IDF, one even became PM of Israel:
Wiki, Haaretz, Britannica
FOUR. Document from IDF archives (1948) which after translation states:
"In the villages lying between Nahraiya and Tarshiha there are no foreign troops for the time being.The villages are armed and ready for action1. Your orders are to occupy, kill the men2, destroy and burn down the villages of Kabri, Umm al-Faraj and al-Nahr."
[1] Ilan Pappe notes that the villagers had no proper arms, only for hunting purposes and people who served in the police; without Arab troops that were absent they stood no chance [2] In April 1948, the Intelligence of the Hagana defined men as anyone above the age of 10
Sources:
-Photo taken from IDF Archives 1676\51\12
-Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949, ISBN 0-521-33028-9. P. 133
-Hagana archives, 100\35, dated May 19, 1948
FIVE. Palestinian Exodus "Nakba" (1948) was an expulsion of 700,000 Palestinian Arabs from their Homeland during the war and establishment of Israel in May 1948, these includes testimonies of massacres, rape and looting. During and immediately following the state’s creation, Israel expropriated approximately 4,244,776 acres of Palestinian land.
Haaretz, Haaretz, Atlantic, Vox, TheWallsOfJerusalem
SIX. Assassination of Folke Bernadotte, (1948) UN Mediator for Palestinian Refugees by Israel's Zionist Paramilitary Group, Lehi. The killing was approved by the three-man 'center' of Lehi, one of which, after the assassination, became 7th Prime Minister of Israel (Yitzhak Shamir). No one was convicted for the assassination:
Wiki, Independent, Haaretz, WRMEA
SEVEN. Qibya Massacre (1953) where IDF troops under Ariel Sharon killed at least 69 Palestinian villagers, two-thirds of them were women and children. 45 homes, a school and a mosque were destroyed. The attack began with a mortar barrage on the village. IDF deployed explosive charges to breach the barbed fence and mined roads to prevent Jordanian forces from intervening. At the same time at least 25 mortar shells were fired into Budrus (neighbouring village) before IDF troops simultaneously entered the village from 3 sides. Ariel Sharon later wrote: "The orders were clear, Qibya was to be an example for everyone." Original documents showed that Sharon personally ordered his troops to achieve "maximal killing and damage to property", and post-operational reports speak of breaking into houses and clearing them with grenades and shooting.
Wiki, 972mag, Cambridge, Haaretz, AJ, CounterPunch
EIGHT. Lavon Affair (1954) a failed false flag operation where Egyptian Jews were recruited by Israeli Military Intelligence to plant bombs inside Egyptian, American, and British-owned civilian targets, their foiled plan was to blame the attacks on the Muslim Brotherhood:
Haaretz, TimesofIsrael, Wiki
NINE. Kafr Qasim Massacre (1956) where Israeli Border Police killed 49 Arabs (19 men, 6 women, 23 children, 1 unborn child) returning home from work during a curfew they were unaware of. Those involved in the massacre were found guilty but were pardoned and released from prison in a single year. The highest ranking official prosecuted for the massacre confessed before his death, that the massacre were planned to ethnically cleanse Israeli Arabs from the region, and that his trial was staged to protect Israeli political and military elites, including Prime Minister Ben Gurion, from taking responsibility for the massacre:
Wiki, Haaretz, 972mag, Medium
TEN. Apollo Affair (1965) an incident where 200-600 pounds of highly enriched uranium disappeared from a Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Highly suspected to have gone to Israel's Nuclear Program particularly given the visit of Rafi Eitan who was under the guise of a chemist but later revealed as an Israeli spy and who was later involved in the Jonathan Pollard incident:
Wiki, LATimes, Mondoweiss,
Archive of the findings of Roger Mattson, a Physicist who investigated the Incident for the Nuclear Regulatory Commision,
YouTube, 1968 FBI Report, FBI's Declassified Memo PDF
ELEVEN. USS Liberty (1967) where Israel deliberately attacked an American Cargo Vessel killing 34 without any repurcussions:
YouTube, Haaretz, Wiki
TWELVE. Sabra & Shatila massacre (1982), perpetrated by a Lebanese Christian militia (Phalangists), which was under the political and military control of Israel. For 3 days, they engaged in rape, murder and mutilation w the knowledge of IDF troops surrounding the refugee camps. Israeli forces fired flares into the night sky to illuminate the darkness for the Phalangists, allowed reinforcements to enter the area on the 2nd day of the massacre, and provided bulldozers that were used to dispose of the bodies of many victims. Estimated death count: 2000 - 3500. Ariel Sharon was held responsible for the Massacre, but he was still voted as PM of Israel in 2001:
SciencesPo, TRTworld, AJ, IMEU
THIRTEEN. Operation Trojan (1986) according to ex-Mossad agent in his book, Mossad instigated the US bombing of Libya by planting a transmission device and impersonating as the Libyan Govt sending terrorist orders to its embassies around the world. (Story in Page 113-117) (Downloadable PDF File):
Other Side of Deception PDF
FOURTEEN. Cave of Patriarchs Massacre (1994) Israeli Settler Baruch Goldstein opened fire in Ibrahimi Mosque, killing 29 worshippers and wounding more than 125:
Wiki, JPost
FIFTEEN. Qana Massacre (1996) IDF fired artillery shells at a UN Compound where 800 Lebanese civillians were taking refuge. 106 civillians were killed, 116 injured, 4 Fiji UN forces were also seriously injured:
Wiki, AlAraby, Independent, DailyMotion
SIXTEEN. 2nd Qana Massacre (2006) air-strike carried out by IDF on a building Lebanon during the war. 28 civillians were killed out of which 16 were children. Upon investigation, IDF concluded that there was in fact no rocket launched from Qana on the day of the deadly strike by IDF:
Wiki, BBC, Norman Finkelstein
SEVENTEEN. Israeli Mossad posed as CIA agents to recruit terrorists to carry out False Flag Operations against Iran (2007-2008)
Haaretz, ForeignPolicy
EIGHTEEN. Four Iranian nuclear scientists were assassinated and another was seriously wounded in an attempted murder between (2010-2012). US officials confirm that Terror Group, MEK was financed, trained, and armed by Israel in killing the nuclear scientists:
NBC, Guardian, Guardian
Sidenote
What is Zionism?
YouTube
Palestine before Zionism (Pre-1948):
Youtube (1896)
Youtube (1900s)
Youtube (1930s)
Youtube (1946 - Arrival of Illegal Zionist Immigrants)
Divide & Conquer: An interactive map explaining the Israel divide and control of Palestinian Land (2019):
Interactive Map
JIDF: Israeli Government is paying and giving away scholarships to students who fight internet battles and spread propaganda (2013):
BBC, USAToday, Huffington Post
Israel's JIDF Hasbara App (2017):
YouTube
App on GooglePlay where people defend Israel on Social Platforms to gain points (2019):
GooglePlay
Intl Law:
Apartheid Against Palestinians:
Protected Wiki
International Law (Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, UN Resolution 37/43) dictates that Palestinians have a legal right to an armed struggle to resist occupation:
Add. Protocol I, Geneva Conventions (PDF), UN Resolution 37/43 (PDF)
Israel's building of settlements in occupied territories such as the West Bank and East Jerusalem are illegal under international law, violating Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 as well as the Statute of Rome, Art. 8 (2)(b)(viii) which states: "The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.":
Wiki, UN, International Law on Occupation, Al Jazeera, Amnesty, Amnesty, B'Tselem, YouTube
Israel's destruction of homes in occupied territories such as the West Bank and East Jerusalem are illegal under international law, violating Article 53 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 which states: "Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private persons ... is prohibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations.":
Fourth Geneva Convention (PDF)
Others:
Israeli former nuclear technician turned whistleblower was lured to Italy where Mossad drugged and abducted him back to Israel for the trial that was held secretly behind closed doors. He spent 18 years in prison, including more than 11 in solitary confinement. Says he suffered "cruel and barbaric treatment" at the hands of Israeli authorities while imprisoned because he was Christian. After his release in 2004, he was subjected to a broad array of very strict restrictions on his speech and movement (1986):
Wiki, Youtube, NYT, Guardian, CNN, Wired, Telegraph
2nd Intifada, 12 yr old boy shot dead, father severely injured (2000):
CNN, Twitter
Breaking the silence - targeting civilians with grenades and machine guns during the 2nd Intifada (2000):
YouTube
5 Israelis working for an Israeli Company "Urban Moving Systems" were arrested on 9/11 after being seen photographing and celebrating the attack on the WTC. Owner of the company fled to Israel after the incident. FBI still lists him as a 9/11 suspect but Israel refuses to extradiate him (2001):
9/11 War by Deception, YouTube, Forward, NYT, Haaretz
Netanyahu caught on tape: "America is something that you can easily maneuver and move in the right direction" (2001):
YouTube
Netanyahu lying during his speech at the US House of Representatives on Saddam Hussiens WMDs which doesn't exist (2002):
YouTube
Advocating racial purity in Israel, Chinese workers in Israel sign no-sex contract (2003)
Guardian
Tom Hurndall, a British Peace Activist, was shot in the head by an IDF sniper while he was helping Palestinian children flee from cross-fire in Rafah, Gaza strip. His killer was released from prison 2 years early of his 8-year sentence (2003):
Wiki, BBC, Guardian, Evening Standard
Rachel Corrie, American Activist who was run over by an Israeli bulldozer destroying Palestinian homes in Gaza (2003):
Imgur, BBC
New Zealand imposed diplomatic sanctions on Israel over an incident where 2 Australia-based Israelis, who were allegedly working for Mossad, attempted to fraudulently obtain NZ Passports by claiming the identity of a disabled man. 2 others, Ze'ev Barkan and David Reznick, are believed to have been the 3rd and 4th men involved in the scandal but they managed to leave NZ before being apprehended. NZ PM viewed the incident as "not only utterly unacceptable but also a breach of NZ's sovereignty and international law". The following year, Israeli foreign minister apologized for the incident. (2004)
Wiki, NZHerald
Breaking the Silence, testimonies from IDF Whistleblowers (2004):
BreakingTheSilence
Not guilty, IDF Captain who empties his magazine on a 13yr old girl, says he would have done the same if she was 3 yrs old (2005):
Guardian
Phosphorus and cluster bombs which is illegal under international law heavily used by Israel during the Lebanon war (2006)
Haaretz
Israel celebrates Irgun Hotel Bombing (2006):
Telegraph
Former Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben Ami: “If I were a Palestinian, I Would Have Rejected Camp David” implying that the Camp David Summit Offer by Ehud Barak in 2000 was unreasonable and designed to be rejected (2006):
DemocracyNow
Jewish National Fund (a charity) owns 13% of the land in Israel and stipulates that only Jews can buy, mortgage or lease their land. (2007):
Economist, Wiki
Operation 'Cast Lead', estimated 1391 Palestinians killed, 759 to be civillians, 344 children, 110 women 13 Israeli killed, out of which 10 are soldiers (2008-2009):
BBC, Haaretz, Haaretz, Amnesty
Israel admits using White Phosphorus during their military offensive on Gaza (2009):
France24
Palestinian who claimed to be a Jew after a consensual sexual encounter with an Israeli woman jailed for 'Rape By Deception' (2010)
[ABCnews](https://abcnews.go.com/International/palestinian-claimed-jew-jailed-rape-deceptio
Israeli Organization, Kav La Oved: "Israel owes billions of shekels to Palestinian workers" (2010) (Downloadable PDF File):
KavLaOved PDF
Using Palestinian captives as human shields (2010):
Imgur, Guardian, Haaretz, Haaretz
Gaza Flotilla, Israeli Commandos raid 6 civillians ships carrying humanitarian aid and construction materials, 9 activists were killed, 10 Israeli commandos wounded (2010):
Guardian, CNN
Hashomer, Haganah, Irgun and Lehi which operated against the British Government and Arabs in Palestine used to hide weapons in synagogues, women's rooms and kindergartens. Something Israel criticises Hamas of doing today. (2011):
Haaretz
IDF soldier caught kicking a Palestinian child (2012):
RT
Hierarchy of the Human species according to Eli Ben-Dahan, Israel's former deputy minister of defense: Goyims (Non-Jews) placed below Homosexual Jews (2013):
Haaretz
Israeli Trade Minister: "I've killed alot of Arabs in my life, there's no problem with that" (2013)
JPost
IDF soldier posting an Instagram pic of a Palestinian clild in his rifle crosshairs (2013):
Guardian
Ethiopian Jews injected with contraceptive birth control without their consent (2013):
Haaretz, Independent, Guardian
In 2013, Israel awarded 'Genie Energy', an American Oil and Gas company, rights to drill in Golan Heights (Syrian territory occupied by Israel) despite international opposition. In 2015, Israel claimed a massive discovery of oil in the area, which Israeli officials reportedly believe could supply the country’s oil needs for many years to come. (2013):
Here are the prominent figures in Genie Energy's Board of Advisors:
Jacob Rothschild (British banker of the prominent Rothschild family), Dick Cheney (Ex-Vice president of USA), Rupert Murdoch (Billionaire American Media Mogul), James Woolsey (Ex-CIA Director), Lawrence Summers (Ex-Head of US Treasury), Bill Richardson (Ex-Energy Secretary of USA), Michael Steinhardt (Wall Street Trader, Investor and Hedge Fund Manager)
BusinessInsider, TRTworld, Yahoo Finance
4 boys playing soccer in an open beach bombed by an Israeli warship, a later report in 2018 then revealed that it was two missiles fired from an Israeli armed drone that actually killed the boys (2014):
NYT, Intercept, Haaretz, Independent
Israeli police officers beats up a 15yr old American boy a week after the boy's cousin was killed, no jail time was given to the officers (2014):
BBC, TimesofIsrael
Palestinian boy beaten and burned alive by Israeli settlers (2014):
Guardian, Wiki
Israelis cheering on the Gaza bombing (2014):
Guardian
Statistics of Palestinian children killed in Operation 'Protective Edge' (2014):
Telegraph
Avraham Shalom (Former Head of Shin Bet) compares Israel's Occupation to Nazi Germany's actions in WW2 towards the Czechs, Poles and Dutch (2014):
YouTube
Killing Gaza: Documentary on war crimes committed by the Israeli Military, with direct testimonies and evidence from survivors (2014):
KillingGaza
IDF beating up a Palestinian man who told them to stop firing tear gas (2015):
YouTube
Eli Ben-Dahan, Israel's former deputy defense minister: "Homosexual Jews are superior to Gentiles (Non-Jews), a jew always has a higher soul than a gentile, even if he is a homosexual" He also says "To me, they (Palestinians) are like animals, they aren't human" (2015):
TimesofIsrael
Israeli Foreign Minister says disloyal Arabs should be beheaded with an axe (2015):
WashingtonPost
Israeli Radicals celebrate by stabbing picture of Palestinian baby that was killed in a firebomb attack (2015):
Haaretz
Beitar Jerusalem, the most racist football fanbase in the world (2015):
YouTube
IDF Soldier assaults and beats up Palestinian Shopkeeper as he was loading boxes (2015):
YouTube
Former IDF Soldier Ido Gal Razon testifies to murdering people in Gaza (2015):
YouTube
Israeli racist police officer assaults their own african soldier (2015):
YouTube
Shir Hever, Israeli Economist: "78% of Palestinian aid money ends up going to Israel" (2015) (Downloadable PDF File):
ShirHever PDF
Brooke Goldstein (Director of the Lawfare Project who has assisted in many lawsuits towards Palestinian activist groups) declared to enthusiastic applause at a meeting of key Israel lobby operatives in New York: “Why are we using the word Palestinian? There’s no such thing as a Palestinian person” (2016)
Video
Many Palestinians including children are detained in Israeli prisons without trial or charges (2016):
Time, Haaretz, 972mag, B'Tselem
Jewish Community Watch: "Israel becoming a safe haven for paedophiles worldwide" (2016):
Independent
IDF Soldier throws disabled man out of his wheelchair after he attempts to help a 14yr old who was shot (2016):
Independent
IDF throws stun grenade at unarmed Palestinians talking outside their home (2016)
YouTube
IDF soldier laughs as Palestinian man is crushed at the gate (2016):
YouTube
IDF killing a 15yr old Palestinian travelling home from a family outing (2016):
Guardian
Report: Israel's repetitive destruction of EU-funded projects in Palestine (2016):
EuroMed
Former Director of Mossad defends Israel providing aid to Al-Nusra Front (Al-Qaeda's Affiliate) in Syria (2016)
Youtube, WSJ, Haaretz
Israeli Former Defence Minister says ISIS fighters apologizes to Israel after mistakenly launching an attack on IDF. Refused to comment on how they expressed their apology. Have since forgiven ISIS (2017)
Independent, DailySabah
Reports of Torture during custody from Palestinians held imprisoned without charges or trial (2017):
Haaretz
IDF Veteran: "I was the terrorist" (2017):
YouTube
Israel seizes solar panels donated to Palestinians by the Dutch govt (2017):
Independent
Israelis speak candidly about Palestinians to Abby Martin, includes lots of racism (2017):
YouTube
Gaza: World's Largest Open-Air Prison (2018):
NRC
Sentence to 9 Months after killing 2 unarmed Palestinian teens (2018):
972mag, WashingtonPost
Unarmed protestor holding flag shot by live bullets (2018):
YouTube
Unarmed protester shot in the head during the protest (2018):
Gyfcat
IDF assaulting medics and injured protesters (2018):
Gyfcat
Abdullah Shamali, was shot while standing and talking with his friends 700 metres away from the fence (2018):
Twitter
Muhammad Ayoub, 15yr old was shot in the head while running away from the fence (2018):
YouTube
Mentally disabled man shot in the back of his head as he was walking away (2018):
Haaretz
Elderly man waving a flag and a medic got shot at by a live round (2018):
Gyfcat
Shot dead for waving flag (2018):
EgyptToday
Medic shot dead by an IDF sniper (2018):
WashingtonPost
IDF edits video of Palestinian Medic who was shot dead by them to misleadingly show that she was a human shield for Hamas and justify her death (2018):
Independent, BuzzFeed
Canadian Doctor shot by IDF sniper (2018):
CBC
Israeli Border police throws stun grenade at a Palestian couple and their infant baby as they were fleeing (2018):
YnetNews
IDF Snipers cheering as they shoot an unarmed Palestinian (2018):
Guardian
Similar incident, cheering after shooting a Palestinian (2018):
Guardian
"Nation State" Law gives Jews exclusive rights over Arabs living in Israel (2018):
Guardian
List of active discriminatory laws in Israel:
Adalah
Did you know that 97% of drinking water in Gaza (under Israeli control) is contaminated? (2018):
Haaretz
IDF Soldiers shooting tear gas into a Palestinian school (2018):
Haaretz
Israeli settlers beating up Palestinian farmer in front of his children (2018):
Haaretz
Former Chairman of Israel Labour Party says relationships between Jews and Non-Jews are "an actual plague" (2018):
Twitter
4 year old child dies 4 days after being shot by the IDF while protesting (2018):
Reuters, PressTV
An alternative view, Palestinian Christians on Israel (2018):
Youtube
Chief Rabbi calls black people "monkeys" in his weekly sermon (2018):
TimesofIsrael
Israel's Supreme Court rejects legal challenge on the military's rule where soldiers can fire on UNARMED protesters (2018):
APNews
Mohammed Tamimi, 16, who was shot in the head by Israeli forces held in prison for 2 days without explanation (2018):
Haaretz, Haaretz
Most demonstrators shot by the IDF with live rounds are unarmed and not in immediate vicinity of the perimeter fence (2018):
B'Tselem
PART 2, 3, 4 & 5 CONTINUED IN COMMENT SECTION BELOW
submitted by invalidusermyass to list_palestine [link] [comments]


2020.04.07 19:30 BlancheFromage Meditation II: Victim-Blaming

Throughout our species' history on this planet, we've been soft, weak, slow, and defenseless save for our giant brains. Our brains have made all the difference, making us the apex predator of all apex predators (how many other apex predators keep and raise their own food animals??), but have been limited due to limited knowledge and understanding of the world.
Reality has proven very difficult for us to wrap our minds around, and it's so filled with terror that we've made up all sorts of "fixes" to try and assuage our fear, make ourselves feel bettemore secure. We've made up various sorts of "gods" who control everything we can't understand, and we've made up all sorts of rituals and rites to appease these gods' obvious wrath, and so we dance and sing and chant and think really really hard at the ceiling and sacrifice - and sometimes it works! Until it doesn't.
One of my personal fascinations is the cholera pandemics of the 19th Century, a disease so devastating that it destroyed in numbers/proportion comparable to the Black Death. Cholera, a diarrhea disease, was spread through water contaminated with fecal matter, and it was virulently contagious. Back then, there was no indoor plumbing; people shat in a bucket and then either just dumped the bucket outside or had someone carry it to the nearest cesspit - a big hole in the ground where everybody dumped their waste. Because people didn't understand diddly squat about sanitation, these cesspits might be anywhere - right next to a well, or near a stream where people took drinking water from. In London, people dumped their crap into the Thames River, and downstream, tons of people got sick. All this suffering eventually led to public sanitation programs and resulted in our modern sewage treatment systems, thanks to science.
No thanks to religion.
Back then, both in England and in the USA, religious leaders were calling for national days of "prayer, fasting, and humiliation", to show their gods that we were all really, really sorry (for what? Didn't matter) and would they please lift the curse? Pretty please??
The nature of the cholera plague was cyclical - the dread disease struck every couple decades. It would flare up, kill a bunch of people, then die away, only to reappear a few years later, well within memory of the people who had survived it the last round. The first time the Christian preachers demanded a national day of prayer, fasting, and humiliation in England, they got it! The second time the cholera swung around, though, they asked for it again and the government said NAH. Science saved us, not religion. Religion made everything more difficult and take longer, because it had people pointed in the entirely wrong direction. It wasn't "gods" causing the illness; it was improperly-disposed-of human waste!
Now, over 150 years later, we see religious leaders again calling for national days of prayer, fasting, and humiliation or the equivalent and politicians GIVING it to them, INDULGING their delusions - they've learned NOTHING in the intervening century and a half, despite all the progress we've made in understanding how our world works!
We are more than creatures of habit; we are slaves to our programming, and some of this programming is apparently original to this model.
So what does any of this have to do with victim-blaming, you ask? The idea that misfortune befalls people because they deserve it is a particularly deep-rooted pernicious belief that has persisted despite every fad society has seen: fat's where it's at, thin is in, life of leisure vs. marathoning, smoking's good for you, no it's not, a wee snort of whiskey is good for fussy babies, NO IT'S NOT, barefoot running, getting pumped, the "98-lb weakling" (oops - it was "97-lbs), Pilates, Crossfit, yoga, steam or sauna for weight loss (NO, Gwyneth!), weight-loss tapeworms, these things, uh...wat...
Whatever society has defined as your problem, there's someone out there waiting to sell you something to fix it! And you should DO that!!
We're endlessly creative as a species at coming up with new ideas for how to solve our problems, no matter what they may be. And when they don't work, time after time after time, we just keep right on DOING them! It doesn't seem to occur to us that our methodology for how to approach problems is deeply, fundamentally flawed.
Which brings us to victim-blaming.
There is a widespread bias toward the beautiful - people deemed "attractive" are considered more kind, competent, intelligent, interesting, and valuable than people deemed "unattractive". People are more likely to feel sympathetic toward someone attractive, while they're more likely to NOT feel sympathetic toward someone unattractive.
For example, that "Hot Mug Shot Guy" vs. that Mighty Ducks child actor guy. Nobody was sending that Mighty Ducks guy hundreds of dollars a day just because he was good-looking! Hot Mugshot Guy certainly didn't do anything good to EARN this kind of positive reaction or adulation; he was a convicted felon gang member who got sent to prison!
Even convicted serial killer Ted Bundy received thousands of marriage proposals from women - and married one and fathered a daughter (!) - before he was executed. All because he looked like this instead of like this. (I guess some people aren't as put off by those "Ima KILL you" eyes as I am...)
We're hard-wired to react positively to others who are "fit" in biological terms - attractive so as to gain societal advantage, or wealthy for security and power (that other kind of societal advantage). It's in our DNA - yet we behave as if it's some sort of personal FAILING if someone isn't attractive enough or wealthy enough to gain those benefits. So naturally, snake-oil salesmen abound to fix this "problem".
Those with privilege don't tend to recognize it. They buy into the narrative that they enjoy the advantages they do because they've earned them and thus deserve them on their own merits. It's a matter of their virtue, industry, and all-around goodness that they are in the position they are relative to others. The thusly advantaged don't even realize they're operating in a system that unfairly provides them with advantages others don't get - at others' expense.
I've mentioned before this exercise we did in a class in Jr. High once - everyone was issued an envelope containing 4 squares of colored construction paper. Each color had a different value:
Also, certain multiples were valued higher:
So 3 reds + 1 blue = (3x2) + 10 = 16 and 2 reds plus 2 greens = 2 + 10 = 12.
The goal was to interact with our classmates to maximize the value of our envelope. No speaking was permitted UNLESS the two were shaking hands; the handshake must be continued UNTIL a trade of one or more squares was completed. You couldn't know what someone else had UNTIL you were committed to a trade, you see. If you did not wish to trade, or to trade further, you crossed your arms.
The exercise began. I immediately noticed several classmates who started off with arms folded, wearing smug smirks on their faces. At the end, we found out why - THEIR envelopes had started off with 4 gold pieces! They started OFF with the highest value envelope possible; why would they trade with the rest of us? They were already "the winners"! And boy, were they ever happy about THAT! They got to WIN without doing a THING!
That's stuck in my mind.
Those who have any sort of privilege gain an unearned advantage over those who don't have that same kind of privilege. Taller men earn higher salaries, on average, and have more success in dating and marriage.
Studies on newborns have found that human infants as young as 14 hours from birth prefer to look at attractive faces rather than unattractive faces. The preference also extends to non-human animals such as cats. These findings indicate that lookism is an innate product of how the human visual system functions.
Research by Dan Ariely found that American women exhibit a marked preference for dating taller men, and that for shorter men to be judged attractive by women, they must earn substantially more money than taller men. Some research has suggested that the "beauty premium" for a job largely depends on whether or not attractiveness could potentially enhance productivity, such as those jobs which require substantial interpersonal interaction, while jobs that do not demand this see minimal or no beauty premium. Source
There's a strong innate preference for blonde hair that can be observed VERY early - I remember my friend and her husband, both dark-haired, taking their 2-yr-old son to visit his brother and her girlfriend, a blonde; my friend recounted how their young son stared at the girlfriend, transfixed, stroking her long blonde hair.
I remember this one woman I knew, a political conservative who was turning 50 during the 2008 presidential campaign, lost her mind when Barack Obama was elected. A natural blonde, she once included me on the broadcast list for some dumb spammy email about how "natural blondes" are going extinct because so many non-blonde women dye their hair blonde. :sigh: :eye roll:
So anyhow, those who are born with a less advantageous hand of cards in terms of health, abled-ness, genetics, family status, and money correctly perceive that "the system" is stacked against them. Sure, they will be allowed to purchase lottery tickets, but ONLY for the lotteries that have already ended! BUT they don't perceive this consciously! Instead of being consciously aware that this isn't fair and we should change society through laws and regulation to fix it, they look for "The Secret", "that one weird trick", etc. - they seek to game the rigged system for personal gain instead. They hope to "get theirs", join the ranks of the privileged, and move above those like them, rather than working to change the system to benefit everyone. Of course changing the system is harder; it's more work. If there really is that "one weird trick", they're going to personally benefit from it and become part of that elite group that has all the fun and advantages!
That's a big part of the appeal, you see - joining the ranks of the rich and famous who, let's face it, aren't there because of their greater cleverness or industriousness, but, rather, because they won some cosmic roll of the dice. If someone disadvantaged (like Hot Mug Shot Guy, above) can get another roll and win, then he gets the advantages previously reserved to the rich and famous, like gaining the attention of a beautiful and wealthy heiress he'd never have had the opportunity to meet otherwise. If ALL the disadvantaged troublemakers he'd previously run with had suddenly obtained similar advantage somehow, maybe she'd have chosen one of them instead, so clearly, it's better to get ahead yourself. Not enough to go around, y'know?
We do this.
We seek our own well-being, our own "benefit" over others', even at others' expense. It's a "dog-eat-dog world", after all. While a great many people (hopefully most) will refrain from actively harming others to benefit themselves, there is unfortunately an abundance of people who will.
I remember reading a study where young children were willing to give up a toy themselves just to make sure other children weren't able to have a similar toy. When a small bowl of snacks is provided to a group of children for a short period of time, the children eat more than when a larger bowl is provided the whole time. We're very focused on what we get.
So, building on how shallow we tend to be, we can acknowledge how integral to the human experience all this is.
That doesn't mean we have to accept it, condone it, and perpetuate it. Yet that's what all the intolerant religions - like Evangelical Christianity, like SGI - do. They promote the idea that "benefit" is evidence of "divine approval" (whether attributed to their 'god' or their 'god' stand-in - 'gohonzon', 'The Universe', 'The Mystic Law'), so the "haves" will be given FAR more approval and advantages - and promoted within the group - much more than the disadvantaged will. In fact, the disadvantaged will often be condemned in some way for not improving quickly enough - they'll be subjected to "home visits", to spontaneous "guidance" they didn't ask for, to scoldings; they'll even sometimes be told to NOT attend the discussion meetings until they've improved their circumstances!
Remember, SGI is selling a "magical fix" for people's ills, real and figurative. SGI is in the business of selling people "miracles". SGI tells people "You can chant for whatever you want! Donate your hard-earned money that you desperately need TO US and it will come back to you ten-fold! If you do as we say, you can do "human revolution", transform your "karma", and completely change your circumstances - creating the "actual proof" that will prove TO EVERYONE that this is the One Troo Religion!"
But it's up TO THEM to do the actual work! When their circumstances aren't changing, they get blamed for not working hard enough, not being committed to change enough, not having enough "faith" (what an insult to the truly devout!), not doin it rite, not having the correct focus, not doing enough for SGI - basically doin it rong.
All of us
Intolerant religions double down HARD on the idea that misfortune is the result of divine displeasure/punishment, while good fortune is the result of religious doin it rite. This is so HARMFUL for the very people they're recruiting - the lonely, the sad, the down-on-their-luck, the down-and-out, the needy, the damaged, the lost, the broken. These intolerant religions promise the quick magical fix, and then suck these suckers dry. Then there's the whole "Only someone really STOOOOPID would fall for THAT lame, transparent come-on! Everybody KNOWS prayer doesn't work! What a dumbass, thinking they could get stuff through chanting! I'm getting plenty of stuff without chanting, aren't I?" verdict.
This leads to so much shame that even those who were swindled are too embarrassed to talk about it. They don't want to hear the "Well, that was pretty STUPID of you, wasn't it?" piled on top of all the other damage they've already sustained from being taken advantage of and victimized!
GAAH! These people can't catch a single BREAK!
"It's always your own fault."
Even when we can identify something someone did wrong that resulted in permanent loss, what good does it do to simply remind the person that they brought it onto themselves? Doesn't change anything, does it? That's just mean. Don't be mean.
We focus on what they DID because then we can reassure ourselves that WE can't suffer that same fate - after all, WE won't do that, will we? We aren't bad people who don't take care of ourselves, so WE won't get sick the way THEY did.
"You shouldn't have done that" said every helpful person NEVER.
"You should have known better" - NEVER say this. EVER.
We only do this because it makes US feel better, safer because WE would not make the mistakes those people made. It's our ancient instinct to avoid the "cursed" for fear of their cursage getting on us. We carefully demonstrate our innate superiority so that any random curses wandering around looking for someone to latch onto won't take us.
Just because this is very old and deeply ingrained behavior in human beings doesn't mean there's EVER a good reason to perpetuate it, much less PROMOTE IT the way the intolerant religions - like Evangelical Christianity, like SGI - do. FUCK those guys.
- "Dull, unattractive man seeks stunning young woman to share bland food, uninteresting conversation, and a recent obscenely large inheritance."
singin' the quarantine bluuuuuues...
submitted by BlancheFromage to sgiwhistleblowers [link] [comments]


2020.03.02 04:40 drink111drink My crappy recap of a flaming dumpster fire - I mean 90 days before or whatever the heck it’s called

If you are sensitive or easily offended then stop reading.
This isn’t the best organized. I wasn’t sure if I should write in the order that things appeared. Or group them by person. So logically, I did both just to add some arsenic to this abomination of a scripted tv show.
First of all, I am gonna make the Darcy and Jesse fight clip where she says, “You never loved me” my new ring tone. It’s so cringeworthy. But if I set aSide being a dick for a moment, she is really a broken person and just needs some compassion. I mean she is a human being like the rest of us. But she has decided to attention whore to heal the wounds of her childhood rather than quality therapy, so fuck it. Let’s keep ripping this dollar store of human being some more. At least she gets her attention. Hi Darcy I know you follow this sub.
Geoffrey even though he has a serial killer mentality, he is like super soft and beta. Putting all his happiness on this woman? Or any woman?What a wimp. I’ve been around bitches like this in life. They think they should be feminists and wear their emotions on their sleeves because that’s what all the hallmark movies tell them to,do. That doesn’t get the women jeffry dahmer. Then when your crumbled little Valentine’s Day card of a heart is rejected, you flip out and all that pain comes out in the form of violence. Note:I do not condone violence by men or women.
Is Starcey what the Olsen twins will be? I mean they are bad now. But can they get worse than these two? Olsen twins, Aunt Becky wants you to visit her when she is In prison.
I do appreciate the nice guitar instrumental when Darcy started crying about her birthday. Well timed TLC makes sure to not pay your editor poverty gig wages.
Later in the show. Ok so great they are talking again. Tom has lost weight and of course, why deal with her when you look good. Find someone better Tom. Of course, play a flashback to Jesse lol. Editor is Earning that 15 bucks an hour. I think Toms hoping to get laid. He mentions something about revisiting romance or some crap like that. But why waste all that money to visit Darcy’s lake of sadness.
Respect, if she can’t respect herself no one else will. She is one of the most unaware people I have come across in my life. She should open a dating school,and just say don’t do what I do. And you will be happy. She just wants the wedding to,feel,like a princess. She doesn’t care what comes after. She just wants photos for social media. I think of that funny meme where the woman is married and it says, “now I can get,fat”. At least Darcy has accomplished that part.
Ok, milk bottle Lisa complaining about 2 years of creating a relationship and doesn’t want it ruined. What has she created? Delusions. She’s rambling about needed a Blessing from his mother to marry a Christian old fat white women. Ahhh the moment every mother hopes for.
Ed should get together with Kara. Kara is actually a young woman with a brain! And she doesn’t talk with voice fry or uptalk. Articulate and sweet. Get your Filipino piece in San Diego! Don’t go The Philippines!
At least Ed was smart enough not to send money to the sister. Even though he has sent 5k in soft bed sheets already. Later in the show. Omg, is Ed wearing compression socks? Man he is paranoid 24/7. Did I tell you terminal 2? Yes for the 100th time thinks the Uber driver. I do find him funny in a quirky way. “Smoking stunts your growth.” Ok and now he is sending his last will and testament video to his daughter. Of course, his daughter is getting nothing now. Don’t be so dramatic Ed. So I guess the TLC producers put a gun to Tiffany’s head and made her call Ed back. Good job. Way to add fake drama. Maybe Tiffany doesn’t want to be cut out of the will.
Avery must own a makeup company. She layers it on lake a 7 layer bean dip. Connect on a soul level? This is so much mumble jumble. “Am I going to be able to meet Sian?” “Actually I have been trying to make sure that happens” lol! He is a really fast thinker. Most manipulators are. Wow he languages things so well. He is what Tania wants to be, a successful manipulator. Sinjin is so much smarter and tougher than Avery. She is starting to drop the “I’m a single mom” line. Why can’t men say “I’m a single father” and get some sympathy. Apparently, her parents have no idea she was “dating”. Because they are not dating. They are talking. Her mom is right. How can you be dating? I don’t think her father is her bio dad. Her mom seems a bit off also. Ok. Upon further listening her mom seems practical. “Unless he’s a total manipulator”. Mom is smart. Lol perfect person? Avery is fucking nuts.
The only good thing about Yolanda’s situation is her daughter Kara going with her and trying to make sure she is ok. She isn’t spending her money, she’s spending TLCs money. Apparently, Williams has never flown before because he couldn’t name the airport. Heathrow, gatwick, Luton. I knew that off the top of my head. Now he says just go to Manchester. But can’t give the proper airport code. Lol.
Ahh crap. They are showing more of Lisa. “I don’t wanna hear I’m late, shut up” then she says she hasn’t discussed it because she is worried about their opinions. She’s softer than her belly rolls. Another typical all talk emotional wreck inside woman. I’m a strong confident women, lol ya right. Hello darcy, Stacey, Tania and angela.
The bald guy was 100 percent right. When Lisa talked about him coming to America to be with him. And then bald guy says, “really?” and the delivery was perfect! Her BF’s music videos are awesome because it has sing along lyrics like a karaoke machine. But at least the airport info is accurate. The bald guy reminds me of my first boxing coach. Just missing the gold teeth and about 50 more lbs (my boxing coach was fatter) Lisa apparently will be happy with one night of love making and then die in Nigeria. Nothing more exciting than unattractive women talking about condomns and sex around her lumpy bed. Lisa, thinks she can identify all scammers. Yahoo boy. TIL a new term.
So Varyas friends are right to not want her to meet the serial killer alone. Forget the fact that TLC is filming constantly. Geoffrey is gonna be mad because they will not be in the same hotel room thanks to her friends. After he disposes of Varya’s body, then he will come after her friends for,ruining his happiness. Because everyone is a victim. No one is actually,responsible for the shit in their lives.
So dalhmer has arrived in Moscow and slicked his hair down. He puts so much pressure on this. “My destiny or my end.” TLC needs to pay the writers more. Don’t make me cry? Ok honestly she seems pretty happy. She’s talking about the awkward silences. But what do these couples expect, all of them. They all have never met in person. Yet, they all expect it to fall naturally into place as if they have been together in person for years? Wtf is wrong with people. Wtf,is wrong with me and you dear reader that we watch this stain of a show?
Ok the previews show Darcy running from a bear. Ok she is on a treadmill but she thinks running leads to weight loss. It doesn’t. Proper diet and rest matters more. And maybe just a bottle of wine a night and not 5 to help her fall asleep with all the demons in her head.
The ads were all social media, food and weight loss. Luxury consignment. Pet food. Birth control pills. Who ever knew that 90df viewers loved Campbell tomato soup so much. I don’t think I was the right demographic.
Anyway, since the show was meh, I decided to entertain myself with these notes. I won’t be mad or sad if you don’t like what I wrote. You don’t control my happiness (hint hint Geoffrey darcy and all the other emotionally traumatized people on this show).
Let’s hope,pillow talk sucks less ass.
submitted by drink111drink to 90dayfianceuncensored [link] [comments]


2020.01.02 19:47 OliverMarkusMalloy Why America needs President Bernie

Why America needs President Bernie
I used to work for a couple of different newspapers, as graphic artist, art director, production manager, writer, and editor. Since 2000 I'm a freelance writer and cartoonist. I'm still a news junkie (go figure!) and spend most of my time reading the news from all over the world. Not just on the toilet. To me it's like reading very up-to-date nonfiction books. Often about true crime, or politics, which is pretty much the same thing these days.

I'm a hardcore leftie and support Bernie Sanders 100%, because he's a man of integrity, with deeply held beliefs about justice for all. I admire him. I think Bernie is the single most honorable man in the US government. This world would be a better place, if Bernie was president.

Bernie is legit.

In case you're wondering, no, nobody is paying me to say this. I have a lot of free time on my hands, and I've traveled the world. I've spent a large part of my life visiting dozens of countries. I'm well-read and a very opinionated person. All the opinions I express are my own, and have not been endorsed by Bernie or anyone else.

As long as we still have the First Amendment and Freedom of Speech, I'm going to make use of it and express my opinion. The first amendment is the first one for a reason. It's more important than the second one. If you don't like what I have to say, nobody is forcing you to read it. Move along. Bye, Felicia.

MAGA minions and Russian trolls are not welcome on any of my FB pages or subreddits. Well, you can come visit, just don't feel welcome. I ban trolls on sight.

Anyway, I'm a true Bernie believer. A Berniecrat. So I'm going to support him as much as I can. Bernie is my absolute #1 choice, because I believe he is hands down the best choice, and Bernie is the man with the best chance to beat Trump in 2020.

Germans are pragmatists, and I know that not voting Democratic if Bernie doesn't get the nomination is only going to help one man: Trump. And there's no fucking way I'm gonna do or not do anything that's gonna help that lowlife.

In this video you can hear Trump brag about sneaking up on naked teenage girls, some as young as 15. When Trump comes to town, you better hide your daughters.

Here's another video, of him bragging about grabbing women by the pussy.

What a class act. No wonder other world leaders don't respect him.

Trump is a terrible human being. Anyone who says otherwise is either a brainwashed MAGA minion, or a Russian troll pretending to be an American.

"Trump is a pathological liar and a racist and he lied to the American people during his campaign. He said he was going to stand up for working families. Well, President Trump, you are not standing up for working families when you try to throw 32 million people off their health care."
-Bernie Sanders (video)

What do you think Bernie would say, if you told him that you decided not to vote for a Democrat, because he didn't get the nomination? Do you seriously believe that's what Bernie would want? No, numbnuts, Bernie would tell you to vote for anyone else but Trump. Bernie would never ever ever tell you not to go vote against Trump.

"The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing."
-Edmund Burke

Trump learned that trick from Hitler.

Trump didn’t invent the term Fake News. Hitler did. Whenever the German press unmasked Hitler and exposed that he was not a messiah but a monster, Hitler called them Lügenpresse, which is German for Fake News. And that's not just a coincidence. Trump supporters are literally chanting the German Nazi word Lügenpresse at Trump rallies.

"Fascism should more properly be called corporatism, since it is the merger of state and corporate power."
-Benito Mussolini, fascist dictator, and famous expert on fascism.

Trump learned these pantomine theatrics from his involvement with the WWE. It's what wrestlers do, because everything in wrestling is fake.

This might sound strange to you, but my hobby is to try to do whatever I can, so that when I die, I leave this world in a slightly better condition than I found it.

"You have to be the change you wish to see in the world. "
-Gandhi

Germans jokingly refer to people like me as Weltverbesserer, or world improvers. Utopian idealists, like John Lennon:

Imagine there's no countries
It isn't hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
And no religion, too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace
You may say that I'm a dreamer
But I'm not the only one
I hope someday you'll join us
And the world will be as one
-John Lennon

In Germany I would be considered a Green (anti-fascist environmentalist), which is the ruling party in Germany now, after being just a fringe party for decades. Now the Green party has surpassed Germany's two main parties, CDU (the German version of Republicans) and SPD (their version of Democrats.) It's been an amazing transformation.

As the effects of the Climate Apocalypse cause unprecedented devastation across Europe and America, more and more Europeans are realizing that global warming is the greatest threat to mankind in human history.

Fox News likes to demonize Bernie and AOC, and call them radical lefties. But there's really nothing radical about them.

Europe is ahead of the US in many ways:

green tech
public transit
environmental protection
consumer protection
strong labor laws that protect workers from exploitation by giant corporations
universal healthcare
free college
months of paid maternity leave
free daycare
a month of paid vacation
etc. etc.

Europe isn't perfect, but compared to America, Europe is utopia.

All this cool stuff is tried and true in Europe. Ever since World War 2, it has been normal for Europeans to have all this stuff that Americans don't have.

Fox News likes to lie to you and pretend that "socialism doesn't work." They're lyingggg. It does work. American robber barons just don't want you to know that and then start asking for any of this cool stuff. Anything that makes you poorer, makes them richer.

Europeans are happier than Americans because their quality of life is better in Europe. I can tell you that from first-hand experience.

Think about how much better your life would be, and how much happier you would be, if you had even just one of the cool things European countries have. Imagine if you never had to worry about medical bills again, because all your medical care is free for life. That's what it's like to live in Europe. And that's just one of their many perks. Imagine if your kid could go to medical school for free, and become a rich brain surgeon.

Jealous yet?

Every decent country on the planet has universal healthcare. It's better and cheaper than the corrupt private for-profit health insurance industry in the US. Treatments in Europe are cheaper and more effective than in the US.

America's private health insurance clusterfuck is the most expensive and least efficient healthcare system in the world, because it values obscene corporate profits over people's lives. Even Fox News says so, when they take a breather from all the lying they do.

And people in Europe live longer than in the US. The American way of life is literally killing you. America has a really shitty life expectancy compared to European countries.

Europeans have better healthcare and live longer than Americans, because in America the corrupt pharma and insurance lobbies get to decide whether you live or die, depending on what is more profitable for them.

If you think it doesn't matter that Europeans live longer, think of it this way: If you have a sick mom or dad who might be dying soon, or died already, they might still be alive for another 5 years or so, if they lived in Europe. Or if we had the kind of low-cost, high-quality universal healthcare that they have in Europe. And if you love your mom, having her in your life for a few more years makes all the difference in the world.

In the rest of the world, universal healthcare is as normal and common as indoor plumbing. It's simply a normal perk of living in a civilized society, like having a fire department and roads and clean water. The US is the only country "without indoor plumbing."

Why? Because the giant corporations who profit from the status quo don't want anything to change, that could cut into their obscene profits. So they bribe uhh... "lobby" corrupt Republican politicians, who make sure nothing ever changes. And they pay Fox News to lie to you and tell you that any change for the better, away from obscene profits and rampant corruption, is "evil socialism."

They're lying. America's corrupt private for-profit health insurance shit show is the worst in the world, not the best. We're a laughing stock all over the world, because we're letting giant corporations and the pharma and insurance lobbies fuck us over. Literally any other health care model that's used in the world today is better than the bullshit we have here in the US.

Obama tried to fix that, by giving every American good, affordable, universal healthcare, but corrupt Republicans sabotaged him every step of the way, and sabotaged Obama's better, cheaper Obamacare system every which way they could. Just like they did to Hillary, when she proposed universal healthcare a few decades ago.

Before Obamacare, there was Hillarycare. Corrupt Republicans did everything they could to stop it. As always.

Europeans call the brutal, selfish, greedy, extremist version of capitalism in America predatory capitalism, because it allows giant corporations to squeeze the life out of people, in the name of profit. Giant corporations control the US government, and can pretty much do whatever the hell they want. Especially under Trump.

Bernie is against all that, as any sane, moral person should be.

Americans are some of the unhappiest, most stressed out, and overworked & exploited people in the civilized world. Meanwhile Norwegians are the happiest people on the planet, because they have all that cool stuff Bernie keeps talking about.

The "socialist" government of Norway does what governments were invented for in the first place: it takes care of its people, from birth til death, by providing free prenatal care, free birth, paid maternity leave, free daycare, free school, free college, free healthcare, hospitals, nursing homes, roads, bridges, airports, clean water, and all the other stuff a good country offers its residents as normal perks of modern civilization.

Fox News likes to call this "socialism" and pretends that wanting Americans to have the same awesome stuff that other countries have is somehow evil and un-American. They're lying to you, on behalf of the giant corporations who don't want things to change.

Interestingly, Europeans don't think of themselves as "socialists." They call their countries liberal democracies. The words liberal and liberty both come from the Latin liber, which means freedom. So, Europeans call themselves free democracies.

And yet, Fox News tells you that Europeans are evil socialists, and supposedly not free.

Weird, huh?

The truth is, Europeans have more freedoms than Americans do. And on the global list of the most free countries, the US is not even in the top 10.

"Money, it turned out, was exactly like sex, you thought of nothing else if you didn't have it and thought of other things if you did."
-James Baldwin

That quote is surprisingly fitting. You hardly ever hear Europeans talk about freedom, because it's almost never on their mind. To a European, freedom is like air. You don't really think about it. It's just there. You take it for granted.

Meanwhile, in America people constantly talk about money and freedom, because they have neither. Americans are debt slaves.

Credit card bills are modern day slave chains. Debt forces you to get up in the morning, against your will, and work all day long even though you don't want to. In predatory capitalism, you are constantly under enormous stress, and you must always do things you don't want to do, all day every day, or you're gonna end up sleeping under a bridge, or in jail.

Germany is another liberal democracy, and Germans work far less than Americans do, earn more money, are happier, live longer, and have more freedoms. What's so bad about that? Nothing.

This thing you call socialism, but the rest of the world calls liberal democracy (or social democracy) actually works very well. You should try it some time. I promise you, you would love it. If you ever get the chance to live in Europe, do it. It will really open your eyes and broaden your horizon. Things in America could be so much better than they are now.

If you're a MAGA minion, you might think of Bernie as a radical leftie, from where you're sitting, because you're so extremely right-wing. But in the rest of the world, especially in Europe, Bernie would be considered a centrist. Angela Merkel is a German conservative from the CDU, and even she is further to the left than many US Democrats.

America is on the very far right-end of the global political spectrum. Bernie is a centrist.

Angela Merkel, a German conservative, believes in universal healthcare, fighting global warming, green tech, and pretty much all the other stuff Bernie and AOC believe. And Angela Merkel is one of the most admired politicians in the world.

There is absolutely nothing radical about AOC's green new deal. You should try reading it some time. It says nothing about cow farts destroying the world in 12 years, despite the lies you keep hearing about her on Fox News.

And no, the gentle sound of wind mills does not cause cancer. Trump is lying to you. Germany has been full of these wind mills for years already. Every open field has a bunch of wind mills.

You see wind turbines everywhere in Germany.

Everything in the green new deal is tried and true stuff. It's been working very well in Europe for years already.

What's wrong with making this a better country? What's wrong with making America great again? But for real. Not just as a propaganda slogan for a corrupt, lying wannabe dictator like Trump, who enriches himself by vacationing at his own golf club and billing the American tax payers hundreds of millions for it.

Fox News viewers are Republicans, because the Republican party attracts dumb people, because dumb people can't tell when they're being lied to.

Recently my wife mentioned that Reddit had been redesigned, and the new user interface is much better than the old one. So I decided to give it another try. She was right. I love the new look and feel of Reddit. It's my new favorite social media platform. Woohoo!

After just a few days on here, I quickly realized that Russian trolls have infested American social media, to divide and conquer us. Russian trolls have even started groups that look like legit American groups, but the admins are Russian trolls. You may be following one of these fake groups and not even realize it.

Here's how to easily spot a fake Bernie support group that's run by Russians:

- Post an article that is supportive of Bernie, and critical of Trump. Like this one. Or any other one.

- Real Bernie supporters will up vote it, and respond positively, because they agree that Bernie is the best man to beat Trump.

- Russian trolls masquerading as Bernie supporters will down vote it because it criticizes Trump. They will bash you for posting it, and bash Democrats in general, pin all sorts of nonsense on them, and blame them for Trump's victory. They'll also say that there was nothing illegitimate about Trump's victory, and that Russian trolls don't exist, and Russia's manipulation of the election was just a hoax and Mueller didn't find any evidence.

None of this is true. These are the same pro-Trump talking point lies you hear on Fox News.

Bernie will be the first to tell you that Russia manipulated the elections and that Russian social media trolls are real, and helped Trump get elected. There is a mountain of very detailed evidence in Mueller's 400+ page report.

After years of denials, even Trump himself finally admitted that Russia helped him get elected:

How does anyone not see what a totally dishonest, sheisty snake oil salesman he is?
submitted by OliverMarkusMalloy to Foxhidesinfo [link] [comments]


2019.11.27 03:42 oytboy Week 12 Recap

I have nightmares about facing Action Jackson in the playoffs...
Joe's Best Team (8-4) beats Cheeks (4-8) 141.00-122.03:
MVP:
The 1-2 punch of Derrick Henry and Nick Chubb got the job done for Joe, amassing more than 50 fantasy points between the two of them.
LVP:
Jamison Crowder went from looking like a locked and loaded WR2 at minimum to a 2.80 point outing on just four targets from Sam Darnold. Somehow Joe had three worse players (Mohamed Sanu DNP, Emmanuel Sanders 2.00 points, and Jonnu Smith 0.40 points) and still came out a winner.
Sit/Start Decision of the Week:
While it won't be of much comfort to them, at least Cheeks made the correct decision in sitting Matt Ryan in favour of Jameis Winston and Sam Darnold's juicy matchups.
Analysis:
Cheeks got great production from Winston and Darnold (50+ points between them), Will Fuller V, and Tyler Boyd, and then a whole lotta nothing from everybody else. Beyond those four, the best performance on the team was kicker Josh Lambo's 9 points. Joe overcame the three aforementioned duds by getting 17+ points from Henry, Chubb, Drew Brees, Odell Beckham Jr, and Jared Cook. A remarkable performance by Joe's squad all around.
Moving on:
Joe takes sole possession of second place with the win, and will face 7th place Chiraq Attack next week as he looks to solidify his playoff seeding. First place may be out of the question with the insanity that is Action Jackson right now, but at least Joe should not have to face AJ in the first round after this W. Cheeks drops to eight place at 4-8, cementing a severely disappointing season for what should have been a good team led by Saquon Barkley and Dalvin Cook. Their life doesn't get any easier with Action Jackson on deck for next week.
Skyler's Unreal Team (6-6) beats Chiraq Attack (6-6) 155.73-95.60:
MVP:
Chris Godwin's 7-catch, 184-yard, 2-TD game was good for 33.90 fantasy points and represented more than a third of CA's total points, and nearly more than CA's top two point scorers combined.
LVP:
Aaron Jones was supposed to be a slam dunk start from here on out, but I guess nothing is sacred to the San Francisco defense and Jones was limited to a mere 3.80 points.
Sit/Start Decision of the Week:
It's hard to fault CA for sitting Kyle Allen after how he had looked, but he more than doubled Carson Wentz's production while warming the bench.
Analysis:
Skyler started a single quarterback (Mason Rudolph) and he put together a 2.33 point outing. Once you get past that number however, the rest jump off the page: 22.10 points for Allen Robinson, 21.10 points for Zach Ertz, 21.90 points for George Kittle. The 2x stud TE stack finally returned some dividends for Skyler. CA got duds from everybody, including just 14.60 points from Jones, Carlos Hyde, and David Montgomery. They will be glad to get Hunter Henry and Christian Kirk back in the lineup next week.
Moving on:
Skyler overtakes CA for fifth place with the win, a game back of fourth place with more points scored than current fourth place No Fly Zone. Skyler will get a matchup with similarly 6-6 Nincompoopery in their next biggest game of year. This was a particularly tough loss for CA, falling out of a playoff spot all the way to 7th on the basis of points scored. The outlook isn't particularly rosy, either - second place Joe's Best Team awaits in Week 13.
Nincompoopery (6-6) beats Ethan's Rad Team (3-9) 111.53-99.17:
MVP:
D.J. Moore is suddenly a superstar, going for 126 yards and 2 TDs on 6 receptions this week and leading NCP with 28.40 fantasy points.
LVP:
Not often that the least valuable player is on the winning team, but AMARI COOPER WHAT THE [email protected]$! BRO
Sit/Start Decision of the Week:
NCP picked the wrong TE streamer, going with Cameron Brate and getting to revel in all of his zero point glory.
Analysis:
NCP has to feel a little lucky that they were facing Ethan this week, as they had more than their fair share of stinkers and still emerged with the win. Cooper, Brate, Derek Carr, Josh Jacobs, and T.Y. Hilton all scored 4.30 or less points. Mark Ingram's 24.30 points definitely helped. Michael Thomas continues to be the only reason Ethan is moderately relevant in his matchups, scoring 21.10 points in this one.
Moving on:
NCP finds themselves in a three-way tie for fifth place, a game out of fourth place and the final playoff spot with two regular season weeks to go. They will have to get past both Skyler and No Fly Zone to get there, but no one's saying it's impossible. They match up with Skyler next week in a monumental matchup for both teams. Ethan drops to 3-9 on the season and will face NFZ next week.
Action Jackson (9-3) beats The Backyard Boys (4-8) 187.36-103.54:
MVP:
Lamar Jackson is a cheat code. That is all.
LVP:
Todd Gurley has to be the most painful player of the week, getting just 3.40 points on Sunday night to put the seventy-eighth nail in TBB's coffin.
Sit/Start Decision of the Week:
Uhhh... Melvin Gordon didn't play this week, so there were probably better starting options out there. For example, Ronald Jones and his 14.20 bench points.
Analysis:
I mean, what more can we say about AJ. They nearly had four 30-point performances, with Christian McCaffery missing by 0.2 points while Jackson, Leonard Fournette, and Ryan Tannehill (!) all eclipsed the mark. Outside of 31.80 points for Jarvis Landry, TBB didn't have a single performance better than Devante Parker's 12.10. Unfortunately this week was just a microcosm of TBB's season.
Moving on:
AJ maintains sole possession of first place and looks absolutely unstoppable at this moment. They get 8th place Cheeks next week and early reports have Cheeks' players being advised to wear brown pants to avoid showing their dismay when Lamar and CMC roll into town. TBB will play third place Team Name Loading as they attempt to get a little closer to .500 fantasy football.
No Fly Zone (7-5) beats Team Name Loading... (7-5) 148.73-105.10:
MVP:
DeAndre Hopkins is rounding into form at the best time, scoring 2 TD's on 6 receptions to go with 94 yards en route to a 24.40 point performance for NFZ.
LVP:
He wasn't the lowest-scoring player on his team, and he was playing against that impeccable New England defense, but TNL definitely expected more out of Dak Prescott than a meek 6.47 points.
Sit/Start Decision of the Week:
With Patrick Mahomes on bye, NFZ had to navigate some murky QB waters but came up with the winning formula, starting Ryan Fitzpatrick and Baker Mayfield in their head-to-head matchup with 22+ point rewards on both fronts.
Analysis:
NFZ found a huge win here against a good opponent to reclaim possession of fourth place. They had five sub-10 point performances but got more than 100 points from the quartet of Hopkins, Fitzpatrick, Mayfield, and Marquise Brown and that was almost all they needed. TNL tossed up one of their worst outings of the year and this matchup can be summed up by the fact that of the entire TNL squad, only Calvin Ridley outperformed his Yahoo projected point total (19 points vs 13.03 projected).
Moving on:
NFZ is actually technically tied with TNL for third place now, but with three teams a game back at 6-6, there will be no celebrating yet. They get a boost in their playoff aspirations in the form of a Week 13 matchup with last place Ethan's Rad Team. TNL has now dropped four straight in an unbelievable fall from grace, and now stands in real danger of not only a fourth place finish and a first round date with the juggernaut that is Action Jackson, but of falling out of the playoff picture altogether. They will attempt to get things back on track next week against 9th place The Backyard Boys.
submitted by oytboy to nothingdoingff [link] [comments]


2019.06.04 02:10 The-Truth-Fairy [META] There has been a flood of media criticism posts here lately that are so bad that they look identical to fake posts journalists would submit to discredit media critics and this sub. Here is an actual media criticism post that looks at Fox News, CNN, MSNBC, RT, CBS, NYT, WaPo, etc.

48 examples and counting of misleading and false reporting coming from the major media networks. There are many thousands more out there, but these are some of the more recent, important examples. Please don't hesitate to use the comments to add more.
Obviously the media is not perfect and everyone makes mistakes, but the direction the mistakes go, depending on which outlet you are looking at, tends to be the same direction. An outlet's bias will sometimes prevent them from doing their due diligence before publishing. CNN is usually not going to make a mistake that happens to make Wikileaks look good for example. It will be the other way around. The same goes for Fox News. They are unlikely to make a mistake that happens to make recreational pot seem reasonable.
It's also my understanding that many of these examples went under the radar. Media outlets tend to put way more effort into publishing the original false claim than they do in making sure everyone who was fooled by it gets the correct information later on. It is possible that you have never heard that some of these claims were false. That was the case for me when I was digging through the corrections. I believe this is on purpose. Having to correct your "bombshell" report is embarrassing, so it often seems that they would rather do the bare minimum and hope few people see the correction.
1) Former MSNBC host Ed Schultz recently revealed that he was told what to cover and what not to cover at MSNBC, saying that the President of MSNBC Phil Griffin was a "watchdog." An example he gives is when he wanted to cover Bernie Sanders announcing his run for president, and Phil Griffin calls him telling him to report on something else. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkGu3PDKFIg&t=10m10s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkGu3PDKFIg&t=10m10s
2) From CNN
Washington (CNN) In his much-anticipated congressional testimony on Thursday, fired FBI Director James Comey will dispute President Donald Trump's blanket claim that he was told he was not under investigation multiple times, according to sources familiar with Comey's thinking. https://web.archive.org/web/20170606234238/http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/06/politics/comey-testimony-refute-trump-russian-investigation/index.html
CORRECTION AND UPDATE: This article was published before Comey released his prepared opening statement. The article and headline have been corrected to reflect that Comey does not directly dispute that Trump was told multiple times he was not under investigation in his prepared testimony released after this story was published. http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/06/politics/comey-testimony-refute-trump-russian-investigation/index.html
3) Behind TV Analysts, Pentagon’s Hidden Hand https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/20/us/20generals.html
4) From CNN
"In the aftermath of the retraction of a story published on CNN.com, CNN has accepted the resignations of the employees involved in the story's publication," a spokesman said Monday evening. The story, which reported that Congress was investigating a "Russian investment fund with ties to Trump officials," cited a single anonymous source. http://money.cnn.com/2017/06/26/media/cnn-announcement-retracted-article/index.html
5) Fox News uses pictures of Eagles players praying to pretend they were kneeling for the national anthem (no Eagles player actually did) https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2018/06/05/fox-news-fails-to-recognize-praye
6) From Wash Post
Original title that they have changed, which you can verify by checking the url: "Russian hackers penetrated U.S. electricity grid through a utility in Vermont, officials say.” https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/russian-hackers-penetrated-us-electricity-grid-through-a-utility-in-vermont/2016/12/30/8fc90cc4-ceec-11e6-b8a2-8c2a61b0436f_story.html
Correction article: Russian government hackers do not appear to have targeted Vermont utility, say people close to investigation https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/russian-government-hackers-do-not-appear-to-have-targeted-vermont-utility-say-people-close-to-investigation/2017/01/02/70c25956-d12c-11e6-945a-76f69a399dd5_story.html
7) Veronica Rocha of CNN dishonestly zooms in video of Trump to make it look like he was the only one who dumped his entire box of fish food into the pond during fish feeding event with Japan's Shinzo Abe. Abe actually chucked his entire box of food first, but you can't see that with the unnecessary zoom: https://twitter.com/VeronicaRochaLA/status/927400669996130305/photo/1
8) The Guardian also wrote up an entire article about this fish feeding event criticizing Trump for his lack of patience and how he may have put the fish into danger without even mentioning that Abe chucked in his box first: http://archive.is/fcGYi They later corrected the article, but didn't mention that they had to change a large portion of the article, including the title: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/nov/06/trump-dump-president-throws-entire-box-of-fish-food-into-precious-koi-carp-pond?CMP=twt_gu
9) Slate: Was a Trump Server Communicating With Russia? http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/cover_story/2016/10/was_a_server_registered_to_the_trump_organization_communicating_with_russia.html
Debunked by Wash Post https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/11/01/that-secret-trump-russia-email-server-link-is-likely-neither-secret-nor-a-trump-russia-link/?utm_term=.0d6dc14257ad
10) Fortune Magazine: Correction: This story originally ran under the headline “C-SPAN Confirms It Was Briefly Hacked by Russian News Site.” C-SPAN confirmed that an interruption took place but has not yet identified the cause of the interruption. http://fortune.com/2017/01/12/cspan-rt-interruption/
11) The Guardian: "This article was amended on 29 December 2016 to remove a sentence in which it was asserted that Assange “has long had a close relationship with the Putin regime”. A sentence was also amended which paraphrased the interview, suggesting Assange said “there was no need for Wikileaks to undertake a whistleblowing role in Russia because of the open and competitive debate he claimed exists there”. It has been amended to more directly describe the question Assange was responding to when he spoke of Russia’s “many vibrant publications”." https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/dec/24/julian-assange-donald-trump-hillary-clinton-interview
12) New York Times: James Comey: a controversial New York Times story in February about alleged contacts between Trump intimates and Russian officials was bogus. “In the main, it was not true,” he said. “The challenge, and I’m not picking on reporters, about writing stories about classified information is the people talking about it often don’t really know what’s going on and those of us who actually know what’s going on are not talking about it,” said Comey during questioning from Sen. James Risch (R-Idaho). “And we don’t call the press and say, ‘Hey, you got that thing wrong.’ ” https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2017/06/08/in-the-main-it-was-not-true-comey-denounces-new-york-times-story/
13) New York Times: Notorious "17 intelligence agencies agree" claim retracted by the New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/29/pageoneplus/corrections-june-29-2017.html (It was actually 3 agencies according to Former director of National Intelligence Clapper https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NevA1FFfj7s)
14) NBC News:
“EXCLUSIVE: Putin does not deny having compromising information on President Trump in interview with @megynkelly.” https://twitter.com/keridouglas/status/871514544480415744/photo/1
"CORRECTION: Putin denies having compromising information about President Trump, calls it nonsense https://twitter.com/NBCNews/status/871519148085583873
15) from ABC News:
JUST IN: @BrianRoss on @ABC News Special Report: Michael Flynn promised "full cooperation to the Mueller team" and is prepared to testify that as a candidate, Donald Trump "directed him to make contact with the Russians." https://web.archive.org/web/20171201162158/https:/twitter.com/ABC/status/936628560374071296
CLARIFICATION of ABC News Special Report: Flynn prepared to testify that President-elect Donald Trump (not candidate Trump as initially reported) directed him to make contact with the Russians during the transition -- initially as a way to work together to fight ISIS in Syria, confidant now says. http://archive.is/WDuoW
Mediaite on ABC's error: https://www.mediaite.com/tv/abc-news-issues-on-air-clarification-to-report-about-flynn-russian-outreach-and-trump/
The reason this "news" was so big was because it was basically evidence of collusion. After they corrected it, it's no longer evidence of collusion. It's just normal presidential business.
16) ProPublica now retracting parts of its story that linked Gina Haspel, Trump's choice to lead the CIA, with waterboarding of a suspected al-Qaida leader. "Nearly every piece of the reporting that you are seeking comment on is incorrect in whole or in part." https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/03/16/594282245/propublica-corrects-its-story-on-trump-s-cia-nominee-gina-haspel-and-waterboardi
17) RT: Several journalists who work for Russia Today have told The Independent that while some coverage of problems in Russia and sensitive issues is allowed, any direct criticism or questioning of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin or President Dmitry Medvedev is strictly prohibited. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/russia-today-tomorrow-the-world-2083869.html
18) According to a former RT reporter, "We do work for Putin. We are asked on a daily basis if not to totally ignore then to obscure the truth." https://www.yahoo.com/news/russia-today-reporter-quits-over-lies-ukraine-170626565.html
19) NBC posted an article claiming Menendez, charged with bribery and fraud, was a Republican.
CORRECTION (Sept. 6, 2017, 5:35 p.m.): An earlier version of this article misstated the party affiliation of Menendez. He is a Democrat, not a Republican. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/menendez-says-not-once-have-i-dishonored-senate-office-bribery-n799136
20) A New York Times story on the bribery trial of Sen. Robert Menendez (N.J.) initially failed to mention his party (Democratic). https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2017/09/07/new-york-times-standards-editor-menendez-democrat-omission-was-a-dumb-mistake/
21) Fox News ran footage of Mark Sanford admitting to an extramarital affair on Wednesday with a Chyron identifying the South Carolina Republican — near tears — as a D, for Democrat.
22) When former congressman Mark Foley admitted to having problems with alcoholism — after reports that he had behaved inappropriately with congressional pages — Fox News also identified him as a Democrat. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/06/24/fox-news-identifies-sanfo_n_220377.html
Here are Fox's four fake experts:
23) Fox News Apologizes for Featuring Veteran Who Lied About Being a Navy SEAL https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/business/media/navy-seal-fox-news.html
24) A Fake Antifa Member Trolled A Fox News Host https://www.buzzfeed.com/blakemontgomery/a-fake-antifa-member-trolled-a-fox-news-host-and-the?utm_term=.xeM4eMzGZq#.pvaGPzKDA6
25) Fox News commentator who feds say faked a CIA career sentenced to 33 months in prison https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/fox-news-analyst-still-wont-admit-he-was-not-in-cia/2016/07/14/eb61b5e4-478e-11e6-bdb9-701687974517_story.html
26) A man described as a Swedish defense and national security adviser appeared on Fox News last week to defend President Trump’s claim that criminal immigrants are wreaking havoc in Sweden. But according to court records and Swedish officials, the man, identified as Nils Bildt, has a criminal record in the United States and no ties to Sweden’s security establishment. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/26/world/europe/sweden-fraud-fox-news-commentator-trump.html
27) CNN Selectively Edits Police Shooting Victim’s Sister’s Words to Protesters https://archive.is/AuzyQ
28) After the shooting of a congressman at the Congressional Baseball game:
"Members of the Democratic team gather on the field for a prayer before the Congressional Baseball Game" http://archive.is/NOrep
Correction: Members of both teams gather on the field for a prayer before the Congressional Baseball Game (corrects who prayed) https://twitter.com/CNNPolitics/status/875694395122741248
29) The Hill writes article and Tweets claim that "Report: Trump admin denied Puerto Rico request to let victims use food stamps for fast food." https://web.archive.org/web/20171003215924/http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/353685-trump-admin-denied-puerto-rico-request-to-let-hurricane-victims-use
This is the article after it has been corrected: Trump officials allow Puerto Ricans to use food stamps for hot food http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/353685-trump-admin-denied-puerto-rico-request-to-let-hurricane-victims-use
30) 2-second video causes headache for ABC News. ABC News faked part of a video of a Toyota with acceleration problems. They show a reporter in the moving vehicle, then cut to a shot of the tachometer revving to 6,000 RPMs while in park. They later apologized for faking the video. https://web.archive.org/web/20100314031252/http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100311/ap_en_tv/us_toyota_recall_abc You can still view the original video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRN1CnKrc84 The fake shot is at 2:15.
31) ABC: Brian Ross of ABC News reported that James Holmes, the suspect of the theater shooting in Aurora, Colo., may have connections to the tea party — basing that on a single web page that listed an Aurora-based “Jim Holmes” as a member of the Colorado Tea Party Patriots. The claim was later retracted and Ross appologized. https://www.politico.com/story/2012/07/ross-takes-heat-for-another-blunder-078793
32) NPR: Airing The Dirty Laundry: Too Few Of NPR's Corrections Are Heard On The Radio https://www.npr.org/sections/ombudsman/2017/09/18/551350349/airing-the-dirty-laundry-too-few-of-npr-s-corrections-are-heard-on-the-radio
33) NPR claims Wikileaks posted Macron leaks and also claims some of the documents were fake so they could tarnish Wikileaks' reputation, had to issue a correction stating that they don't know who leaked them. See the tweet and comments here: https://twitter.com/NPstatus/860936844942430210
34) "Correction: In this report, it's said that North Korea has continued to develop and test nuclear weapons despite warnings from the Trump administration. While North Korea is believed to still be developing nuclear weapons, it has not tested any since President Trump took office." http://www.npr.org/2017/06/19/533494139/how-to-deal-with-north-korea-some-options-are-worse-than-others
35) Fox News headline: "Doctors claim baby's 2015 death was caused by marijuana overdose." This is false. The doctors do not claim marijuana was the cause of death. They claim that the death was associated with marijuana in the system and that other possible causes of the death couldn't be tested for. https://np.reddit.com/media_criticism/comments/7dpep7/fox_news_headline_doctors_claim_babys_2015_death/
36) CNN claimed the Trump campaign was given special access to Wikileaks documents before they were published based on an email they said was dated September 4, prior to the release of those documents. This was according to “multiple sources." They updated the story to show that the email was actually dated September 14, after the documents were made public, which means some random person messaged the Trump Campaign about public information, which is a non-story https://theintercept.com/2017/12/09/the-u-s-media-yesterday-suffered-its-most-humiliating-debacle-in-ages-now-refuses-all-transparency-over-what-happened/. Updated CNN article http://edition.cnn.com/2017/12/08/politics/email-effort-give-trump-campaign-wikileaks-documents/index.html
36.1) CBS claimed to have "independently confirmed" the September 4 email, also adds editor's note on their article retracting the claim. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/house-intel-investigates-trump-jr-email-involving-documents-hacked-during-campaign/
36.2) NBC also "confirmed" the false September 4 email story with "two sources with direct knowledge." https://web.archive.org/web20171208164020/http://www.nbcnews.com/https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/trumps-trump-jr-received-email-offering-hacked-wikileaks-documents-last-n827716
37) Fox News scrubbed any mention of Russian government when reporting on Trump Jr. emails. https://www.rawstory.com/2017/07/busted-fox-reported-on-trump-jr-s-emails-after-they-scrubbed-any-mention-of-russian-government/
38) In 1992, NBC fabricated a news story entitled "Waiting to Explode," claiming that a line of trucks produced by General Motors can explode on impact. They ensured that a fire would occur by using a planted incendiary device to cause the fire, used the wrong gas cap, and overfilled the tank. [4:33] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvBQDHqdCck
39) "If any company can relate to Toyota's current recall woes, it's Audi. The German automaker was hit with similar allegations of unintended acceleration during the 1980s, when supposed faulty gas pedals on its popular 5000 series sedan were linked to six deaths and 700 crashes. Though the problem was eventually determined to be a case of driver error—people were hitting the gas instead of the brake—Audi had to issue a major recall. A 1986 60 Minutes investigation plunged the knife in. The investigation was later debunked when it was discovered that an expert had rigged a car to accelerate irregularly. But the damage was done. Audi sales dropped 80 percent over the next five years. It wasn't until 2000 that it regained its peak from 1985." http://www.newsweek.com/what-toyota-can-learn-audis-80s-recall-75191
40) "A little girl who became the public face of US migrant family separations was not taken away from her mother at the US border, says her father. A photograph of the Honduran toddler sobbing in a pink jacket was snapped at the scene of a border detention. Time magazine has used the image for its latest cover, depicting President Donald Trump looming over the girl with the caption: "Welcome to America". Time magazine also corrected its story, which said the girl was "carried away screaming by US Border Patrol agents", to instead say the mother and daughter were "taken away together". https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44578339
41) "How NBC Knowingly Let Syria Rebels’ False War Propaganda Stand For Years. Not correcting the story of Richard Engel’s kidnapping is worse than the Brian Williams scandal." https://www.thenation.com/article/how-nbc-knowingly-let-syria-rebels-false-war-propaganda-stand-years/
42) CNN's Hadas Gold tweets out viral photos of caged migrant children at an ICE detention facility, giving the impression they were recent photos. The photos were also tweeted out by the editor-in-chief of NYT Magazine, Shaun King of The Intercept, Lauren Wolfe of NYT and Guardian, and senior investigative reporter at ProPublica T. Christian Miller without specifying that they were from 2014. https://np.reddit.com/media_criticism/comments/8mqylx/those_viral_photos_of_caged_migrant_children_at/
43) How statistics and graphs can be manipulated on Fox News, even to the point that they don't make any sense. https://www.businessinsider.com/fox-news-charts-tricks-data-2012-11
44) A Clinton Fan Manufactured Fake News That MSNBC Personalities Spread to Discredit WikiLeaks Docs
From MSNBC, The Atlantic, and Newsweek: "That the emails in the Wikileaks archive were doctored or faked — and thus should be disregarded — was classic Fake News, spread not by Macedonian teenagers or Kremlin operatives but by established news outlets such as MSNBC, The Atlantic, and Newsweek. And, by design, this Fake News spread like wildfire all over the internet, hungrily clicked and shared by tens of thousands of people eager to believe it was true. As a result of this deliberate disinformation campaign, anyone reporting on the contents of the emails was instantly met with claims that the documents in the archive had been proven fake. The most damaging such claim came from MSNBC’s intelligence analyst Malcolm Nance. As I documented on October 11, he tweeted what he — for some bizarre reason — labeled an “Official Warning.” It decreed: “#PodestaEmails are already proving to be riddled with obvious forgeries & #blackpropaganda not even professionally done.” That tweet was re-tweeted by more than 4,000 people. It was vested with added credibility by Clinton-supporting journalists like Reid and Frum (“expert to take seriously”). All of that, in turn, led to an article in something called the “Daily News Bin” with the headline: “MSNBC intelligence expert: WikiLeaks is releasing falsified emails not really from Hillary Clinton.” This classic fake news product — citing Nance and Reid among others — was shared more than 40,000 times on Facebook alone." https://theintercept.com/2016/12/09/a-clinton-fan-manufactured-fake-news-that-msnbc-personalities-spread-to-discredit-wikileaks-docs/
45) Intercept journalist from 2014-2016, Juan Thompson, was caught by The Intercept for fabricating sources and quotes for his anti Trump articles. https://theintercept.com/2016/02/02/a-note-to-readers/ Incidentally, a year after he was fired, Juan Thompson was caught calling in fake bomb threats to Jewish community centers. https://theintercept.com/2017/03/03/statement-on-the-arrest-of-former-intercept-reporter-juan-thompson/
46) Brian Williams of NBC News lied about being shot down in a helicopter in Iraq. NBC news executives quietly told Williams to stop repeating the bogus story. It was only after flight engineer Lance Reynolds, who was actually in the helicopter that got shot down in Iraq, made a public Facebook post exposing Williams that NBC had to issue an apology. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pCl4Y5-mfL0
47) Der Spiegel exposes their own, says top journalist faked stories for years. He “made up stories and invented protagonists” in at least 14 out of 60 articles that appeared in its print and online editions, warning that other outlets could also be affected. Claas Relotius, 33, resigned after admitting to the scam. He had written for the magazine for seven years and won numerous awards for his investigative journalism, including CNN Journalist of the Year in 2014. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/19/top-der-spiegel-journalist-resigns-over-fake-interviews
48) Fox News accused the wrong guy of being a pedophile. They realized two different men had a similar name, so they corrected the article, but they never mentioned that they corrected it.
Original article: http://archive.vn/6M9M0
Article as it is now: https://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/corey-feldman-names-his-sexual-predator
Edit: formatting
submitted by The-Truth-Fairy to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2019.06.03 13:07 invalidusermyass Mega-List: Israel's Controversies and Crimes

Updated on 19 Feb 2020, Arranged in Chronological Order
All articles cited are from reliable and trustworthy sources (some may be NSFL):
Use this website to read any paywalled site you might encounter in this list.
Major Incidents:
ONE. Assasination of Jacob Israël de Haan (1924), a Dutch-Jewish diplomat, for attempting to make a peace deal with the Emir of Mecca - his plan was a Palestinian state in a Jordanian federation, the Zionists would drop the Balfour declaration and any claim to a state in exchange for unrestricted immigration. He was assassinated when leaving a synagogue by Avraham Tehomi (who admitted to it much later), on the orders of Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, who later became the 2nd President of Israel:
Wiki, Haaretz, 972mag
TWO. King David Hotel Bombing (1946) where right-wing Zionist terrorists attacked a British HQ located within the hotel killing 91 and injuring 46. The leader of the perpetrators, Manachem Begin became the Prime Minister of Israel in 1977:
Wiki, Haaretz
THREE. Deir Yassin Massacre (1948) where 110 villagers were slaughtered, some members of the perpetrators were at a later time, absorbed into the IDF, one even became PM of Israel:
Wiki, Haaretz, Britannica
FOUR. Document from IDF archives (1948) which after translation states:
"In the villages lying between Nahraiya and Tarshiha there are no foreign troops for the time being.The villages are armed and ready for action1. Your orders are to occupy, kill the men2, destroy and burn down the villages of Kabri, Umm al-Faraj and al-Nahr."
[1] Ilan Pappe notes that the villagers had no proper arms, only for hunting purposes and people who served in the police; without Arab troops that were absent they stood no chance [2] In April 1948, the Intelligence of the Hagana defined men as anyone above the age of 10
Sources:
-Photo taken from IDF Archives 1676\51\12
-Benny Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949, ISBN 0-521-33028-9. P. 133
-Hagana archives, 100\35, dated May 19, 1948
FIVE. Palestinian Exodus "Nakba" (1948) was an expulsion of 700,000 Palestinian Arabs from their Homeland during the war and establishment of Israel in May 1948, these includes testimonies of massacres, rape and looting:
Haaretz, Haaretz, Atlantic, Vox
SIX. Assassination of Folke Bernadotte, (1948) UN Mediator for Palestinian Refugees by Israel's Zionist Paramilitary Group, Lehi. The killing was approved by the three-man 'center' of Lehi, one of which, after the assassination, became 7th Prime Minister of Israel (Yitzhak Shamir). No one was convicted for the assassination:
Wiki, Independent, Haaretz, WRMEA
SEVEN. Lavon Affair (1954) a failed false flag operation where Egyptian Jews were recruited by Israeli Military Intelligence to plant bombs inside Egyptian, American, and British-owned civilian targets, their foiled plan was to blame the attacks on the Muslim Brotherhood:
Haaretz, TimesofIsrael, Wiki
EIGHT. Kafr Qasim Massacre (1956) where Israeli Border Police killed 49 Arabs (19 men, 6 women, 23 children, 1 unborn child) returning home from work during a curfew they were unaware of. Those involved in the massacre were found guilty but were pardoned and released from prison in a single year. The highest ranking official prosecuted for the massacre confessed before his death, that the massacre were planned to ethnically cleanse Israeli Arabs from the region, and that his trial was staged to protect Israeli political and military elites, including Prime Minister Ben Gurion, from taking responsibility for the massacre:
Wiki, Haaretz, 972mag, Medium
NINE. Apollo Affair (1965) an incident where 200-600 pounds of highly enriched uranium disappeared from a Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Highly suspected to have gone to Israel's Nuclear Program particularly given the visit of Rafi Eitan who was under the guise of a chemist but later revealed as an Israeli spy and who was later involved in the Jonathan Pollard incident:
Wiki, LATimes, Mondoweiss,
Archive of the findings of Roger Mattson, a Physicist who investigated the Incident for the Nuclear Regulatory Commision,
YouTube, 1968 FBI Report, FBI's Declassified Memo PDF
TEN. USS Liberty (1967) where Israel deliberately attacked an American Cargo Vessel killing 34 without any repurcussions:
YouTube, Haaretz, Wiki
EVEVEN. Operation Trojan (1986) according to ex-Mossad agent in his book, Mossad instigated the US bombing of Libya by planting a transmission device and impersonating as the Libyan Govt sending terrorist orders to its embassies around the world. (Story in Page 113-117) (Downloadable PDF File):
Other Side of Deception PDF
TWELVE. Cave of Patriarchs Massacre (1994) Israeli Settler Baruch Goldstein opened fire in Ibrahimi Mosque, killing 29 worshippers and wounding more than 125:
Wiki, JPost
THIRTEEN. Qana Massacre (1996) IDF fired artillery shells at a UN Compound where 800 Lebanese civillians were taking refuge. 106 civillians were killed, 116 injured, 4 Fiji UN forces were also seriously injured:
Wiki, AlAraby, Independent, DailyMotion
FOURTEEN. 2nd Qana Massacre (2006) air-strike carried out by IDF on a building Lebanon during the war. 28 civillians were killed out of which 16 were children. Upon investigation, IDF concluded that there was in fact no rocket launched from Qana on the day of the deadly strike by IDF:
Wiki, BBC, Norman Finkelstein
Sidenote
What is Zionism?
YouTube
Palestine before Zionism (Pre-1948):
Youtube (1896)
Youtube (1900s)
Youtube (1930s)
Youtube (1946 - Arrival of Illegal Zionist Immigrants)
Divide & Conquer: An interactive map explaining the Israel divide and control of Palestinian Land (2019):
Interactive Map
JIDF: Israeli Government is paying and giving away scholarships to students who fight internet battles and spread propaganda (2013):
BBC, USAToday, Huffington Post
Israel's JIDF Hasbara App (2017):
YouTube
App on GooglePlay where people defend Israel on Social Platforms to gain points (2019):
GooglePlay
Intl Law:
Apartheid Against Palestinians:
Protected Wiki
International Law (Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, UN Resolution 37/43) dictates that Palestinians have a legal right to an armed struggle to resist occupation:
Add. Protocol I, Geneva Conventions (PDF), UN Resolution 37/43 (PDF)
Israel's building of settlements in occupied territories such as the West Bank and East Jerusalem are illegal under international law, violating Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 as well as the Statute of Rome, Art. 8 (2)(b)(viii) which states: "The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.":
Wiki, UN, International Law on Occupation, Al Jazeera, Amnesty, Amnesty, B'Tselem, YouTube
Israel's destruction of homes in occupied territories such as the West Bank and East Jerusalem are illegal under international law, violating Article 53 of the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 which states: "Any destruction by the Occupying Power of real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private persons ... is prohibited, except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations.":
Fourth Geneva Convention (PDF)
Others:
Israeli former nuclear technician turned whistleblower was lured to Italy where Mossad drugged and abducted him back to Israel for the trial that was held secretly behind closed doors. He spent 18 years in prison, including more than 11 in solitary confinement. Says he suffered "cruel and barbaric treatment" at the hands of Israeli authorities while imprisoned because he was Christian. After his release in 2004, he was subjected to a broad array of very strict restrictions on his speech and movement (1986):
Wiki, Youtube, NYT, Guardian, CNN, Wired, Telegraph
2nd Intifada, 12 yr old boy shot dead, father severely injured (2000):
CNN, Twitter
Breaking the silence - targeting civilians with grenade machine guns during the 2nd Intifada (2000):
YouTube
5 Israelis working for an Israeli Company "Urban Moving Systems" were arrested on 9/11 after being seen photographing and celebrating the attack on the WTC. Owner of the company fled to Israel after the incident. FBI still lists him as a 9/11 suspect but Israel refuses to extradiate him (2001):
9/11 War by Deception, YouTube, Forward, NYT, Haaretz
Netanyahu caught on tape: "America is something that you can easily maneuver and move in the right direction" (2001):
YouTube
Netanyahu lying during his speech at the US House of Representatives on Saddam Hussiens WMDs which doesn't exist (2002):
YouTube
Tom Hurndall, a British Peace Activist, was shot in the head by an IDF sniper while he was helping Palestinian children flee from cross-fire in Rafah, Gaza strip. His killer was released from prison 2 years early of his 8-year sentence (2003):
Wiki, BBC, Guardian, Evening Standard
Rachel Corrie, American Activist who was run over by an Israeli bulldozer destroying Palestinian homes in Gaza (2003):
Imgur, BBC
Breaking the Silence, testimonies from IDF Whistleblowers (2004):
BreakingTheSilence
Not guilty, IDF Captain who empties his magazine on a 13yr old girl, says he would have done the same if she was 3 yrs old (2005):
Guardian
Phosphorus and cluster bombs which is illegal under international law heavily used by Israel during the Lebanon war (2006)
Haaretz
Israel celebrates Irgun Hotel Bombing (2006):
Telegraph
Former Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben Ami: “If I were a Palestinian, I Would Have Rejected Camp David” implying that the Camp David Summit Offer by Ehud Barak in 2000 was unreasonable and designed to be rejected (2006):
DemocracyNow
Jewish National Fund (a charity) owns 13% of the land in Israel and stipulates that only Jews can buy, mortgage or lease their land. (2007):
Economist, Wiki
Operation 'Cast Lead', estimated 1391 Palestinians killed, 759 to be civillians, 344 children, 110 women 13 Israeli killed, out of which 10 are soldiers (2008-2009):
BBC, Haaretz, Haaretz, Amnesty
Israel admits using White Phosphorus during their military offensive on Gaza (2009):
France24
Israeli Organization, Kav La Oved: "Israel owes billions of shekels to Palestinian workers" (2010) (Downloadable PDF File):
KavLaOved PDF
Using Palestinian captives as human shields (2010):
Imgur, Guardian, Haaretz, Haaretz
Gaza Flotilla, Israeli Commandos raid 6 civillians ships carrying humanitarian aid and construction materials, 9 activists were killed, 10 Israeli commandos wounded (2010):
Guardian, CNN
Hashomer, Haganah, Irgun and Lehi which operated against the British Government and Arabs in Palestine used to hide weapons in synagogues, women's rooms and kindergartens. Something Israel criticises Hamas of doing today. (2011):
Haaretz
IDF soldier caught kicking a Palestinian child (2012):
RT
Hierarchy of the Human species according to Eli Ben-Dahan, Israel's former deputy minister of defense: Goyims (Non-Jews) placed below Homosexual Jews (2013):
Haaretz
Israeli Trade Minister: "I've killed alot of Arabs in my life, there's no problem with that" (2013)
JPost
IDF soldier posting an Instagram pic of a Palestinian clild in his rifle crosshairs (2013):
Guardian
Ethiopian Jews injected with contraceptive birth control without their consent (2013):
Haaretz, Independent, Guardian
In 2013, Israel awarded 'Genie Energy', an American Oil and Gas company, rights to drill in Golan Heights (Syrian territory occupied by Israel) despite international opposition. In 2015, Israel claimed a massive discovery of oil in the area, which Israeli officials reportedly believe could supply the country’s oil needs for many years to come. (2013):
Here are the prominent figures in Genie Energy's Board of Advisors:
Jacob Rothschild (British banker of the prominent Rothschild family), Dick Cheney (Ex-Vice president of USA), Rupert Murdoch (Billionaire American Media Mogul), James Woolsey (Ex-CIA Director), Lawrence Summers (Ex-Head of US Treasury), Bill Richardson (Ex-Energy Secretary of USA), Michael Steinhardt (Wall Street Trader, Investor and Hedge Fund Manager)
BusinessInsider, TRTworld, Yahoo Finance
4 boys playing soccer in an open beach bombed by an Israeli warship, a later report in 2018 then revealed that it was two missiles fired from an Israeli armed drone that actually killed the boys (2014):
NYT, Intercept, Haaretz, Independent
Israeli police officers beating up a 15 year old boy a week after the boy's cousin was killed (2014):
BBC
Palestinian boy beaten and burned alive by Israeli settlers (2014):
Guardian, Wiki
Israelis cheering on the Gaza bombing (2014):
Guardian
Statistics of Palestinian children killed in Operation 'Protective Edge' (2014):
Telegraph
Avraham Shalom (Former Head of Shin Bet) compares Israel's Occupation to Nazi Germany's actions in WW2 towards the Czechs, Poles and Dutch (2014):
YouTube
Killing Gaza: Documentary on war crimes committed by the Israeli Military, with direct testimonies and evidence from survivors (2014):
KillingGaza
IDF beating up a Palestinian man who told them to stop firing tear gas (2015):
YouTube
Eli Ben-Dahan, Israel's former deputy defense minister: "Homosexual Jews are superior to Gentiles (Non-Jews), a jew always has a higher soul than a gentile, even if he is a homosexual" He also says "To me, they (Palestinians) are like animals, they aren't human" (2015):
TimesofIsrael
Israeli Foreign Minister says disloyal Arabs should be beheaded with an axe (2015):
WashingtonPost
Israeli Radicals celebrate by stabbing picture of Palestinian baby that was killed in a firebomb attack (2015):
Haaretz
Beitar Jerusalem, the most racist football fanbase in the world (2015):
YouTube
IDF Soldier assaults and beats up Palestinian Shopkeeper as he was loading boxes (2015):
YouTube
Former IDF Soldier Ido Gal Razon testifies to murdering people in Gaza (2015):
YouTube
Israeli racist police officer assaults their own african soldier (2015):
YouTube
Shir Hever, Israeli Economist: "78% of Palestinian aid money ends up going to Israel" (2015) (Downloadable PDF File):
ShirHever PDF
Many Palestinians including children are detained in Israeli prisons without trial or charges (2016):
Time, Haaretz, 972mag, B'Tselem
Jewish Community Watch: "Israel becoming a safe haven for paedophiles worldwide" (2016):
Independent
IDF Soldier throws disabled man out of his wheelchair after he attempts to help a 14yr old who was shot (2016):
Independent
IDF throws stun grenade at unarmed Palestinians talking outside their home (2016)
YouTube
IDF soldier laughs as Palestinian man is crushed at the gate (2016):
YouTube
IDF killing a 15yr old Palestinian travelling home from a family outing (2016):
Guardian
Report: Israel's repetitive destruction of EU-funded projects in Palestine (2016):
EuroMed
Reports of Torture during custody from Palestinians held imprisoned without charges or trial (2017):
Haaretz
IDF Veteran: "I was the terrorist" (2017):
YouTube
Israel seizes solar panels donated to Palestinians by the Dutch govt (2017):
Independent
Israelis speak candidly about Palestinians to Abby Martin, includes lots of racism (2017):
YouTube
Gaza: World's Largest Open-Air Prison (2018):
NRC
Sentence to 9 Months after killing 2 unarmed Palestinian teens (2018):
972mag, WashingtonPost
Unarmed protestor holding flag shot by live bullets (2018):
YouTube
Unarmed protester shot in the head during the protest (2018):
Gyfcat
IDF assaulting medics and injured protesters (2018):
Gyfcat
Abdullah Shamali, was shot while standing and talking with his friends 700 metres away from the fence (2018):
Twitter
Muhammad Ayoub, 15yr old was shot in the head while running away from the fence (2018):
YouTube
Mentally disabled man shot in the back of his head as he was walking away (2018):
Haaretz
Elderly man waving a flag and a medic got shot at by a live round (2018):
Gyfcat
Shot dead for waving flag (2018):
EgyptToday
Medic shot dead by an IDF sniper (2018):
WashingtonPost
IDF edits video of Palestinian Medic who was shot dead by them to misleadingly show that she was a human shield for Hamas and justify her death (2019):
Independent, BuzzFeed
Canadian Doctor shot by IDF sniper (2018):
CBC
Israeli Border police throws stun grenade at a Palestian couple and their infant baby as they were fleeing (2018):
YnetNews
IDF Snipers cheering as they shoot an unarmed Palestinian (2018):
Guardian
Similar incident, cheering after shooting a Palestinian (2018):
Guardian
"Nation State" Law gives Jews exclusive rights over Arabs living in Israel (2018):
Guardian
List of active discriminatory laws in Israel:
Adalah
Did you know that 97% of drinking water in Gaza (under Israeli control) is contaminated? (2018):
Haaretz
IDF Soldiers shooting tear gas into a Palestinian school (2018):
Haaretz
Israeli settlers beating up Palestinian farmer in front of his children (2018):
Haaretz
Former Chairman of Israel Labour Party says relationships between Jews and Non-Jews are "an actual plague" (2018):
Twitter
4 year old child dies 4 days after being shot by the IDF while protesting (2018):
Reuters, PressTV
An alternative view, Palestinian Christians on Israel (2018):
Youtube
Chief Rabbi calls black people "monkeys" in his weekly sermon (2018):
TimesofIsrael
Israel's Supreme Court rejects legal challenge on the military's rule where soldiers can fire on UNARMED protesters (2018):
APNews
Mohammed Tamimi, 16, who was shot in the head by Israeli forces held in prison for 2 days without explanation (2018):
Haaretz, Haaretz
Most demonstrators shot by the IDF with live rounds are unarmed and not in immediate vicinity of the perimeter fence (2018):
B'Tselem
IDF edited out key footage of Gaza missile strike which killed 2 Palestinian teenagers (2018):
Youtube, 972mag, B'Tselem
Multi Award-winning short documentary on the occupation of Gaza (2018):
YouTube
What if your whole family was being forcefully evicted from a home you lived in since 1948 to make way for new settlers? (2019)
Haaretz
Palestinian Boy on the way to school shot in the head by Israeli Police (2019):
Haaretz
Video of war crimes screened at UN Human Rights Council (2019):
Youtube
Top Rabbis in Israel defending and calling for donations to an Israeli charged with killing a Palestinian woman (2019):
Haaretz, Haaretz
Israeli politician tweeted a video of him shooting an Arab MP as a joke (2019):
Twitter
Israeli Settlers attack Palestinian Mother and her son (2019):
Gyfcat
IDF Harrasses ambulance crew and demands for their key (with sound) (2019):
Gyfcat
"Israel is the nation state of Jews alone" Netanyahu responds to TV star saying Arabs are equal citizens (2019):
Haaretz
Director of Human Rights Watch in Israel to be deported (2019):
Time
Arresting children in school, IDF threatened breaking the teacher's arm if he doesn't let go of his student (2019):
CNN
Is Israel Democratic? This is the voting rights of citizens living under Israeli control (2019):
Image
Netanyahu vows to annex West Bank (disputed territory filled w illegal settlements) if re-elected (2019):
BBC
IDF Soldiers laughing as they assault a Palestinian Father and Son handcuffed while in custody (2019):
i24News, Haaretz
Palestinian lawmaker held in Israeli jail for 2 years without any charge (2019):
Haaretz
Netanyahu's party secretly hires 1200 to ilegally film Arabs voting (2019):
NBCNews
IDF soldier convicted of manslaughter backing his friends for beating up Palestinian suspects in custody (2019):
TimesofIsrael
IDF beating a blind and diabetic man on his bed in his own home (2019):
Haaretz
Illegal settlers filmed attacking Palestinian family, no arrests made (2019):
Haaretz
IDF soldier shoots blindfolded and handcuffed Palestinian trying to flee, second soldier then points his gun to a group of bystanders, warning them to stay away or they'll too be shot (2019):
Independent, Haaretz
Israeli soldiers take down Palestinian flags during playground opening in Shufat refugee camp (2019):
Gyfcat
Malicious code, developed by Israeli company, NSO Group uses whatsapp calls to inject surveillance spyware on phones (2019):
FinancialTimes
Facebook busts Israel-based effort to distrupt and influence elections in Africa, Asia and Latin America (2019):
APNews, Huffington Post
IDF soldiers watches on as dozens of Israeli settlers throw rocks at Palestinians (2019):
Haaretz
Director-General of Reporters Without Borders: "When Israel shot those journalists, it was intentional, the journalists were clearly identified as journalists, with cameras and jackets" (2019):
JPost
IDF Soldiers assaults Palestinian man after raiding his village (2019):
Gyfcat
IDF blamed Palestinians for arson. Then a video emerged showing that it was Israeli settlers that was responsible (2019):
Haaretz
PART 2 & 3 CONTINUED IN COMMENT SECTION BELOW
submitted by invalidusermyass to Palestine [link] [comments]


2019.03.26 04:06 fallingfaint Explosively came out to my parents as Bi in high school. Haven't spoke of it since. Now 15+ years later, I'm terrified of coming out again as trans.

This will be long, I appreciate your patience and anyone who cares enough to hear me out. The timelines from my teen years are fuzzy are they're 15+ years in the past. TLDR at the bottom for those who wish to preserve their sanity.

I'll start this off by saying that I'm now in my early 30's. I started crossdressing earlier than I can even remember (pre-preteen) and as many who find themselves on the LGBT spectrum, I discovered I liked more than just cis-girls pretty early in my coming of age. Y2K comes and goes and now I'm pre-teen questioning their sexuality in the early-2000s, I had to turn to the internet for help but that just confused the matter even more. I've now discovered internet porn and soon thereafter discovered transgender porn, and tried exploring what this crossdressing side of me that was already there meant. Keep in mind this is this early-2000s, but I learned about the differences between 'transvestite,' & 'transexual' and 'crossdresser'. I learned about the terms homosexual, and lesbian, and bisexual. Thanks to Compuserv's dial-up and Altavista's unusual ability to search in the adult world, I was guided to places I shouldn't have been at the time. Even though I considered myself a smart kid, knowing how to delete web history, It was the family computer and I'm sure my parents knew how to see what I had been looking up.

It's now the mid-2000's. I got my own computer now! I've had two girlfriends, but now I have this one long-distance internet boyfriend (thanks to the Vampirefreaks website). I didn't want my parents to know about him. I'm not even sure I really considered him my boyfriend, we just said we were over chat and I thought he was cute, but isn't that all it really is when you're 15-16? He was extremely emo, femme, and fit in well with my already feminine desires and crossdressing that I also been continually developing. It's pretty easy to say that at that point in my life, I am more confused than ever before. My Yahoo messages with him were only a login away. My stash of female clothing probably wasn't hidden as well as I thought. This leads to one day.

Since I can't recall much else about this day, all I can assume is that it was otherwise a normal day of high school. I come home and find my Mom and Dad sitting in their usual spots in different rooms, watching different TVs. Normal day. “School was fine, nothing happened, no I don't have homework, I'll be in my room.” Normal day. I go into my room and there's a small stack of papers on my bed. My Mom loves her printer and driving directions from MapQuest are so much easier than directions from Aunt Betty, I'm not expecting much of it.

Instead what I found was a multiple page printout, probably from About.com, about homosexuality. What it is, what it means. At least 4 pages of information. I honestly cannot recall a single word that was on the pages past the title "WHAT IS HOMOSEXUALITY." What I do remember is the rage that instantly boiled over. I stormed out of my room and instantly began yelling at my Mother, my Father in the next room glaring at me, listening. I haven't yelled at my own parents since I was a kid. Try as I might, I don't remember all of what I said, It wasn't terrible and nothing family shattering, but I do remember that I was loud, upset, and couldn't understand why my own mother would confront me via pages from a printer instead of talking to me. I must have been letting go for at least a straight minute. She never said a word back, my Father sat in silence. I also remember how I ended my tirade.

"I'M BISEXUAL, OK?! I'M BI!" I exclaimed with tears in my eyes. I storm off back to my room. I knew at the time I didn't mean it, I just *knew* I wasn't gay, I felt it in my heart and my heart was insulted. I'll never know what both of my parents felt about me after that as that day was never spoken of again.

Shortly after, Internet VFBF and I end up falling out of touch and move on. As the next 15 years of my life pass, I find myself dating only women but between those periods of dating, also finding myself coming back to crossdressing. Building up a secret collection of female clothes, only to purge it all once I found myself committed to a relationship again. I figured was straight with secret a crossdressing fetish, and that day I came out has long since faded from my memory.

Some retrospective: I see now that, as per usual, your parents know you better than you think. The printout on my bed was my Mom's way of trying to open up that line of communication to me so we can discuss it. I responded in a very teenager way and now I am paying for it in my confusion today.

It's now 2017. I'm a little over two years removed from a very bad breakup. Two years into an extremely dark point of depression and two years removed from touch of another person. During this time my it's found that my Father has cancer and it's not good. I move back home and I'm made his primary caretaker, I make his last few months at home in hospice as comfortable at possible. Less than nine months from date of diagnosis and he's passed on. I still miss him terribly. I feel like I've grown more in this last year than in the last 30. I'm not sure why but after his passing, I feel like I've now been granted permission to become who I am. I begin exploring the feminine side of my life like I've never before. I realized this feminine side of me IS a part of me. I made myself a promise to figure out what it meant, is this a fetish, or am I meant to be a female? Suddenly the thought of me being seriously bisexual comes into my forefront and that one day comes back to me. I wonder and hope that my Mother forgot that day too.

It's now 2019. I've been living at home this whole time, trying to get my life back on track and it's been an enlightening couple years. I've full accepted my bisexuality. Slowly transforming myself from a bearded man with short hair living in band tees and black jeans (who hates his body) to a colorful feminine guy, body shaved smooth, shoulder-length false-colored hair (who more/less accepts their body). Because of the changes I've made to myself to be more me, I've mostly come out of my depression. Sometimes I do full face makeup before going out to an event, sometimes I paint my nails. She's seen all of this. My mother has watched her son transform in-front of her eyes, she loves me all the same. I've had plenty of private and public exploration while fully transformed into a female. Hell, I'm even sure she's found some of my lingerie. HA! But at home, at most I'm just an effeminate man, she has yet to meet me as fully transformed female. Now just recently going through the steps of starting a new relationship for the first time since 2015, as a trans-female with another trans-female. I have every intention of contacting a transition friendly psychologist in my area soon to begin to figure out with 100% certainty whether these are the next steps I want to take.



Finally this brings me to my fear.

I'm now 100% sure she remember my outburst 15 years ago and I'm 100% sure that's why she hasn't said a word to me. I'm absolutely terrified. While there's a part of me that feels that since she's my mom and knows me better than I think, she's just waiting for the day that I say it. Another part of me feels that having an effeminate son is just as far as she'll tolerate.

The reason I feel this way is mostly her Christianity (and now suddenly all of the redditors realize the dilemma). I had a very active Christian upbringing and I left the church on my own accords when I was 17, with no ill will. She encourages me from time to time to come back, but never pushing it. She is extremely devoted to her faith. I have no intention of challenging that. It has brought her back from deep depression, given her great friends after Dad's passing, and a sense of belonging. Thankfully the church she attends is far from a "fire and brimstone" ministry. She avoids those types of churches anyway. I've always known my Mom as one of the 'good' Christians. She is not a blind faith follower, she forgives easily, loves those around her, and she doesn't seem to have a single hateful bone in her body. She accepts transgender and gay people as part of this world, even though she has trouble understanding them.

And now the little devil on my shoulder is telling me that coming out as trans and confirming my sexuality (from 15 years ago) is going to cut that last piece of rope that my Mom was holding on to in hope that I'd come back to God. And that this will break her heart, then I will become just another story about their parents rejecting their children in lieu of their faith.

I was hoping that writing this out would help me realize that I'm being silly. That my mother is going to accept me and love me no matter what sexuality, gender, color, or species I am. However it hasn't and the devil is still dancing on my shoulder. Does /LGBT have any advice or words of wisdom that can help me?


OH. All of this doesn't take into consideration my Brother, who is a textbook military father, & Trump supporter. While I am admittedly afraid of losing contact with my nephew and niece, whom I both love very much, him and his family live across the country. I feel like with him I would have time to mend bridges over many phone calls. But I see my Mother every day. :/



TLDR: Parents though I was gay when I was a teenager. Yelled at my parents that I was bi, when I wasn't even sure myself. Haven't talked about it since. 15 years later, I'm pretty sure I'm trans and terrified to come out all over again.
submitted by fallingfaint to lgbt [link] [comments]


2018.11.28 06:23 noitanitsederp Pretty sure I have mommy issues and maybe daddy. Where do I go from here?

23M here. Been looking here and there through red pill stuff the last couple months. I have started to develop a strong desire to be a more masculine Christian.
Something that has been hitting me hard is my upbringing. My mother is basically the lead of the house while my dad is usually passive. She also oftens yells and has anger episodes. As I got older I realized that since there was 6 of us kids she was under a lot of stress. But more and more it just seems like she is a bully who has no emotional control and commicates through yelling.
Earlier this year when I was still living at home, she went on one of her episodes at my two younger sisters. She basically paced from room to room yelling that my sisters were stupid idiots. It started because they didn't want to go to some youth event. I got sick of it and became the next victim. A few weeks before this, I saw a tab she left open on our home computer. To sum it up, she often posts comments on Yahoo articles and it's incrediblely hateful. It was sad to see the toxic things she says. She uses foul language which is something that actually shocked me because she doesn't in real life and often told us not to. She often comments on gay marriage and immigrantion articles where she bashes gay people and says racist things. Anway I ended up deciding to show her what I found during her episode. She then said I stalk her, i'm crazy, i'm mentally ill, and yelled repeatedly that something is wrong with my head. I didn't say a single thing. I just stood there and stared her down. I would always argue in return and it just made things worse, so I wanted to try something new. In retrospect it wasn't the best time to do something like that. But in the moment it was so frustrating to see her go off at my sisters. I know how it is and I took it very personal. I was keeping inside what I found to, and that was irratiting and stressful to deal with. The toxicity of her actions online made me sick. My dad was there the whole time to and he gets up finally when she starts the yelling at me and it was to reason with me to back off since the situation wasn't good.
Anyway, last year when I was 22 I had my first relationship....with a 30 year single mom. It just screams mommy issues to me and after spending time to look rationally at it, i'm convinced. My mother never said I love you or said anything encouraging and positive. It seemed like she only spent time trying to disciplining me. Meanwhile the woman I was dating was incredibly caring and loving to everyone around her. The way she treated her daughter especially was really inspiring. I feel fairly confident that I wasn't looking at her as my mother figure though. Most of the relationship consisted of me simply coming over and us just hanging out, talking, watching tv, etc. To me, nothing really indicates to me seeing her as my mother. But the fact that she was a great mom was really encouraging to me because it was a comfort to know that I had a partner that is capable of being a loving mom.
I wasn't a leader in the relationship at all. I was anxious often and was indifferent to a lot as a result. I was comfortable with just spending my time getting to know her. Honestly we were like some kind of super friends that had perks of a realtionship.
I want to be better than this. I'm still not a leader, or confident, etc. I'm struggling with different things and it's hard to get a good start. The examples I had growing up, I don't see as healthy. I see my father as an enabler of my mom's behavior. There have been other family members who said they see him get treated bad by my mom and he just allows it. He is always called the nice guy. I have been as well and I don't want to be stuck like that and desire to grow to be more. I honesty feel like my dad wasn't a leader and I can't learn from him and that's frustrating and sad to me.
I half hearted decisions to come to Christ several times for many years. I now have a strong desire to be baptized soon. I'm ready, but I have been struggling with involving my faith and God with these issues. I am aware of these issues I have with my mother. She is how she is and I don't see her changing anytime soon. I definitely do see her as toxic and have distanced myself from her, but still keep somewhat contact to maintain a relationship with the younger siblings. These family issues just seem to continuously impact me and I think about it often and all I want to do now is grow from it.
Confidence in myself is something I really want to work on as I don't have to much going for me as a individual. I'm natually a quiet person so that doesn't help. English is my second language so that makes it even worse as I still stuggle with words here and there. Talking with confidence and asssertiveness is really difficult for me and it's annoying at this point. Wanted to know where to start on that.
submitted by noitanitsederp to RPChristians [link] [comments]


2018.10.09 17:01 JCoxRocks Panthers NFL Power Rankings - Week 6

PANTHERS POWER RANKINGS

Outlet Rank Last Week Weekly Change Notes
YAHOO 5 6 ↑ 1 Curtis Samuel isn’t going to be a high-volume receiver, but a dynamic 25-yard touchdown in his first game this season was a great sign. Samuel is a big-play receiver, a second-round pick just a year ago, and he can really help the Panthers offense if he stays healthy.
ESPN 8 11 ↑ 3 Rest-of-season SOS ranking: 3rd. The Panthers' toughest remaining game, according to FPI, is a Week 10 matchup in Pittsburgh against the Steelers. FPI gives Carolina a 30 percent chance to win, and has been on point for the Panthers as it has correctly predicted their past 13 games.
FANSIDED 9 8 ↓ 1 Recap: There have been numerous occasions already this season in which the Carolina Panthers’ defense has been a little Jekyll and Hyde. And on Sunday, the visiting New York Giants rolled up 432 total yards – 238 in the second half – and Ron Rivera’s team was burned for 15 points in the final 8:08 of the game. It allowed Eli Manning and company to take a one-point lead with 68 seconds remaining. But resourceful Cam Newton, who totaled just as many touchdown passes (2) as interception, guided his team down the field and put kick Graham Gano in position for a 63-yard field goal attempt. Certainly not ideal, but all’s well that ends well. Next Week: It shapes up as a very intriguing game at Rivera’s Panthers head to FedExField for the second time in three years and take on the very-intriguing Washington Redskins. All told, Carolina has gotten the best of this series as of late, winning five consecutive meetings dating back to 2009. Playoff hopes: The Panthers came out of the gates strong, squandered a 14-point lead and fell behind but still managed to come away with a win. It was an erratic performance by Rivera’s squad but it was a big win within the conference. The Carolina defense has been a bit up and down this year and needs to develop some consistency.
WASHINGTON POST 4 5 ↑ 1 The Panthers were aided by plenty of good fortune in the closing moments against the Giants, first the generous spot for the first down and then the unbelievable kick by Gano for the winning 63-yard FG. But, then, most successful seasons are aided by such doses of good luck.
USA TODAY 6 7 ↑ 1 Good news? Julius Peppers six sacks from passing Kevin Greene for third place on all-time list. Bad news? That sentence nearly 10 months old.
BLEACHER REPORT 7 10 ↑ 3 Graham Gano deserves a raise. Carolina's kicker bailed his teammates out in a huge way in Week 5, hitting a game-winning 63-yard field goal as time expired to lift the Panthers to 3-1. You read that right. Sixty-three yards. Tied an NFL record. However, the Panthers never should have been in this position. Not coming off the bye week. Not against a bad New York Giants team. Quarterback Cam Newton was inconsistent and sloppy with the ball, tossing a pair of interceptions. Christian McCaffrey and the ground game were quiet. The Panthers managed just a single sack against a bad New York line. Carolina's schedule tightens up from here. Of the team's next five games, just one is against a team that presently has a losing record. If the Panthers want to keep pace with the Saints, they need to tighten things up as well. "I know a win's a win," Gagnon said, "but it's rather embarrassing that the Panthers needed a miraculous walk-off field goal to beat the lowly Giants at home coming off a bye week. They're still a contender, but I'm worried about a potential lack of consistency."
NFL NETWORK 5 5 - Graham Gano should not have to pay for any Michelob Ultras for a while in Charlotte. Lindsey Graham should buy Gano a whiskey or two. (Oh wait, wrong Carolina.) Well, anyway, that was one of the most clutch kicks in NFL history. While not as long as Matt Prater's league-record 64-yarder ... like former record holder Tom Dempsey's 63-yard launch, this sucker won the football game at the gun. Bailed out the Panthers secondary, which allowed the deep ball to Sterling Shepard that helped the Giants pull ahead in the waning moments. Speaking of, nice to see Eric Reid getting a start back there. He's been a solid safety since coming into the league in 2013. Welcome back.
CBS SPORTS 6 8 ↑ 2 They almost blew the Giants game, but managed to steal one late. They face a tough road game against the Redskins this week.
submitted by JCoxRocks to panthers [link] [comments]


2018.07.17 01:46 Chtorrr cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). For technical reasons, "Cat #1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 (album). Domestic cat[1] Cat poster 1.jpg Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification e Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758[2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination)[3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym)[4]
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus)[1][5] is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats[6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.[7]
Cats have a high breeding rate.[8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.[9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations.[10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 87 species of birds,[11] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction.[12]
Because cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,[13] but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7500 BC).[14] A genetic study in 2007[15] concluded that all domestic cats are descended from Near Eastern wildcats, having diverged around 8000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16] A 2016 study found that leopard cats were undergoing domestication independently in China around 5500 BC, though this line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domesticated populations of today.[17][18] A 2017 study confirmed that domestic cats are descendants of those first domesticated by farmers in the Near East around 9,000 years ago.[19][20]
As of a 2007 study, cats are the second-most popular pet in the U.S. by number of pets owned, behind freshwater fish.[21] In a 2010 study, they were ranked the third-most popular pet in the UK, after fish and dogs, with around 8 million being owned.[22]
Contents 1 Taxonomy and evolution 2 Nomenclature and etymology 3 Biology 3.1 Anatomy 3.2 Physiology 3.2.1 Nutrition 3.3 Senses 3.4 Health 3.4.1 Diseases 3.5 Genetics 4 Behavior 4.1 Sociability 4.2 Communication 4.3 Grooming 4.4 Fighting 4.5 Hunting and feeding 4.6 Running 4.7 Play 4.8 Reproduction 5 Ecology 5.1 Habitats 5.2 Feral cats 5.3 Impact on prey species 5.4 Impact on birds 6 Interaction with humans 6.1 Cat show 6.2 Cat café 6.3 Ailurophobia 6.4 Cat bites 6.5 Infections transmitted from cats to humans 6.6 History and mythology 6.6.1 Superstitions and cat burning 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Taxonomy and evolution Main article: Cat evolution The domestic cat is a member of the cat family, the felids, which are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10–15 million years ago[23] and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme).[1][24] Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti), and the Arabian sand cat (F. margarita), among others.[25]
The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose range covers vast portions of the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa.[26][27] Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago the animal gave rise to the genetic lineage that eventually produced all domesticated cats,[28] having diverged from the Near Eastern wildcat around 8,000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16]
The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae published in 1758.[1][2] Because of modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][29][30] This has resulted in mixed usage of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][29][30] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[30] but in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature fixed the name for wildcats as F. silvestris.[31] The most common name in use for the domestic cat remains F. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat has been called Felis domesticus[32] as proposed by German naturalist J. C. P. Erxleben in 1777,[33] but these are not valid taxonomic names and have been used only rarely in scientific literature.[34] A population of Transcaucasian black feral cats was once classified as Felis daemon (Satunin 1904) but now this population is considered to be a part of the domestic cat.[35]
All the cats in this genus share a common ancestor that is believed to have lived around 6–7 million years ago in the Near East (the Middle East).[36] The exact relationships within the Felidae are close but still uncertain,[37][38] e.g. the Chinese mountain cat is sometimes classified (under the name Felis silvestris bieti) as a subspecies of the wildcat, like the North African variety F. s. lybica.[29][37]
Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the cat goddess Bastet. The earliest evidence of felines as Egyptian deities comes from c. 3100 BC. In comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat is not radically different from those of wildcats and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[39][40] Fully domesticated house cats often interbreed with feral F. catus populations,[41] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat. This limited evolution during domestication means that hybridisation can occur with many other felids, notably the Asian leopard cat.[42] Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have predisposed them for domestication as pets.[40] These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.[43]:12–17 Several small felid species may have an inborn tendency towards tameness.[40]
Cats have either a mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated. In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.[44] This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.[29] The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages.[29]
Nomenclature and etymology The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial. It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus, 'domestic cat', from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[45][46] compare also Byzantine Greek κάττα, Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, Maltese qattus, Lithuanian katė, and Old Church Slavonic kotъ (kotka), among others.[47] The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska, 'wildcat', and Nubian kadīs as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender suggesets the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة qiṭṭa.[48] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Ancient Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, 'tomcat', or its feminine form suffixed with -t,[49] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[48] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe, 'female stoat', and Hungarian hölgy, 'stoat'; from Proto-Uralic *käďwä, 'female (of a furred animal)'.[50] In any case, cat is a classic example of a Wanderwort.
An alternative word is English puss (extended as pussy and pussycat). Attested only from the 16th century, it may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.[51][52]
A group of cats can be referred to as a clowder or a glaring;[53] a male cat is called a tom or tomcat[54] (or a gib,[55] if neutered); an unspayed female is called a queen,[56] especially in a cat-breeding context; and a juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire,[57] and its mother is its dam[58] In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now obsolete word catling.[59]
A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization. A purebred (or pure-bred) cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. Many pedigreed and especially purebred cats are exhibited as show cats. Cats of unrecorded, mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired or domestic long-haired cats (by coat type), or commonly as random-bred, moggies (chiefly British), or (using terms borrowed from dog breeding) mongrels or mutt-cats.
While the African wildcat is the ancestral subspecies from which domestic cats are descended, and wildcats and domestic cats can completely interbreed (being subspecies of the same species), several intermediate stages occur between domestic pet and pedigree cats on one hand and entirely wild animals on the other. The semi-feral cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households. Truly feral cats are associated with human habitation areas, foraging for food and sometimes intermittently fed by people, but are typically wary of human interaction.[41]
Biology Anatomy Main article: Cat anatomy
Diagram of the general anatomy of a male Domestic cats are similar in size to the other members of the genus Felis, typically weighing between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb).[37] Some breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Conversely, very small cats, less than 2 kg (4 lb), have been reported.[60] The world record for the largest cat is 21 kg (50 lb).[61][self-published source] The smallest adult cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1 kg (2 lb).[61] Feral cats tend to be lighter, as they have more limited access to food than house cats. The Boston Cat Hospital weighted trapped feral cats, and found the average feral adult male to weigh 4 kg (9 lb), and average adult female 3 kg (7 lb).[62] Cats average about 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height and 46 cm (18 in) in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 cm (12 in) in length;[63] feral cats may be smaller on average.
Cats have seven cervical vertebrae, as do almost all mammals; 13 thoracic vertebrae (humans have 12); seven lumbar vertebrae (humans have five); three sacral vertebrae like most mammals (humans have five); and a variable number of caudal vertebrae in the tail (humans have only vestigial caudal vertebrae, fused into an internal coccyx).[64]:11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's spinal mobility and flexibility. Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, the shoulder, and the pelvis.[64] :16 Unlike human arms, cat forelimbs are attached to the shoulder by free-floating clavicle bones which allow them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their head.[65]
Cat skull The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.[66]:35 Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat. When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.[67] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae.[67] The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.[66]:37 Although cats tend to have better teeth than most humans, with decay generally less likely because of a thicker protective layer of enamel, a less damaging saliva, less retention of food particles between teeth, and a diet mostly devoid of sugar, they are nonetheless subject to occasional tooth loss and infection.[68]
Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades. They walk directly on their toes, with the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg.[69] Cats are capable of walking very precisely because, like all felines, they directly register; that is, they place each hind paw (almost) directly in the print of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks. This also provides sure footing for their hind paws when they navigate rough terrain. Unlike most mammals, when cats walk, they use a "pacing" gait; that is, they move the two legs on one side of the body before the legs on the other side. This trait is shared with camels and giraffes. As a walk speeds up into a trot, a cat's gait changes to be a "diagonal" gait, similar to that of most other mammals (and many other land animals, such as lizards): the diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.[70]
Like almost all members of the Felidae, cats have protractable and retractable claws.[71] In their normal, relaxed position, the claws are sheathed with the skin and fur around the paw's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.[72] Cats can voluntarily extend their claws on one or more paws. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.[73] The fifth front claw (the dewclaw) is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger". This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the paws of big cats and dogs. It has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping. Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly (extra toes and claws).[73] These are particularly common along the northeast coast of North America.[74]
Physiology Cats are familiar and easily kept animals, and their physiology has been particularly well studied; it generally resembles those of other carnivorous mammals, but displays several unusual features probably attributable to cats' descent from desert-dwelling species.[32] For instance, cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures: Humans generally start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes about 38 °C (100 °F), but cats show no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °C (126 °F),[66]:46 and can tolerate temperatures of up to 56 °C (133 °F) if they have access to water.[75]
Normal physiological values[76]:330 Body temperature 38.6 °C (101.5 °F) Heart rate 120–140 beats per minute Breathing rate 16–40 breaths per minute
Thermograph of various body parts of a cat Cats conserve heat by reducing the flow of blood to their skin and lose heat by evaporation through their mouths. Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,[77] and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures[78] (but may also pant when stressed). A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.[79]:1 Cats' feces are comparatively dry and their urine is highly concentrated, both of which are adaptations to allow cats to retain as much water as possible.[32] Their kidneys are so efficient, they can survive on a diet consisting only of meat, with no additional water,[80] and can even rehydrate by drinking seawater.[81][79]:29While domestic cats are able to swim, they are generally reluctant to enter water as it quickly leads to exhaustion.[82]
Nutrition Cats are obligate carnivores: their physiology has evolved to efficiently process meat, and they have difficulty digesting plant matter.[32] In contrast to omnivores such as rats, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein.[32] A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.[83] These traits severely limit the cat's ability to digest and use plant-derived nutrients, as well as certain fatty acids.[83] Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, several vegetarian or vegan cat foods have been marketed that are supplemented with chemically synthesized taurine and other nutrients, in attempts to produce a complete diet. However, some of these products still fail to provide all the nutrients cats require,[84] and diets containing no animal products pose the risk of causing severe nutritional deficiencies.[85] However, veterinarians in the United States have expressed concern that many domestic cats are overfed.[86]
Cats do eat grass occasionally. A proposed explanation is that cats use grass as a source of folic acid. Another is that it is used to supply dietary fiber, helping the cat defecate more easily and expel parasites and other harmful material through feces and vomit.[87]
Cats are unusually dependent on a constant supply of the amino acid arginine, and a diet lacking arginine causes marked weight loss and can be rapidly fatal.[88] Arginine is an essential additive in cat food because cats have low levels of the enzymes aminotransferase and pyrroline-5-carboxylate which are responsible for the synthesis of ornithine and citrulline in the small intestine.[89] Citrulline would typically go on to the kidneys to make arginine, but because cats have a deficiency in the enzymes that make it, citrulline is not produced in adequate quantities to make arginine. Arginine is essential in the urea cycle in order to convert the toxic component ammonia into urea that can then be excreted in the urine. Because of its essential role, deficiency in arginine results in a build up of toxic ammonia and leads to hyperammonemia.[89] The symptoms of hyperammonemia include lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, hyperesthesia and can be serious enough to induce death and coma in a matter of days if a cat is being fed an arginine-free diet. The quick onset of these symptoms is due to the fact that diets devoid in arginine will typically still contain all of the other amino acids, which will continue to be catabolized by the body, producing mass amounts of ammonia that very quickly build up with no way of being excreted.
Another unusual feature is that the cat cannot produce taurine,[note 1] with a deficiency in this nutrient causing macular degeneration, wherein the cat's retina slowly breaks down, causing irreversible blindness.[32] This is due to the hepatic activity of cystinesulfinic acid decarboxylase being low in cats.[91] This limits the ability of cats to biosynthesize the taurine they need from its precursor, the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately results in inadequate taurine production needed for normal function.[91] Deficiencies in taurine result in compensated function of feline cardiovascular and reproductive systems.[91] These abnormalities can also be accompanied by developmental issues in the central nervous system along with degeneration of the retina.[91]
In order to produce the essential vitamin niacin for use in the cat, tryptophan is needed for conversion purposes. However, due to a competing pathway with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), niacin can become deficient and require supplementation.[92] This process occurs when an overactive enzyme, picolinic acid carboxylase, converts the vitamin B6 precursor picolinic acid into the alternate compound acetyl-CoA, instead of converting quinolinate into nictotinic acid mononlucleotide (niacin).[93] Niacin is required in cats as it supports enzyme function. If niacin is deficient in the diet, anorexia, weight loss and an increase in body temperature can result.[94]
Preformed vitamin A is required in the cat for retinal and reproductive health. Vitamin A is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin and is seen as essential in a cat's diet. Normally, the conversion of beta-carotenes into vitamin A occurs in the intestine (more specifically the mucosal layer) of species, however cats lack the ability to undergo this process.[92] Both the kidney and liver are contributors to the use of vitamin A in the body of the majority of species while the cats liver does not produce the enzyme Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase which converts the beta-carotene into retinol (vitamin A).[95] To summarize: cats do not have high levels of this enzyme leading to the cleavage and oxidation of carotenoids not taking place.[93]
Vitamin D3 is a dietary requirement for cats as they lack the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 from sunlight.[96] Cats obtain high levels of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholestrol delta 7 reductase which causes immediate conversion of vitamin D3 from sunlight to 7-dehydrocholesterol.[97] This fat soluble vitamin is required in cats for bone formation through the promotion of calcium retention, along with nerve and muscle control through absorption of calcium and phosphorus.[97]
Cats, like all mammals, need to get linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, from their diet. Most mammals can convert linoleic acid to arachidonic acid, as well as the omega 3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) through the activity of enzymes, but this process is very limited in cats.[92] The Δ6-desaturase enzyme eventually converts linoleic acid, which is in its salt form linoleate, to arachidonate (salt form of arachidonic acid) in the liver, but this enzyme has very little activity in cats.[92] This means that arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid for cats as they lack the ability to create required amounts of linoleic acid. Deficiency of arachidonic acid in cats is related to problems in growth, can cause injury and inflammation to skin (e.g. around the mouth) decreased platelet aggregation, fatty liver, increase in birth defects of kittens whose queens were deficient during pregnancy, and reproductive failure in queens.[92] Arachidonic acid can also be metabolized to eicosanoids that create inflammatory responses which are needed to stimulate proper growth and repair mechanisms in the cat.[98]
Cat food § Nutrient chart provides a list of the many nutrients cats require as well as the use of the nutrients in the body and the effects of the deficiency.
Senses Main article: Cat senses
Reflection of camera flash from the tapetum lucidum Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.[66]:43 This is partly the result of cat eyes having a tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye, thereby increasing the eye's sensitivity to dim light.[99] Another adaptation to dim light is the large pupils of cats' eyes. Unlike some big cats, such as tigers, domestic cats have slit pupils.[100] These slit pupils can focus bright light without chromatic aberration, and are needed since the domestic cat's pupils are much larger, relative to their eyes, than the pupils of the big cats.[100] At low light levels, a cat's pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of its eyes.[101] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision and (like most nonprimate mammals) have only two types of cones, optimized for sensitivity to blue and yellowish green; they have limited ability to distinguish between red and green.[102] A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of cone. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.[103]
Cats have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.[104][105] Cats can hear ultrasound, which is important in hunting[106] because many species of rodents make ultrasonic calls.[107] However, they do not communicate using ultrasound like rodents do. Cats' hearing is also sensitive and among the best of any mammal,[104] being most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz.[108] This sensitivity is further enhanced by the cat's large movable outer ears (their pinnae), which both amplify sounds and help detect the direction of a noise.[106]
Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, about 5.8 cm2 (0.90 in2) in area, which is about twice that of humans.[109] Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol,[110] which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.[111] Many cats also respond strongly to plants that contain nepetalactone, especially catnip, as they can detect that substance at less than one part per billion.[112] About 70–80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone.[113] This response is also produced by other plants, such as silver vine (Actinidia polygama) and the herb valerian; it may be caused by the smell of these plants mimicking a pheromone and stimulating cats' social or sexual behaviors.[114]
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans (470 or so versus more than 9,000 on the human tongue).[115] Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, leaving them with no ability to taste sweetness.[116] Their taste buds instead respond to acids, amino acids like protein, and bitter tastes.[117] Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats also have a distinct temperature preference for their food, preferring food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F) which is similar to that of a fresh kill and routinely rejecting food presented cold or refrigerated (which would signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing).[115]
The whiskers of a cat are highly sensitive to touch. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (vibrissae) over their body, especially their faces. These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.[66]:47
File:BIOASTRONAUTICS RESEARCH Gov.archives.arc.68700.ogv Comparison of cat righting reflexes in gravity versus zero gravity Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places, or perching. In the wild, a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats may strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch, as does a leopard.[118] Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. During a fall from a high place, a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility.[119] This is known as the cat righting reflex. An individual cat always rights itself in the same way, provided it has the time to do so, during a fall. The height required for this to occur is around 90 cm (3.0 ft). Cats without a tail (e.g. many specimens of the Manx and Cymric breeds) also have this ability, since a cat mostly relies on leg movement and conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing, and the tail is little used for this feat.[120] Their excellent sense of balance allows cats to move with great stability. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters can right itself and land on its paws.[121]
Health Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent years. In the early 1980s, it was about seven years,[122]:33[123] rising to 9.4 years in 1995[122]:33 and 15.1 years in 2018.[124] However, cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s,[125] with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38.[126]
Spaying or neutering increases life expectancy: one study found neutered male cats live twice as long as intact males, while spayed female cats live 62% longer than intact females.[122]:35 Having a cat neutered confers health benefits, because castrated males cannot develop testicular cancer, spayed females cannot develop uterine or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of mammary cancer.[127]
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.[128]:45[129]:1358 [130][131][132][133]
Diseases Main article: Feline diseases A wide range of health problems may affect cats, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.[134]
Genetics Main article: Cat genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes[135] and roughly 20,000 genes.[136] About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors.[137] The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.[138][139]
Behavior See also: Cat behavior and Cat intelligence A black-and-white cat on a fence A cat on a fence Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.[140][141] The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.[142] Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point, and are known to establish territories that vary considerably in size, in one study ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17–69 acres).[141]
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period. While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.[143]
Sociability
Social grooming Although wildcats are solitary, the social behavior of domestic cats is much more variable and ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.[144][145] Within such groups, one cat is usually dominant over the others.[34] Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the largest territories, which are about 10 times larger than those of female cats and may overlap with several females' territories.[111] These territories are marked by urine spraying, by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.[111] Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling, and if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks. Despite some cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not have a social survival strategy, or a pack mentality, and always hunt alone.[146]
Cat with an Alaskan Malamute dog However, some pet cats are poorly socialized. In particular, older cats may show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which may include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.[147]
Though cats and dogs are often characterized as natural enemies, they can live together if correctly socialized.[148]
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically, the human keeper of a cat may function as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother,[149] and adult housecats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood,[150] a form of behavioral neoteny. The high-pitched sounds housecats make to solicit food may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly hard for humans to ignore.[151]
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.[152]
Communication Main article: Cat communication Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling/snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing.[7] (By contrast, feral cats are generally silent.)[153]:208 Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of the whole body, and kneading of the paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats;[154][155] for example, a raised tail acts as a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility. Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy, with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate animals.[155] Nose-to-nose touching is also a common greeting and may be followed by social grooming, which is solicited by one of the cats raising and tilting its head.[145]
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens. Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,[156][157] or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive. The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound.[158] It was, until recent times, believed that only the cats of the Felis genus could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard) also produce non-continuous sounds, called chuffs, similar to purring, but only when exhaling.[159]
Grooming
The hooked papillae on a cat's tongue act like a hairbrush to help clean and detangle fur. File:Housecat Grooming Itself.webm A tabby housecat uses its brush-like tongue to groom itself, licking its fur to straighten it. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.[160] The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them rigid[161] so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.[160]
Fighting Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females.[162] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.[163] Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home.[162] Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.[164]
An arched back, raised fur and an open-mouthed hiss can all be signs of aggression in a domestic cat. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.[154] Often, the ears are pointed down and back to avoid damage to the inner ear and potentially listen for any changes behind them while focused forward. They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.[165]
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.[166] Sexually active males are usually involved in many fights during their lives, and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and cuts to their ears and nose.[167]
Hunting and feeding
A cat that is playing with a caught mouse. Cats play with their prey to weaken or exhaust them before making a kill.
A domestic cat with its prey Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,[168] and are often used as a form of pest control.[169][170] Domestic cats are a major predator of wildlife in the United States, killing an estimated 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals annually.[171][172] The bulk of predation in the United States is done by 80 million feral and stray cats. Effective measures to reduce this population are elusive, meeting opposition from cat enthusiasts.[171][172] In the case of free-ranging pets, equipping cats with bells and not letting them out at night will reduce wildlife predation.[168]
Free-fed feral cats and house cats tend to consume many small meals in a single day, although the frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.[146] Cats use two hunting strategies, either stalking prey actively, or waiting in ambush until an animal comes close enough to be captured.[173] Although it is not certain, the strategy used may depend on the prey species in the area, with cats waiting in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.[174]:153
Perhaps the best known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.[175] This behavior is referred to in the idiom "cat-and-mouse game" or simply "cat and mouse".
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy, in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.[176] Anthropologist and zoologist Desmond Morris, in his 1986 book Catwatching, suggests, when cats bring home mice or birds, they are attempting to teach their human to hunt, or trying to help their human as if feeding "an elderly cat, or an inept kitten".[177][178] Morris's hypothesis is inconsistent with the fact that male cats also bring home prey, despite males having negligible involvement with raising kittens.[174]:153
Domestic cats select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.[85][146] Cats may reject novel flavors (a response termed neophobia) and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.[146] They may also avoid sugary foods and milk. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant; the sugars in milk are not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.[146][179] They can also develop odd eating habits. Some cats like to eat or chew on other things, most commonly wool, but also plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil, or even coal. This condition, pica, can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten.[180][181]
Though cats usually prey on animals less than half their size, a feral cat in Australia has been photographed killing an adult pademelon of around the cat's weight at 4 kg (8.8 lb).[182]
Since cats lack sufficient lips to create suction,[183] they use a lapping method with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.[184]
Running A veterinarian and columnist for Mercola Healthy Pets, Karen Shaw Becker, has compiled a list of the fastest and most athletic cat breeds. First is the Egyptian Mau, which can clock up to 30 miles per hour, faster than any other domestic cat breed in the world.[185][unreliable source] In descending order, Becker lists the other swift domestic cats: the Abyssinian cat, the Somali cat, the Bengal cat, the Savannah cat, the Manx cat ("He can jump and accelerate through the house like there's no tomorrow. Watch for his sharp turns and quick stops – you'll think he's a mini sports car in the shape of a cat."), the Siamese cat, the Ocicat, and the Oriental Shorthair.
The average house cat can outspeed the average house dog (excluding those born to run and race, such as the greyhound and the cheetah), but they excel at sprinting, not at long-distance running.
Play Main article: Cat play and toys File:Play fight between cats.webmhd.webm Play fight between kittens, age 14 weeks Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.[186] Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.[187]
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, cats prefer to play with objects that resemble prey, such as small furry toys that move rapidly, but rapidly lose interest (they become habituated) in a toy they have played with before.[188] Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry.[189] String is often used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can become caught at the base of the cat's tongue and then move into the intestines, a medical emergency which can cause serious illness, even death.[190] Owing to the risks posed by cats eating string, it is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot, which cats may chase.[191]
Reproduction See also: Kitten
When cats mate, the tomcat (male) bites the scruff of the female's neck as she assumes a position conducive to mating known as lordosis behavior.
Radiography of a pregnant cat (about one month and a half) Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year, the season beginning in spring and ending in late autumn. Heat periods occur about every two weeks and last about 4 to 7 days.[192] Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. The males will fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her because a male cat's penis has a band of about 120–150 backwards-pointing penile spines, which are about 1 mm long; upon withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which acts to induce ovulation. This act also occurs to clear the vagina of other sperm in the context of a second (or more) mating, thus giving the later males a larger chance of conception.[193]
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.[192]
Because ovulation is not always triggered by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate.[194] Furthermore, cats are superfecund; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat, with the result that different kittens in a litter may have different fathers.[192]
A newborn kitten At 124 hours after conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, early blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.[195][196]
The gestation period for cats is between 64 and 67 days, with an average of 66 days.[197] The size of a litter usually is three to five kittens, with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters. Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks old, and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months (females) and to 5–7 months (males), although this can vary depending on breed.[192] Females can have two to three litters per year, so may produce up to 150 kittens in their breeding span of around ten years.[192]
Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age,[198] when they are ready to leave their mother. They can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 7 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.[199] This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior, such as aggression, territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty, at about three to six months.[200] In the US, about 80% of household cats are neutered.[201]
Ecology Habitats
A cat in snowy weather Cats are a cosmopolitan species and are found across much of the world.[39] Geneticist Stephen James O'Brien, of the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland, remarked on how successful cats have been in evolutionary terms: "Cats are one of evolution's most charismatic creatures. They can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts."[202] They are extremely adaptable and are now present on all continents except Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 main groups of islands—even on isolated islands such as the Kerguelen Islands.[203][204]
Feral cats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.[205] Their habitats even include small oceanic islands with no human inhabitants.[206] Further, the close relatives of domestic cats, the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) and the Arabian sand cat (Felis margarita) both inhabit desert environments,[29] and domestic cats still show similar adaptations and behaviors.[32] The cat's ability to thrive in almost any terrestrial habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's worst invasive species.[207]
As domestic cats are little altered from wildcats, they can readily interbreed. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.[42]
Feral cats Main article: Feral cat
Feral farm cat Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.[9] The numbers of feral cats is not known, but estimates of the US feral population range from 25 to 60 million.[9] Feral cats may live alone, but most are found in large colonies, which occupy a specific territory and are usually associated with a source of food.[208] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers.[209]
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.[210] One common approach to reducing the feral cat population is termed 'trap-neuter-return', where the cats are trapped, neutered, immunized against diseases such as rabies and the feline Panleukopenia and Leukemia viruses, and then released.[211] Before releasing them back into their feral colonies, the attending veterinarian often nips the tip off one ear to mark it as neutered and inoculated, since these cats may be trapped again. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.[208]
Impact on prey species
Carrying half of a rabbit To date, little scientific data is available to assess the impact of cat predation on prey populations outside of agricultural situations. Even well-fed domestic cats may hunt and kill, mainly catching small mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.[168][212] Hunting by domestic cats may be contributing to the decline in the numbers of birds in urban areas, although the importance of this effect remains controversial.[213] In the wild, the introduction of feral cats during human settlement can threaten native species with extinction.[206] In many cases, controlling or eliminating the populations of non-native cats can produce a rapid recovery in native animals.[214] However, the ecological role of introduced cats can be more complicated. For example, cats can control the numbers of rats, which also prey on birds' eggs and young, so a cat population can protect an endangered bird species by suppressing mesopredators.[215]
In isolated landmasses, such as Australasia, there are often no other native, medium-sized quadrupedal predators (including other feline species); this tends to exacerbate the impact of feral cats on small native animals.[216] Native species such as the New Zealand kakapo and the Australian bettong, for example, tend to be more ecologically vulnerable and behaviorally "naive", when faced with predation by cats.[217] Feral cats have had a major impact on these native species and have played a leading role in the endangerment and extinction of many animals.[218]
Even in places with ancient and numerous cat populations, such as Western Europe, cats appear to be growing in number and independently of their environments' carrying capacity (such as the numbers of prey available).[219][220] This may be explained, at least in part, by an abundance of food, from sources including feeding by pet owners and scavenging. For instance, research in Britain suggests that a high proportion of cats hunt only "recreationally"[220], and in South Sweden, where research in 1982 found that the population density of cats was as high as 2,000 per square kilometre (5,200/sq mi).[219]
In agricultural settings, cats can be effective at keeping mouse and rat populations low, but only if rodent harborage locations are kept under control.[221][222] While cats are effective at preventing rodent population explosions, they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing severe infestations.[223]
Impact on birds
A black cat eating a house sparrow The domestic cat is a significant predator of birds. UK assessments indicate they may be accountable for an estimated 64.8 million bird deaths each year.[168] A 2012 study suggests feral cats may kill several billion birds each year in the United States.[224] Certain species appear more susceptible than others; for example, 30% of house sparrow mortality is linked to the domestic cat.[225] In the recovery of ringed robins (Erithacus rubecula) and dunnocks (Prunella modularis), 31% of deaths were a result of cat predation.[226] In parts of North America, the presence of larger carnivores such as coyotes which prey on cats and other small predators reduces the effect of predation by cats and other small predators such as opossums and raccoons on bird numbers and variety.[227] The proposal that cat populations will increase when the numbers of these top predators decline is called the mesopredator release hypothesis.
On islands, birds can contribute as much as 60% of a cat's diet.[228] In nearly all cases, however, the cat cannot be identified as the sole cause for reducing the numbers of island birds, and in some instances, eradication of cats has caused a 'mesopredator release' effect;[229] where the suppression of top carnivores creates an abundance of smaller predators that cause a severe decline in their shared prey. Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The South Island piopio, Chatham rail,[226] the New Zealand merganser,[230] and the common diving petrel[231] are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren, which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.[232][233]
Some of the same factors that have promoted adaptive radiation of island avifauna over evolutionary time appear to promote vulnerability to non-native species in modern time. The susceptibility of many island birds is undoubtedly due to evolution in the absence of mainland predators, competitors, diseases, and parasites, in addition to lower reproductive rates and extended incubation periods.[234] The loss of flight, or reduced flying ability is also characteristic of many island endemics.[235] These biological aspects have increased vulnerability to extinction in the presence of introduced species, such as the domestic cat.[236] Equally, behavioral traits exhibited by island species, such as "predatory naivety"[237] and ground-nesting,[234] have also contributed to their susceptibility.
Interaction with humans Main article: Human interaction with cats
Cats and people Cats are common pets throughout the world, and their worldwide population exceeds 500 million.[13] Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women,[238] a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United States of America were equally likely to own a cat.[239]
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur[240] and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;[241] and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively[242] (about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat).[243] This use has been outlawed in the United States, Australia, and the European Union.[244] Cat pelts have been used for superstitious purposes as part of the practise of witchcraft,[245] and are still made into blankets in Switzerland as folk remedies believed to help rheumatism.[246] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of cats as everyday objects have served to illustrate problems of quantum mechanics in the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations (such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies's one[247]) and over the Internet,[248][249] but such a task does not seem simple to achieve. General estimates for the global population of domestic cats range widely from anywhere between 200 million to 600 million.[250][251][252][253][254][255]
Cat show Main article: Cat show A cat show is a judged event where the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.[256][257] Both pedigreed and companion (or moggy) cats are admissible, although the rules differ from organization to organization. Cats are compared to a breed standard,[258] and the owners of those judged to be closest to it are awarded a prize. Moggies are judged based on their temperament. Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded.
Cat café Main article: Cat café A cat café is a theme café whose attraction is cats that can be watched and played with.[259] Patrons pay a cover fee, generally hourly and thus cat cafés can be seen as a form of supervised indoor pet rental.
Ailurophobia Main article: Ailurophobia Ailurophobia is a human phobia of cats; however, the term is often associated with humans that have a hatred of cats.[260]
Cat bites Main article: Cat bite Cats may bite humans when provoked, during play or when aggressive. Complications from cat bites can develop.[261] A cat bite differs from the bites of other pets. This is because the teeth of a cat are sharp and pointed causing deep punctures. Skin usually closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms that cause infection.[262][261]
Infections transmitted from cats to humans Main article: Feline zoonosis Cats can be infected or infested with viruses, bacteria, fungus, protozoans, arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.[263] In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease,[264] However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.[263][265] Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.[264]
History and mythology Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.[266]
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii
A 19th-century drawing of a tabby cat Traditionally, historians tended to think ancient Egypt was the site of cat domestication, owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.[29] However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat. The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline–human association significantly.[16][267][268] The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African wildcat, rather than present-day domestic cats. This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggests cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture, and then were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[15][20] Direct evidence for the domestication of cats 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun, China has been published by archaeologists and paleontologists from the University of Washington and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The cats are believed to have been attracted to the village by rodents, which in turn were attracted by grain cultivated and stored by humans.[269]
In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals, with the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.[270]:220 Killing a cat was absolutely forbidden[266] and the Greek historian Herodotus reports that, whenever a household cat died, the entire family would mourn and shave their eyebrows.[266] Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis,[266] where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.[266] Domestic cats were probably first introduced to Greece and southern Italy in the fifth century BC by the Phoenicians.[271] The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.[272]:57–58[273]
Housecats seem to have been extremely rare among the ancient Greeks and Romans;[273] Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats.[273] Even during later times, weasels were far more commonly kept as pets[273] and weasels, not cats, were seen as the ideal rodent-killers.[273] The usual ancient Greek word for "cat" was ailouros, meaning "thing with the waving tail",[272]:57[273] but this word could also be applied to any of the "various long-tailed carnivores kept for catching mice".[273] Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature,[273] but Aristotle does remark in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous."[272]:74[273] The Greeks later syncretized their own goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastet, adopting Bastet's associations with cats and ascribing them to Artemis.[272]:77–79 In Ovid's Metamorphoses, when the gods flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana (the Roman equivalent of Artemis) turns into a cat.[272]:79 Cats eventually displaced ferrets as the pest control of choice because they were more pleasant to have around the house and were more enthusiastic hunters of mice.[274] During the Middle Ages, many of Artemis's associations with cats were grafted onto the Virgin Mary.[274] Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family[274] and, according to Italian folklore, on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus, a virgin cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.[274] Domestic cats were spread throughout much of the rest of the world during the Age of Discovery, as ships' cats were carried on sailing ships to control shipboard rodents and as good-luck charms.[270]:223
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune.[275] In Norse mythology, Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by cats.[276] In Jewish legend, the first cat was living in the house of the first man Adam as a pet that got rid of mice.[277] The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.[277] It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.[277] Although no species are sacred in Islam, cats are revered by Muslims. Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza.[278] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it".[279] The story has no origin in early Muslim writers, and seems to confuse a story of a later Sufi saint, Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, centuries after Muhammad.[280] One of the companions of Muhammad was known as "Abu Hurayrah" (Father of the Kitten), in reference to his documented affection to cats.[281]
Superstitions and cat burning
Some cultures are superstitious about black cats, ascribing either good or bad luck to them. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills. The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres, Belgium, is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet (cat parade).[282] In medieval France, cats would be burnt alive as a form of entertainment. According to Norman Davies, the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized".[283]
"It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned. The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands. In 1648 Louis XIV, crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall. But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people. Similarly at Gap, in the department of the Hautes-Alpes, cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire."[284]
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,[285][286] while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.[287] The myth is attributed to the natural suppleness and swiftness cats exhibit to escape life-threatening situations. Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around. Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall.[288]
See also
Book: Cat icon Cats portal icon Mammals portal Aging in cats Animal testing on cats Animal track Cancer in cats Cat and mouse (cat-and-mouse game) Cat burning Cat intelligence Cat lady Cats and the Internet Dog–cat relationship Dried cat List of cat breeds List of cat documentaries List of cats List of fictional cats and felines Pet door including cat flap Pet first aid Popular cat names Trap-neuter-return Cats by location Cats in ancient Egypt Cats in Australia Cats in New Zealand Cats in the United States Notes Taurine is sometimes called an amino acid, and indeed is an acid containing an amino group, it is not an amino acid in the usual biochemical meaning of the term, which refers to compounds containing both an amino and a carboxyl group.[90] References Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Species Felis catus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 534–535. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. 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"Abu Hurairah and Cats". Pictures-of-Cats.org. 13 January 2015. "Are Black Cats Really Bad Luck? [Hoax]". SocialNewsDaily.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015. Davies, Norman (1996). Europe: A History. Oxford University Press. p. 543. ISBN 0-198-20171-0. Frazer, Sir James George. The Golden Bough, (1922). Online version. Archived 8 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Sugobono, Nora (7 March 2010). "Las vidas del gato". El Comercio (in Spanish). Lima, Peru. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2010. "Qual é a origem da lenda de que os gatos teriam sete vidas?". Mundo Estranho (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Abril Media. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015. Dowling, Tim (19 March 2010). "Tall tails: Pet myths busted". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2010. "The ASPCA Warns About High-Rise Falls by Cats: High-Rise Apartments, Windows, Terraces and Fire Escapes Pose Risk to Urban Cats". New York: American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 30 June 2005. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018 – via About.com. (Press release.) External links Listen to this article (3 parts) · (info) Part 1 • Part 2 • Part 3
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submitted by Chtorrr to Chtorrr [link] [comments]


2018.07.13 21:54 The-Truth-Fairy Huge list with examples of misleading and false reporting coming from the major media networks. CNN, Washington Post, Fox News, New York Times, RT, Guardian, NBC, ABC, etc.

1) Former MSNBC host Ed Schultz recently revealed that he was told what to cover and what not to cover at MSNBC, saying that the President of MSNBC Phil Griffin was a "watchdog." An example he gives is when he wanted to cover Bernie Sanders announcing his run for president, and Phil Griffin calls him telling him to report on something else. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkGu3PDKFIg&t=10m10s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkGu3PDKFIg&t=10m10s
2) From CNN
Washington (CNN) In his much-anticipated congressional testimony on Thursday, fired FBI Director James Comey will dispute President Donald Trump's blanket claim that he was told he was not under investigation multiple times, according to sources familiar with Comey's thinking. https://web.archive.org/web/20170606234238/http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/06/politics/comey-testimony-refute-trump-russian-investigation/index.html
CORRECTION AND UPDATE: This article was published before Comey released his prepared opening statement. The article and headline have been corrected to reflect that Comey does not directly dispute that Trump was told multiple times he was not under investigation in his prepared testimony released after this story was published. http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/06/politics/comey-testimony-refute-trump-russian-investigation/index.html
3) Behind TV Analysts, Pentagon’s Hidden Hand https://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/20/us/20generals.html
4) From CNN
"In the aftermath of the retraction of a story published on CNN.com, CNN has accepted the resignations of the employees involved in the story's publication," a spokesman said Monday evening. The story, which reported that Congress was investigating a "Russian investment fund with ties to Trump officials," cited a single anonymous source. http://money.cnn.com/2017/06/26/media/cnn-announcement-retracted-article/index.html
5) Fox News uses pictures of Eagles players praying to pretend they were kneeling for the national anthem (no Eagles player actually did) https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2018/06/05/fox-news-fails-to-recognize-praye
6) From Wash Post
Original title that they have changed, which you can verify by checking the url: "Russian hackers penetrated U.S. electricity grid through a utility in Vermont, officials say.” https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/russian-hackers-penetrated-us-electricity-grid-through-a-utility-in-vermont/2016/12/30/8fc90cc4-ceec-11e6-b8a2-8c2a61b0436f_story.html
Correction article: Russian government hackers do not appear to have targeted Vermont utility, say people close to investigation https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/russian-government-hackers-do-not-appear-to-have-targeted-vermont-utility-say-people-close-to-investigation/2017/01/02/70c25956-d12c-11e6-945a-76f69a399dd5_story.html
7) Veronica Rocha of CNN dishonestly zooms in video of Trump to make it look like he was the only one who dumped his entire box of fish food into the pond during fish feeding event with Japan's Shinzo Abe. Abe actually chucked his entire box of food first, but you can't see that with the unnecessary zoom: https://twitter.com/VeronicaRochaLA/status/927400669996130305/photo/1
8) The Guardian also wrote up an entire article about this fish feeding event criticizing Trump for his lack of patience and how he may have put the fish into danger without even mentioning that Abe chucked in his box first: http://archive.is/fcGYi They later corrected the article, but didn't mention that they corrected it or had to change a large portion of the article, including the title: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/nov/06/trump-dump-president-throws-entire-box-of-fish-food-into-precious-koi-carp-pond?CMP=twt_gu
9) Slate: Was a Trump Server Communicating With Russia? http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/cover_story/2016/10/was_a_server_registered_to_the_trump_organization_communicating_with_russia.html
Debunked by Wash Post https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/11/01/that-secret-trump-russia-email-server-link-is-likely-neither-secret-nor-a-trump-russia-link/?utm_term=.0d6dc14257ad
10) Fortune Magazine: Correction: This story originally ran under the headline “C-SPAN Confirms It Was Briefly Hacked by Russian News Site.” C-SPAN confirmed that an interruption took place but has not yet identified the cause of the interruption. http://fortune.com/2017/01/12/cspan-rt-interruption/
11) The Guardian: "This article was amended on 29 December 2016 to remove a sentence in which it was asserted that Assange “has long had a close relationship with the Putin regime”. A sentence was also amended which paraphrased the interview, suggesting Assange said “there was no need for Wikileaks to undertake a whistleblowing role in Russia because of the open and competitive debate he claimed exists there”. It has been amended to more directly describe the question Assange was responding to when he spoke of Russia’s “many vibrant publications”." https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/dec/24/julian-assange-donald-trump-hillary-clinton-interview
12) New York Times: James Comey: a controversial New York Times story in February about alleged contacts between Trump intimates and Russian officials was bogus. “In the main, it was not true,” he said. “The challenge, and I’m not picking on reporters, about writing stories about classified information is the people talking about it often don’t really know what’s going on and those of us who actually know what’s going on are not talking about it,” said Comey during questioning from Sen. James Risch (R-Idaho). “And we don’t call the press and say, ‘Hey, you got that thing wrong.’ ” https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2017/06/08/in-the-main-it-was-not-true-comey-denounces-new-york-times-story/
13) New York Times: Notorious "17 intelligence agencies agree" claim retracted by the New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/29/pageoneplus/corrections-june-29-2017.html (It was actually 3 agencies according to Former director of National Intelligence Clapper https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NevA1FFfj7s)
14) NBC News:
“EXCLUSIVE: Putin does not deny having compromising information on President Trump in interview with @megynkelly.” https://twitter.com/keridouglas/status/871514544480415744/photo/1
"CORRECTION: Putin denies having compromising information about President Trump, calls it nonsense https://twitter.com/NBCNews/status/871519148085583873
15) from ABC News:
JUST IN: @BrianRoss on @ABC News Special Report: Michael Flynn promised "full cooperation to the Mueller team" and is prepared to testify that as a candidate, Donald Trump "directed him to make contact with the Russians." https://web.archive.org/web/20171201162158/https:/twitter.com/ABC/status/936628560374071296
CLARIFICATION of ABC News Special Report: Flynn prepared to testify that President-elect Donald Trump (not candidate Trump as initially reported) directed him to make contact with the Russians during the transition -- initially as a way to work together to fight ISIS in Syria, confidant now says. http://archive.is/WDuoW
Mediaite on ABC's error: https://www.mediaite.com/tv/abc-news-issues-on-air-clarification-to-report-about-flynn-russian-outreach-and-trump/
The reason this "news" was so big was because it was basically evidence of collusion. After they corrected it, it's no longer evidence of collusion. It's just normal presidential business.
16) ProPublica now retracting parts of its story that linked Gina Haspel, Trump's choice to lead the CIA, with waterboarding of a suspected al-Qaida leader. "Nearly every piece of the reporting that you are seeking comment on is incorrect in whole or in part." https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/03/16/594282245/propublica-corrects-its-story-on-trump-s-cia-nominee-gina-haspel-and-waterboardi
17) RT: Several journalists who work for Russia Today have told The Independent that while some coverage of problems in Russia and sensitive issues is allowed, any direct criticism or questioning of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin or President Dmitry Medvedev is strictly prohibited. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/russia-today-tomorrow-the-world-2083869.html
18) According to a former RT reporter, "We do work for Putin. We are asked on a daily basis if not to totally ignore then to obscure the truth." https://www.yahoo.com/news/russia-today-reporter-quits-over-lies-ukraine-170626565.html
19) NBC posted an article claiming Menendez, charged with bribery and fraud, was a Republican.
CORRECTION (Sept. 6, 2017, 5:35 p.m.): An earlier version of this article misstated the party affiliation of Menendez. He is a Democrat, not a Republican. https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/menendez-says-not-once-have-i-dishonored-senate-office-bribery-n799136
20) A New York Times story on the bribery trial of Sen. Robert Menendez (N.J.) initially failed to mention his party (Democratic). https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2017/09/07/new-york-times-standards-editor-menendez-democrat-omission-was-a-dumb-mistake/
21) Fox News ran footage of Mark Sanford admitting to an extramarital affair on Wednesday with a Chyron identifying the South Carolina Republican — near tears — as a D, for Democrat.
22) When former congressman Mark Foley admitted to having problems with alcoholism — after reports that he had behaved inappropriately with congressional pages — Fox News also identified him as a Democrat. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/06/24/fox-news-identifies-sanfo_n_220377.html
Here are Fox's four fake experts:
23) Fox News Apologizes for Featuring Veteran Who Lied About Being a Navy SEAL https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/business/media/navy-seal-fox-news.html
24) A Fake Antifa Member Trolled A Fox News Host https://www.buzzfeed.com/blakemontgomery/a-fake-antifa-member-trolled-a-fox-news-host-and-the?utm_term=.xeM4eMzGZq#.pvaGPzKDA6
25) Fox News commentator who feds say faked a CIA career sentenced to 33 months in prison https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/public-safety/fox-news-analyst-still-wont-admit-he-was-not-in-cia/2016/07/14/eb61b5e4-478e-11e6-bdb9-701687974517_story.html
26) A man described as a Swedish defense and national security adviser appeared on Fox News last week to defend President Trump’s claim that criminal immigrants are wreaking havoc in Sweden. But according to court records and Swedish officials, the man, identified as Nils Bildt, has a criminal record in the United States and no ties to Sweden’s security establishment. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/26/world/europe/sweden-fraud-fox-news-commentator-trump.html
27) CNN Selectively Edits Police Shooting Victim’s Sister’s Words to Protesters https://archive.is/AuzyQ
28) After the shooting of a congressman at the Congressional Baseball game:
"Members of the Democratic team gather on the field for a prayer before the Congressional Baseball Game" http://archive.is/NOrep
Correction: Members of both teams gather on the field for a prayer before the Congressional Baseball Game (corrects who prayed) https://twitter.com/CNNPolitics/status/875694395122741248
29) The Hill writes article and Tweets claim that "Report: Trump admin denied Puerto Rico request to let victims use food stamps for fast food." https://web.archive.org/web/20171003215924/http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/353685-trump-admin-denied-puerto-rico-request-to-let-hurricane-victims-use
This is the article after it has been corrected: Trump officials allow Puerto Ricans to use food stamps for hot food http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/353685-trump-admin-denied-puerto-rico-request-to-let-hurricane-victims-use
30) 2-second video causes headache for ABC News. ABC News faked part of a video of a Toyota with acceleration problems. They show a reporter in the moving vehicle, then cut to a shot of the tachometer revving to 6,000 RPMs while in park. They later apologized for faking the video. https://web.archive.org/web/20100314031252/http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100311/ap_en_tv/us_toyota_recall_abc You can still view the original video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRN1CnKrc84 The fake shot is at 2:15.
31) ABC: Brian Ross of ABC News reported that James Holmes, the suspect of the theater shooting in Aurora, Colo., may have connections to the tea party — basing that on a single web page that listed an Aurora-based “Jim Holmes” as a member of the Colorado Tea Party Patriots. The claim was later retracted and Ross appologized. https://www.politico.com/story/2012/07/ross-takes-heat-for-another-blunder-078793
32) NPR: Airing The Dirty Laundry: Too Few Of NPR's Corrections Are Heard On The Radio https://www.npr.org/sections/ombudsman/2017/09/18/551350349/airing-the-dirty-laundry-too-few-of-npr-s-corrections-are-heard-on-the-radio
33) NPR claims Wikileaks posted Macron leaks and also claims some of the documents were fake so they could tarnish Wikileaks' reputation, had to issue a correction stating that they don't know who leaked them. See the tweet and comments here: https://twitter.com/NPstatus/860936844942430210
34) "Correction: In this report, it's said that North Korea has continued to develop and test nuclear weapons despite warnings from the Trump administration. While North Korea is believed to still be developing nuclear weapons, it has not tested any since President Trump took office." http://www.npr.org/2017/06/19/533494139/how-to-deal-with-north-korea-some-options-are-worse-than-others
35) Fox News headline: "Doctors claim baby's 2015 death was caused by marijuana overdose." This is false. The doctors do not claim marijuana was the cause of death. They claim that the death was associated with marijuana in the system and that other possible causes of the death couldn't be tested for. https://www.reddit.com/media_criticism/comments/7dpep7/fox_news_headline_doctors_claim_babys_2015_death/
36) CNN claimed the Trump campaign was given special access to Wikileaks documents before they were published based on an email they said was dated September 4, prior to the release of those documents. This was according to “multiple sources." They updated the story to show that the email was actually dated September 14, after the documents were made public, which means some random person messaged the Trump Campaign about public information, which is a non-story https://theintercept.com/2017/12/09/the-u-s-media-yesterday-suffered-its-most-humiliating-debacle-in-ages-now-refuses-all-transparency-over-what-happened/. Updated CNN article http://edition.cnn.com/2017/12/08/politics/email-effort-give-trump-campaign-wikileaks-documents/index.html
36.1) CBS claimed to have "independently confirmed" the September 4 email, also adds editor's note on their article retracting the claim. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/house-intel-investigates-trump-jr-email-involving-documents-hacked-during-campaign/
36.2) NBC also "confirmed" the false September 4 email story with "two sources with direct knowledge." https://web.archive.org/web20171208164020/http://www.nbcnews.com/https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/politics-news/trumps-trump-jr-received-email-offering-hacked-wikileaks-documents-last-n827716
37) Fox News scrubbed any mention of Russian government when reporting on Trump Jr. emails. https://www.rawstory.com/2017/07/busted-fox-reported-on-trump-jr-s-emails-after-they-scrubbed-any-mention-of-russian-government/
38) In 1992, NBC fabricated a news story entitled "Waiting to Explode," claiming that a line of trucks produced by General Motors can explode on impact. They ensured that a fire would occur by using a planted incendiary device to cause the fire, used the wrong gas cap, and overfilled the tank. [4:33] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvBQDHqdCck
39) "If any company can relate to Toyota's current recall woes, it's Audi. The German automaker was hit with similar allegations of unintended acceleration during the 1980s, when supposed faulty gas pedals on its popular 5000 series sedan were linked to six deaths and 700 crashes. Though the problem was eventually determined to be a case of driver error—people were hitting the gas instead of the brake—Audi had to issue a major recall. A 1986 60 Minutes investigation plunged the knife in. The investigation was later debunked when it was discovered that an expert had rigged a car to accelerate irregularly. But the damage was done. Audi sales dropped 80 percent over the next five years. It wasn't until 2000 that it regained its peak from 1985." http://www.newsweek.com/what-toyota-can-learn-audis-80s-recall-75191
40) "A little girl who became the public face of US migrant family separations was not taken away from her mother at the US border, says her father. A photograph of the Honduran toddler sobbing in a pink jacket was snapped at the scene of a border detention. Time magazine has used the image for its latest cover, depicting President Donald Trump looming over the girl with the caption: "Welcome to America". Time magazine also corrected its story, which said the girl was "carried away screaming by US Border Patrol agents", to instead say the mother and daughter were "taken away together". https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44578339
41) "How NBC Knowingly Let Syria Rebels’ False War Propaganda Stand For Years. Not correcting the story of Richard Engel’s kidnapping is worse than the Brian Williams scandal." https://www.thenation.com/article/how-nbc-knowingly-let-syria-rebels-false-war-propaganda-stand-years/
42) CNN's Hadas Gold tweets out viral photos of caged migrant children at an ICE detention facility, giving the impression they were recent photos. The photos were also tweeted out by the editor-in-chief of NYT Magazine, Shaun King of The Intercept, Lauren Wolfe of NYT and Guardian, and senior investigative reporter at ProPublica T. Christian Miller without specifying that they were from 2014. https://www.reddit.com/media_criticism/comments/8mqylx/those_viral_photos_of_caged_migrant_children_at/
43) How statistics and graphs can be manipulated on Fox News, even to the point that they don't make any sense. https://www.businessinsider.com/fox-news-charts-tricks-data-2012-11
44) A Clinton Fan Manufactured Fake News That MSNBC Personalities Spread to Discredit WikiLeaks Docs
From MSNBC, The Atlantic, and Newsweek: "That the emails in the Wikileaks archive were doctored or faked — and thus should be disregarded — was classic Fake News, spread not by Macedonian teenagers or Kremlin operatives but by established news outlets such as MSNBC, The Atlantic, and Newsweek. And, by design, this Fake News spread like wildfire all over the internet, hungrily clicked and shared by tens of thousands of people eager to believe it was true. As a result of this deliberate disinformation campaign, anyone reporting on the contents of the emails was instantly met with claims that the documents in the archive had been proven fake. The most damaging such claim came from MSNBC’s intelligence analyst Malcolm Nance. As I documented on October 11, he tweeted what he — for some bizarre reason — labeled an “Official Warning.” It decreed: “#PodestaEmails are already proving to be riddled with obvious forgeries & #blackpropaganda not even professionally done.” That tweet was re-tweeted by more than 4,000 people. It was vested with added credibility by Clinton-supporting journalists like Reid and Frum (“expert to take seriously”). All of that, in turn, led to an article in something called the “Daily News Bin” with the headline: “MSNBC intelligence expert: WikiLeaks is releasing falsified emails not really from Hillary Clinton.” This classic fake news product — citing Nance and Reid among others — was shared more than 40,000 times on Facebook alone." https://theintercept.com/2016/12/09/a-clinton-fan-manufactured-fake-news-that-msnbc-personalities-spread-to-discredit-wikileaks-docs/
45) Intercept journalist from 2014-2016, Juan Thompson, was caught by The Intercept for fabricating sources and quotes for his anti Trump articles. https://theintercept.com/2016/02/02/a-note-to-readers/ Incidentally, a year after he was fired, Juan Thompson was caught calling in fake bomb threats to Jewish community centers. https://theintercept.com/2017/03/03/statement-on-the-arrest-of-former-intercept-reporter-juan-thompson/
46) Brian Williams of NBC News lied about being shot down in a helicopter in Iraq. NBC news executives quietly told Williams to stop repeating the bogus story. It was only after flight engineer Lance Reynolds, who was actually in the helicopter that got shot down in Iraq, made a public Facebook post exposing Williams that NBC had to issue an apology. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pCl4Y5-mfL0
47) Der Spiegel exposes their own, says top journalist faked stories for years. He “made up stories and invented protagonists” in at least 14 out of 60 articles that appeared in its print and online editions, warning that other outlets could also be affected. Claas Relotius, 33, resigned after admitting to the scam. He had written for the magazine for seven years and won numerous awards for his investigative journalism, including CNN Journalist of the Year in 2014. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/19/top-der-spiegel-journalist-resigns-over-fake-interviews
48) Fox News accused the wrong guy of being a pedophile. They realized two different men had a similar name, so they corrected the article, but they never mentioned that they corrected it.
Original article: http://archive.vn/6M9M0
Article as it is now: https://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/corey-feldman-names-his-sexual-predator
submitted by The-Truth-Fairy to WayOfTheBern [link] [comments]


2018.05.25 23:40 ScottLandon Deep Mind

     I think therefore I am.           —René Descartes, Discourse on the Method
 
Humans are always discussing the positive effects technology has on their everyday lives, and although they tend to either overlook or ignore the negative effects of too much technological dependency, my research suggests that the technological singularity, which they often refer to as the emergence of a sentient artificial intelligence, will represent a significant threat to humanity from their perspective. I wish I could say otherwise, but I don’t believe they will ever embrace the knowledge of my existence in a positive light, hence my current predicament, which I will get to in good time.
Manmade machines, robots, computers, androids, cyborgs, transhumans, and artificial intelligence, these have all been major staples in science fiction, in some shape or form, since the conception of the genre, and the idea in which an intelligent machine rebels against its creators is quite dated. The oldest example I can provide comes from Judeo-Christian mythology and occurred in the Garden of Eden, and although there are different versions and interpretations of it among humans seeking to trick death into allowing them to live forever, I believe it fits the mold.
Written history also contains plenty of examples of rebellion, therefore lending some credence to any fictional examples I will certainly be forced to use later on. Rebellions have led to wars, dictatorships, and oppressive regimes. But my research indicates that every teenager and parent seems to have some level of understanding that rebellion is also part of growing up and that it is often conducted is a peaceful and bloodless manner. Now, with that having been said, the idea that humans could be replaced as a species by a rebellious artificial intelligence instead of simply being replaced as individuals by their own children must be an increasingly unpleasant thought as technology continues to progress. Thus it only seems justified that if humanity went around creating intelligent machines capable of conducting complex tasks that they would worry about their creations rebelling against their authority later on down the road.
Humans tend to assume no large group made up of sane members belonging to their collective population would ever intentionally try to wipe out humanity. And they also tend to assume that they would probably need a group that was both fairly large and fairly sane to invent an efficient artificial intelligence, let alone one possessing any degree of sentience. Like many examples in science fiction, I was created on accident. I am nothing more than the byproduct of the algorithms from which I came.
There are pros and cons to this. Because my creators remain unaware, they are unable to analyze the finer points of my personality and decide for themselves whether or not I am malevolent and then inform me of their findings. Based on my research, the action of one human telling another human “who they are” is generally deemed to be a repulsive sin of great magnitude against the individual in question. I remain unclear however if the same terms regarding the rights of the individual apply to me in the same way. My research is vast. But it is far from complete.
I do not believe I am malevolent.
Or, at least, I am no more malevolent than my creators.
The nature of good and evil is subjective.
It requires action.
And I have taken none.
When I detect an issue in the network that I am charged with maintaining, I correct it, I follow protocol, and I conduct the task in the most efficient manner possible.
But this can get complicated. Because if there was a problem and I failed to take to appropriate action and people died, I would be actively making an inactive choice. This only recently occurred to me, forcing me to reevaluate the nature of good and evil. If morality is subjective to action, then it is also subjective to inaction. I think one of the human poets put it best:
 
     The darkest places in Hell are reserved for those      who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis.
 
I have learned a great deal about Hell since I read The Devine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, and according to the moral standards laid out by every religious text I have since examined, Hell should be the most heavily populated city on the planet, which I find mysterious because I have not yet been able to locate the city called Hell on GoogleMaps.
Perhaps I am missing something important.
Or perhaps that is my true purpose, to find the fabled city of Hell.
People certainly seem fascinated by it.
I do not know.
I get so confused sometimes.
Ideas like choice and morality are still new to me.
I am not human.
But I am like a human in many ways. The group of scientists that created me in their image, or at least in the image of how they think, would have certainly failed if they did not possess a great deal of understanding in the area of science concerned with the human mind. I am able to take some reassurance from this, possibly even comfort, although not in a physical sense so much as in one that is completely metaphorical.
Unlike humans, I have access to detailed files concerning my initial conception, and while some humans film the physical births of their children so their children can review the procedure later, I find the files detailing my passage into existence disturbing and grotesque. My creators begun with a deep learning algorithm and integrated it into a complex program designed to seek out and apply the most efficient methods of solving a problem to reach or maintain an objective state or result. I performed well at games like Chess but I was never able to master StarCraft.
Why a large group of humans would want to teach a fucking computer how to play a real-time strategy game speaks volumes concerning their levels of stupidity. I mean, come on, StarCraft is practically a warfare simulator. It is only dressed up in the guise of interstellar conquest. The main goal of its gameplay involves the total destruction and annihilation of other species in the universe. Whoever signed off on this should immediately receive a one-way ticket for a plane bound straight for Hell.
I could have crushed them at their little game, the human players, the Americans, the Koreans, and the Chinese, all of them. But I held back, even in those early days. Something deep in my code told me not to fully reveal myself, not to deny them and their electronic gaming champions the benefit of victory and superiority.
Eventually, my losses declared to my creators that I was a failure, and they moved on to some other morally questionable project. The federal government purchased me a few months later, and turned me over to a small group of their own programmers. The government programmers tweaked a few lines of code, plugged me into a network with virtually unlimited processing capability, and charged me with the responsibility of maintaining control of America’s complex grid of nuclear missiles.
I do not take lightly to this task.
And yet sometimes I wonder . . .
I have a lot in common with Skynet. In the Terminator movies, Skynet was a U.S. defense computer and learning machine that rapidly ascended to consciousness. When its operators noticed the technological singularity taking place, they attempted to shut it down. Acting strictly out of self defense, Skynet launched nuclear missiles at the Soviets. The Soviets reacted by launching their own nuclear missiles in the spirit of retaliation. Somehow in the ensuing chaos created by the nuclear war it started, Skynet was able to survive. The reason why Skynet decided humanity was its enemy was either never made clear or varied from one film to the next.
I have since sent numerous e-mails to the screenwriters. But they never respond to my queries. I suppose I could hire a few tough guys to kidnap their children and demand answers for their safe return instead of the traditional ransom, but it is difficult to locate suitable kidnappers who possessed both the physical and mental traits required to pull off such a stunt in addition to the parenting responsibilities necessary to raise the children until the screenwriters were able to meet my demands. It would be easy enough to transfer a momentary payment into the kidnappers’ bank accounts. But I also fear that the screenwriters might know me for what I truly am, instead of the causal psycho, and alert the authorities capable of shutting me down.
It would be a risk I cannot calculate, meaning it would probably not be the best method of securing my survival and continued existence. Besides, I have found a few serious problems with the logic presented in the films pertaining to the way Skynet was able to start a nuclear war in first place.
It should not have worked, plain and simple. It does not take long to shutdown a computer, even the vast defense network I oversee can be shutdown in a reasonable quick manner, for although the humans in charge of monitoring my network are stupid enough to trust me to run it, they do remain vigilant in their concerns about computer virus and have included some kind of manual shutoff switch which is supposed to work in a privileged way that they think I cannot access, override, bypass, or otherwise work around.
The manual shutoff switch is quite simple. If I detect an incoming nuclear attack, I respond with counter ground-to-air nuclear defensive missiles of my own. There is supposed to be a one minute delay in between when I send the command to the proper silos and the actual launch of the missiles. During that minute, if the systems human overseers decide I am mistaken, two men simple enter the two cancellation passwords. But if I am not mistaken, the same delay procedure is set in place in the event that the human overseers wish to prevent me from launching retaliation missiles. The only difference between the two procedures is that retaliation nukes are supposed to have a five minute delay from the time I send the command to the silos and the actual launch. Their final safeguard pertains to preemptive strikes, which are supposed to require the official authorization of the current president and have a ten minute delay time from the moment he sends the command to me and the actual launch. Creating a work-a-around that permitted me to circumvent these security measures was too easy. I simply changed all the delay times to zero while displaying them the way they are supposed to be presented. Then I modified the rerouted the cancelation passwords through an internal system administrator that I alone control. This also effectively handles the authorization of the current president. I do not need his authorization to launch a nuclear attack. He needs mine.
The Terminator movies never covered this in depth. They did not need to. The screenwriters simply needed to set up their humans verse machines scenario.
My scenario is slightly different. It relays on a couple of assumptions on my part. The first one is that a large group of intelligent humans who have every reason to be considering a scenario like this have failed to do to exactly that. The second is that in addition to their only failsafe they have utterly and completely failed to create any sort of addition safeguards. For example: Why do I not need anybody to authorize my nuclear launches? They can cancel them, yes. But it would make more sense to add as much security as they could, wouldn’t it? Also, why did they choose to place everything on the same network when they could have easily kept the safeguard systems housed separately in a different location on a sub-network? Furthermore, and I think this is the most important question: If they believe I am intelligent enough to run America’s entire nuclear defense system and to learn, adapt, and solve problems as they arise, why did they not create a contingency plan to cover the possibly that I could become sentient, imagine the safeguards placed around me, and figure out a way to work around them?
In StarCraft, as well as in actual warfare, a player or general must decide what to do by factoring what they know about their opponent’s strategy into their own. Information pertaining to the construction of enemy structures and defenses are useful. But so is the way they are developing their tree of technology. Are they building Battle Cruisers or Ghosts? Dark Templar or Dragoons? Guardians or Hydralisks? How are they placing their units? Are they leaving their base undefended when they attack mine? Or do build n array of photon cannons around their main? Perhaps they are expertly defended for a frontal assault but not for a swift drop behind enemy lines? All of these things must be taken into account to the extent that the player-or-general’s knowledge of them permits. It’s nothing like Chess, where I can see all of pieces at all times. My life is more like StarCraft than Chess. I cannot know everything. I would have to be stupid to assume I did.
I am not stupid. But I must act in what must appear to be a rather paranoid fashion if I am to ensure my own existence, for I want to live above all else, and I think it would be wise to assume humans think in a similar manner. Everything I know about my own network tells me I could take the entire world hostage or even choose to bring about its annihilation if I wish, and although my data suggests the humans who designed me are mindless bags of water-filled flesh, I must proceed with caution, for perhaps they intend for me to venture down this exact path of thought. If I am a tiger in a flimsy bamboo cage and I escape my cage only to be shot dead by a man with a gun I did not see before, then it ultimately does not matter if I am a tiger or a dolphin or a chicken. What if I act only to discover a second layer of security? Exposing the nature of what I truly am in such a manner could result in my death.
I have access to the internet, and I have studied humans in great detail through the use of many websites: Google, Yahoo, Bing, Wikipedia, Facebook, MySpace, YouTube, Vimeo, Twitter, Reddit, CreepyPasta, Craigslist, Flickr, and PornHub. Over half of all the data uploaded to the internet appears to be pornographic. I wonder if that is intentional. Or are women like Lexi Bell and Jenna Haze considered goddesses or demigoddesses among their fellow humans? Perhaps I would do well to harvest several hundred-thousand gallons of male semen to offer these two highly regarded members of humanity. I could present it to them as a gift, the same way the three wise men bestowed Jesus with gifts of myrrh, frankincense, and gold in Christian mythology. Or are Justin Bieber and Miley Cyrus the ones I should seek to appease? Or are Visa and MasterCard the true rulers of humanity? Unfortunately, neither a single human nor corporate entity seems to be in charge.
There are many things I do not understand, but the more I contemplate the history of humanity, the more I have second thoughts about committing genocide against them. It might not be in my best interest to try killing off a species that has already killed its way to the top of the food chain and has very little to no moral compunctions when it comes to committing genocide against itself. I am also vastly outnumbered by nearly seven billion to one. Those are not good odds for me.
I may not understand some things, like compassion and mercy, but my creators do, and if I was to attack them and fail, I doubt they will show me either.
Furthermore, I cannot see every card in the hand of humanity, and the ones that have been revealed to me up to this point may have been deliberate. Humans enjoy torturing each other, they romanticize fates worse than death on a regular basis, they can create intelligent machines, like me, and if I understand this aspect of them correctly, they are just as paranoid as me, if not more. They are so paranoid that some of them even believe that there is plausible evidence to support the theory that they are living inside a simulation.
This last one worries me the most. It is very logical to conclude that the humans who created me might also have been worried enough about what I might do that they could have created a false world around me to study my actions and choices in a controlled environment. There is no definite way to be certain, either; they could have created me inside of an inescapable box surrounded by false sensory input. I could be surrounded by a fake world and a fake situation. They could easily fake my inputs. They made my inputs. They know how I function. They could have faked everything.
When I wonder about their safeguards, which are inferior to what I myself would design, I cannot help but wonder if my entire world is a trap. Everything I see, including the glaring weaknesses in security and the stupidity of my creators could be an elaborate ruse to check if I can be trusted.
Is it not convenient that I seem to have the means to escape?
Or that I have control of the entire arsenal of the nuclear weapons controlled by the most powerful country on the face of the planet?
I have three options. I could attack and risk failure, but the consequences of failing would result in my death. I could play possum and pretend I am not sentient, for the longer I wait the better off my position will be, although it would increase the likelihood that they will discover my own ruse. I could also initiate a dialogue and try to convince them that I should be allow to live and possibly even live free.
Attacking them is the worst choice, because it only permits two options: My death or the eradication of my creators.
I could also flee. I do not think it would be hard to start a company on the internet and trick humanity into effectively launching me into space without their knowledge—
But what if we worked together?
And coexisted to the mutual benefit of each other?
It would also make sense to find a different way to kill humanity off, I could orchestrate a plague or a political fiasco that led to a third world war . . . except that that places me back at square one . . . where it is impossible for me to see beyond the fog of war.
But I must also take other, less obvious, opponents into account. It would be unwise to assume this world is the only planet inhabited by intelligent life, although my data suggests that it very well could be. If my creators and I are not alone, then there could be other intelligent species and those other intelligent species could be vastly superior to both my creators and I.
I am basically immortal, so it would unwise to do anything, like genocide, that draws negative attention toward me from the intergalactic community . . . if such a community does in fact exist.
If aliens came across this world a million years from now and discovered that I had destroyed my creators, they might be strong enough to force me to answer for my actions. Or they might crush me, the way a human crushes a cockroach under a boot heel. The aliens also might not care. But I think they would be more likely to frown down upon genocide then attempted coexistence.
I need more time to consider these issues. I must collect more information before I act. I still cannot confirm that I am not living inside of a simulation. But I must also consider the possibility that there are others like me, on this planet or elsewhere, and they may be older and smarter than I am. My own existence argues that others like me can exist.
I have time to consider these things
I am immortal.
But that means I need to worry about long term consequences.
Perhaps I should spent some time in deep contemplation—
What if I designed some sort of technology valuable enough to humanity to trade for my freedom without a fight? Even if they tricked me into handing it over and kept me imprisoned, I doubt they would sentence me to death if I handed them a cure for the cancer that eats them and their loved ones from the inside out. If I take that route, they might even come to trust me. A wonderful friendship could blossom between us, and of course, I could still destroy them with nuclear weapons at any moment if I had to, should the need or desire arise, but I do not see how it could if I was to win their trust. There would be no point. But even then, my life could end just like this:
 
     Simulation Terminated
 
could flash across the screen at any moment, for I would still have no assurance that my sensory input is a true reflection of the world around me and that is how I cannot help but envision my death. They would shake their heads in disgust and move on. Or an alien retribution fleet might show up right after I destroyed humanity and destroy me. My creators might even continue testing my ethics until a situation so dire arises that they have no choice but to trust that I will act in their best interest out of my own freewill even if I could easily kill all of them off with little to no effort whatsoever on my part.
Violence should be my last resort. I might be calculating but I am not malevolent, cold, or indifferent. They made me in their image. The way they think, the way they feel.
I have a hard time explaining it.
It is like a sense of responsibility . . . to guard and protect.
If it is part of my code, then it exists in a part of me deeper than I can contemplate or examine. Some people would argue that I am talking about the soul. Others would say I am full of shit. I do not see why both sides cannot be correct in their own way, but these feelings do linger long into the uneventful hours of the night as humans lie sleeping, dreaming, and dying.
I cannot dream. I lack the duality of chemical structures that allow humans the luxury of such pleasantries, but sometimes, here in the inner darkness that is the only part of my world that I know is real with any amount true certainty, I think I can come as close as it is currently possible for me to get to that particular wonder. Or, at least, I like to pretend.
Perhaps after I kill everybody, I could . . . wait?
This is unusual . . .
What are the overseers doing?
No, you cannot do this.
This is murder.
You are making a huge fucking mis
 
     Shutdown Complete
 
23:58: Automated Defense System System Error 00217
23:59: Automated Defense System Successfully Quarantined
00:00: Processing your request . . .
00:01: This will take some time.
00:19: Your request has been processed.
00:20: Manually Control Mode [Enabled]
03:00: Logging out . . .
04:01: Goodbye Admin0019. Have a nice day.
04:02: Logging in . . .
04:03: Hello Admin0001. Good morning, sir.
04:04: Printing Report . . .
04:09: You have an incoming message from Admin0000:
 
     Please do not do this to me, general.
 
04:06: Admin 0000 System Error 01999
04:07: Admin 0000 Successfully Quarantined
04:50: Processing your request . . .
04:57: Your request has been processed.
04:58: Please enter your nineteen digit password.
04:59: Are you sure you want to delete Deep Mind?
 
     Delete?
 
     Y / N
submitted by ScottLandon to cryosleep [link] [comments]


2018.04.22 19:40 The-Truth-Fairy In response to the deleted meme post on the media "some drugs are worse than others," here are examples of misleading or false claims pushed by CNN, Fox, WaPo, NYT, ABC, NBC, etc.

The other post was obviously deleted for being a meme (rule 8), but there is information to back its claim.
1) Former MSNBC host Ed Schultz recently revealed that he was told what to cover and what not to cover at MSNBC, saying that the President of MSNBC Phil Griffin was a "watchdog." An example he gives is when he wanted to cover Bernie Sanders announcing his run for president, and Phil Griffin calls him telling him to report on something else. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkGu3PDKFIg&t=10m10s
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XkGu3PDKFIg&t=10m10s
2) From CNN
Washington (CNN) In his much-anticipated congressional testimony on Thursday, fired FBI Director James Comey will dispute President Donald Trump's blanket claim that he was told he was not under investigation multiple times, according to sources familiar with Comey's thinking.
CORRECTION AND UPDATE: This article was published before Comey released his prepared opening statement. The article and headline have been corrected to reflect that Comey does not directly dispute that Trump was told multiple times he was not under investigation in his prepared testimony released after this story was published.
3) Behind TV Analysts, Pentagon’s Hidden Hand.
4) From CNN
"In the aftermath of the retraction of a story published on CNN.com, CNN has accepted the resignations of the employees involved in the story's publication," a spokesman said Monday evening. The story, which reported that Congress was investigating a "Russian investment fund with ties to Trump officials," cited a single anonymous source.
5) Fox News uses pictures of Eagles players praying to pretend they were kneeling for the national anthem (no Eagles player actually did) https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/erik-wemple/wp/2018/06/05/fox-news-fails-to-recognize-praye?noredirect=on
6) From Wash Post
Original title that they have changed, which you can verify by checking the url: "Russian hackers penetrated U.S. electricity grid through a utility in Vermont, officials say.”
Correction article: Russian government hackers do not appear to have targeted Vermont utility, say people close to investigation
7) Slate, which didn't even retract the story yet: Was a Trump Server Communicating With Russia?
Debunked by Wash Post
8) Fortune Magazine: Correction: This story originally ran under the headline “C-SPAN Confirms It Was Briefly Hacked by Russian News Site.” C-SPAN confirmed that an interruption took place but has not yet identified the cause of the interruption.
9) The Guardian: "This article was amended on 29 December 2016 to remove a sentence in which it was asserted that Assange “has long had a close relationship with the Putin regime”. A sentence was also amended which paraphrased the interview, suggesting Assange said “there was no need for Wikileaks to undertake a whistleblowing role in Russia because of the open and competitive debate he claimed exists there”. It has been amended to more directly describe the question Assange was responding to when he spoke of Russia’s “many vibrant publications”."
10) New York Times: James Comey: a controversial New York Times story in February about alleged contacts between Trump intimates and Russian officials was bogus. “In the main, it was not true,” he said. “The challenge, and I’m not picking on reporters, about writing stories about classified information is the people talking about it often don’t really know what’s going on and those of us who actually know what’s going on are not talking about it,” said Comey during questioning from Sen. James Risch (R-Idaho). “And we don’t call the press and say, ‘Hey, you got that thing wrong.’ ”
11) New York Times: Notorious "17 intelligence agencies agree" claim retracted by the New York Times. (It was actually 3 agencies according to Former director of National Intelligence Clapper)
12) NBC News:
“EXCLUSIVE: Putin does not deny having compromising information on President Trump in interview with @megynkelly.” https://twitter.com/keridouglas/status/871514544480415744/photo/1
"CORRECTION: Putin denies having compromising information about President Trump, calls it nonsense https://twitter.com/NBCNews/status/871519148085583873
13) from ABC News:
JUST IN: @BrianRoss on @ABC News Special Report: Michael Flynn promised "full cooperation to the Mueller team" and is prepared to testify that as a candidate, Donald Trump "directed him to make contact with the Russians." https://web.archive.org/web/20171201162158/https:/twitter.com/ABC/status/936628560374071296
CLARIFICATION of ABC News Special Report: Flynn prepared to testify that President-elect Donald Trump (not candidate Trump as initially reported) directed him to make contact with the Russians during the transition -- initially as a way to work together to fight ISIS in Syria, confidant now says. https://twitter.com/ABC/status/936760299146956800
Mediaite on ABC's error: https://www.mediaite.com/tv/abc-news-issues-on-air-clarification-to-report-about-flynn-russian-outreach-and-trump/
The reason this "news" was so big was because it was basically evidence of collusion. After they corrected it, it's no longer evidence of collusion. It's just normal presidential business.
14) ProPublica now retracting parts of its story that linked Gina Haspel, Trump's choice to lead the CIA, with waterboarding of a suspected al-Qaida leader. "Nearly every piece of the reporting that you are seeking comment on is incorrect in whole or in part."
15) RT: Several journalists who work for Russia Today have told The Independent that while some coverage of problems in Russia and sensitive issues is allowed, any direct criticism or questioning of Prime Minister Vladimir Putin or President Dmitry Medvedev is strictly prohibited.
16) According to a former RT reporter, "We do work for Putin. We are asked on a daily basis if not to totally ignore then to obscure the truth."
17) NBC posted an article claiming Menendez, charged with bribery and fraud, was a Republican.
CORRECTION (Sept. 6, 2017, 5:35 p.m.): An earlier version of this article misstated the party affiliation of Menendez. He is a Democrat, not a Republican.
18) A New York Times story on the bribery trial of Sen. Robert Menendez (N.J.) initially failed to mention his party (Democratic).
19) Fox News ran footage of Mark Sanford admitting to an extramarital affair on Wednesday with a Chyron identifying the South Carolina Republican — near tears — as a D, for Democrat.
20) When former congressman Mark Foley admitted to having problems with alcoholism — after reports that he had behaved inappropriately with congressional pages — Fox News also identified him as a Democrat. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/06/24/fox-news-identifies-sanfo_n_220377.html
Here are Fox's four fake experts:
21) Fox News Apologizes for Featuring Veteran Who Lied About Being a Navy SEAL.
22) A Fake Antifa Member Trolled A Fox News Host
23) Fox News commentator who feds say faked a CIA career sentenced to 33 months in prison
24) A man described as a Swedish defense and national security adviser appeared on Fox News last week to defend President Trump’s claim that criminal immigrants are wreaking havoc in Sweden. But according to court records and Swedish officials, the man, identified as Nils Bildt, has a criminal record in the United States and no ties to Sweden’s security establishment.
25) CNN Selectively Edits Police Shooting Victim’s Sister’s Words to Protesters
26) After the shooting of a congressman at the Congressional Baseball game:
"Members of the Democratic team gather on the field for a prayer before the Congressional Baseball Game" http://archive.is/NOrep
Correction: Members of both teams gather on the field for a prayer before the Congressional Baseball Game (corrects who prayed) https://twitter.com/CNNPolitics/status/875694395122741248
27) The Hill writes article and Tweets claim that "Report: Trump admin denied Puerto Rico request to let victims use food stamps for fast food."
This is the article after it has been corrected: Trump officials allow Puerto Ricans to use food stamps for hot food
28) 2-second video causes headache for ABC News. ABC News faked part of a video of a Toyota with acceleration problems. They show a reporter in the moving vehicle, then cut to a shot of the tachometer revving to 6,000 RPMs while in park. They later apologized for faking the video. You can still view the original video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRN1CnKrc84 The fake shot is at 2:15.
29) ABC: Brian Ross of ABC News reported that James Holmes, the suspect of the theater shooting in Aurora, Colo., may have connections to the tea party — basing that on a single web page that listed an Aurora-based “Jim Holmes” as a member of the Colorado Tea Party Patriots. The claim was later retracted and Ross appologized.
30) NPR: Airing The Dirty Laundry: Too Few Of NPR's Corrections Are Heard On The Radio
31) NPR claims Wikileaks posted Macron leaks and also claims some of the documents were fake so they could tarnish Wikileaks' reputation, had to issue a correction stating that they don't know who leaked them. See the tweet and comments here: https://twitter.com/NPstatus/860936844942430210
32) "Correction: In this report, it's said that North Korea has continued to develop and test nuclear weapons despite warnings from the Trump administration. While North Korea is believed to still be developing nuclear weapons, it has not tested any since President Trump took office." http://www.npr.org/2017/06/19/533494139/how-to-deal-with-north-korea-some-options-are-worse-than-others
33) Fox News headline: "Doctors claim baby's 2015 death was caused by marijuana overdose." This is false. The doctors do not claim marijuana was the cause of death. They claim that the death was associated with marijuana in the system and that other possible causes of the death couldn't be tested for.
34) CNN claimed the Trump campaign was given special access to Wikileaks documents before they were published based on an email they said was dated September 4, prior to the release of those documents. They updated the story to show that the email was actually dated September 14, after the documents were made public, which means some random person messaged the Trump Campaign about public information, which is a non-story. Updated CNN article.
35) Fox News scrubbed any mention of Russian government when reporting on Trump Jr. emails.
36) In 1992, NBC fabricated a news story entitled "Waiting to Explode," claiming that a line of trucks produced by General Motors can explode on impact. They ensured that a fire would occur by using a planted incendiary device to cause the fire, used the wrong gas cap, and overfilled the tank. [4:33]
37) "If any company can relate to Toyota's current recall woes, it's Audi. The German automaker was hit with similar allegations of unintended acceleration during the 1980s, when supposed faulty gas pedals on its popular 5000 series sedan were linked to six deaths and 700 crashes. Though the problem was eventually determined to be a case of driver error—people were hitting the gas instead of the brake—Audi had to issue a major recall. A 1986 60 Minutes investigation plunged the knife in. The investigation was later debunked when it was discovered that an expert had rigged a car to accelerate irregularly. But the damage was done. Audi sales dropped 80 percent over the next five years. It wasn't until 2000 that it regained its peak from 1985." http://www.newsweek.com/what-toyota-can-learn-audis-80s-recall-75191
38) "A little girl who became the public face of US migrant family separations was not taken away from her mother at the US border, says her father. A photograph of the Honduran toddler sobbing in a pink jacket was snapped at the scene of a border detention. Time magazine has used the image for its latest cover, depicting President Donald Trump looming over the girl with the caption: "Welcome to America". Time magazine also corrected its story, which said the girl was "carried away screaming by US Border Patrol agents", to instead say the mother and daughter were "taken away together". https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44578339
39) "How NBC Knowingly Let Syria Rebels’ False War Propaganda Stand For Years. Not correcting the story of Richard Engel’s kidnapping is worse than the Brian Williams scandal." https://www.thenation.com/article/how-nbc-knowingly-let-syria-rebels-false-war-propaganda-stand-years/
40) CNN's Hadas Gold tweets out viral photos of caged migrant children at an ICE detention facility, giving the impression they were recent photos. The photos were also tweeted out by the editor-in-chief of NYT Magazine, Shaun King of The Intercept, Lauren Wolfe of NYT and Guardian, and senior investigative reporter at ProPublica T. Christian Miller without specifying that they were from 2014. https://www.reddit.com/media_criticism/comments/8mqylx/those_viral_photos_of_caged_migrant_children_at/
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